Abstract

We demonstrate a new type of high-performance long-period fiber grating based on arc-induced periodic microbends. The fabrication method is simple and does not require special fibers. Flexibility in controlling the filter parameters makes it possible to produce arbitrary filter profiles by use of a simple apodization technique, which is difficult to do with conventional long-period gratings.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, P. J. Lemaire, and N. S. Bergano, Opt. Lett. 21, 336 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. Bhatia and A. M. Vengsarkar, Opt. Lett. 21, 692 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. J. Cullen, N. E. Jolley, F. Davis, and J. Mun, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 231.
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    [CrossRef]
  6. E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.
  7. T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, and H. Kanamori, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper ThG2 .
  8. S. G. Kosinski and A. M. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), paper ThG3.
  9. S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 21, 27 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 11, 177 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1996

1994

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986

Bergano, N. S.

Bhatia, V.

V. Bhatia and A. M. Vengsarkar, Opt. Lett. 21, 692 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blake, J. N.

Cullen, T. J.

T. J. Cullen, N. E. Jolley, F. Davis, and J. Mun, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 231.

Danzuka, T.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, and H. Kanamori, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper ThG2 .

Davis, F.

T. J. Cullen, N. E. Jolley, F. Davis, and J. Mun, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 231.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.

Enomoto, T.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, and H. Kanamori, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper ThG2 .

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Golant, K. M.

E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.

Grekov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.

Hwang, I. K.

Ishikawa, S.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, and H. Kanamori, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper ThG2 .

Jolley, N. E.

T. J. Cullen, N. E. Jolley, F. Davis, and J. Mun, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 231.

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, P. J. Lemaire, and N. S. Bergano, Opt. Lett. 21, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanamori, H.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, and H. Kanamori, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper ThG2 .

Karpov, V. I.

E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.

Khrapko, R. R.

E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.

Kim, B. Y.

Kosinski, S. G.

S. G. Kosinski and A. M. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), paper ThG3.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, P. J. Lemaire, and N. S. Bergano, Opt. Lett. 21, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.

Meester, J. P.

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mun, J.

T. J. Cullen, N. E. Jolley, F. Davis, and J. Mun, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 231.

Pedrazzani, J. R.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Shigehara, M.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, and H. Kanamori, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper ThG2 .

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vasiliev, S. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, P. J. Lemaire, and N. S. Bergano, Opt. Lett. 21, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. Bhatia and A. M. Vengsarkar, Opt. Lett. 21, 692 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Kosinski and A. M. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), paper ThG3.

Yun, S. H.

Electron. Lett.

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

T. J. Cullen, N. E. Jolley, F. Davis, and J. Mun, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 231.

E. M. Dianov, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, K. M. Golant, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, and R. R. Khrapko, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper 2-56.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, and H. Kanamori, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper ThG2 .

S. G. Kosinski and A. M. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1998), paper ThG3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fabrication of a LPFG based on periodic microbends by use of an electric arc.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of three LPFG’s with different amplitudes and numbers of microbends and the same period of 620 µm. 65, 24, and 40 microbends were produced at arc durations of (a) 1.0, (b) 1.7, and (c) 1.0 s, respectively. Optical resolution, 1 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Resonance wavelength shift of the grating with respect to temperature change.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Profile-controlled LPFG’s obtained by use of apodization techniques: (a) Coupling coefficient distribution of Gaussian-apodized, uniform gratings and (b) their experimental filter spectra. (c) Coupling coefficient distribution for a rectangular filter profile and (d) its experimental and theoretical filter spectra. Optical resolution, 1 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

LP01LP11 mode coupling efficiency of a LPFG in a two-mode fiber.

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