Abstract

We report continuous-wave single-pass second-harmonic generation (SHG) in 4µm-period 0.5-mm-thick backswitch-poled lithium niobate. Pump sources at 920–930 nm include both Ti:sapphire and diode-oscillator–amplifier lasers. SHG of a Ti:sapphire laser at 6.1%/W efficiency, producing 61 mW of power at 460 nm, is demonstrated in 50-mm-long periodically poled lithium niobate samples with a nonlinear coefficient deff9 pm/V, and 60 mW at 465 nm and 2.8%/W efficiency is obtained by SHG of a laser-diode source.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
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  2. J.-P. Meyn and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1214 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 20, 2375 (1995).
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  5. M. Brinkmann, L. Huang, D. Hui, C. Shao, B. Bischel, and S. Field, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1997), p. 57.
  6. G. W. Ross, M. Pollnau, P. G. R. Smith, W. A. Clarkson, P. E. Britton, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 23, 171 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. G. Batchko, V. Y. Shur, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Backswitch poling in lithium niobate for high-fidelity domain patterning and efficient blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).
  8. G. J. M. Dormans and P. K. Larsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3326 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Gopalan, T. E. Mitchell, and K. Sicakfus, Solid State Commun. 109, 111 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 380.
  12. M. Hagberg, S. O’Brien, H. Zhao, and R. Lang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 40.

1999 (1)

V. Gopalan, T. E. Mitchell, and K. Sicakfus, Solid State Commun. 109, 111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

1996 (1)

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

G. J. M. Dormans and P. K. Larsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Batchko, R. G.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, V. Y. Shur, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Backswitch poling in lithium niobate for high-fidelity domain patterning and efficient blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Beier, B.

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 380.

Bischel, B.

M. Brinkmann, L. Huang, D. Hui, C. Shao, B. Bischel, and S. Field, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1997), p. 57.

Boller, K.-J.

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 380.

Brinkmann, M.

M. Brinkmann, L. Huang, D. Hui, C. Shao, B. Bischel, and S. Field, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1997), p. 57.

Britton, P. E.

Byer, R. L.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, V. Y. Shur, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Backswitch poling in lithium niobate for high-fidelity domain patterning and efficient blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Clarkson, W. A.

Dormans, G. J. M.

G. J. M. Dormans and P. K. Larsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eger, D.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

J.-P. Meyn and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1214 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, V. Y. Shur, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Backswitch poling in lithium niobate for high-fidelity domain patterning and efficient blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Field, S.

M. Brinkmann, L. Huang, D. Hui, C. Shao, B. Bischel, and S. Field, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1997), p. 57.

Gopalan, V.

V. Gopalan, T. E. Mitchell, and K. Sicakfus, Solid State Commun. 109, 111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hagberg, M.

M. Hagberg, S. O’Brien, H. Zhao, and R. Lang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 40.

Hanna, D. C.

Huang, L.

M. Brinkmann, L. Huang, D. Hui, C. Shao, B. Bischel, and S. Field, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1997), p. 57.

Hui, D.

M. Brinkmann, L. Huang, D. Hui, C. Shao, B. Bischel, and S. Field, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1997), p. 57.

Katz, M.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Koch, R.

Lang, R.

M. Hagberg, S. O’Brien, H. Zhao, and R. Lang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 40.

Larsen, P. K.

G. J. M. Dormans and P. K. Larsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mahal, V.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Miller, G. D.

Mitchell, T. E.

V. Gopalan, T. E. Mitchell, and K. Sicakfus, Solid State Commun. 109, 111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, S.

M. Hagberg, S. O’Brien, H. Zhao, and R. Lang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 40.

Oron, M.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

Pruneri, V.

Rosenman, G.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ross, G. W.

Russell, P. St. J.

Shao, C.

M. Brinkmann, L. Huang, D. Hui, C. Shao, B. Bischel, and S. Field, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1997), p. 57.

Shur, V. Y.

R. G. Batchko, V. Y. Shur, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Backswitch poling in lithium niobate for high-fidelity domain patterning and efficient blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Sicakfus, K.

V. Gopalan, T. E. Mitchell, and K. Sicakfus, Solid State Commun. 109, 111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Skliar, A.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. G. R.

Tulloch, W. M.

Wallenstein, R.

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 380.

Weise, D. R.

Woll, D.

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 380.

Zhao, H.

M. Hagberg, S. O’Brien, H. Zhao, and R. Lang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 40.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. J. M. Dormans and P. K. Larsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

V. Gopalan, T. E. Mitchell, and K. Sicakfus, Solid State Commun. 109, 111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 380.

M. Hagberg, S. O’Brien, H. Zhao, and R. Lang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), p. 40.

M. Brinkmann, L. Huang, D. Hui, C. Shao, B. Bischel, and S. Field, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1997), p. 57.

R. G. Batchko, V. Y. Shur, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Backswitch poling in lithium niobate for high-fidelity domain patterning and efficient blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Backswitched domain nucleation along the electrode edges of periodically poled ferroelectrics: (a) top +z surface photograph of 10µm-period PPLN; (b) +z surface photograph of 26µm-period periodically poled LiTaO3; (c) illustration showing the direction of spontaneous polarization (arrows), the electrodes on the +z surface (shaded regions), and the backswitched nuclei (cones).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Poling waveforms, showing (a) programmed external field versus time for the conventional method, (b) programmed external field (solid line) and monitored external field (dotted curve) versus time for the backswitch method, and (c) current (solid line) and delivered charge (dotted curve) versus time for the backswitch method. In (b) the discrepancy between the programmed and the monitored fields is due to voltage regulation by the 20mA-current-limited high-voltage amplifier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

465-nm internal cw single-pass SHG power versus internal pump power for the 920-nm Ti:sapphire laser (solid curve), the 930-nm diode-oscillator–amplifier laser with spatial filtering (dashed curve), and the 930-nm diode-oscillator–amplifier laser without spatial filtering (dotted curve). Inset, temperature tuning curve for a 4µm-period 50-mm-long 0.5-mm-thick backswitched PPLN sample (920-nm Ti:sapphire pump).

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