Abstract

We fabricated and characterized periodically poled lithium niobate monolithic optical parametric oscillators (OPO’s) and generators. The compact monolithic devices were trivial to align and operate and provided widely tunable, nearly diffraction-limited, stable output pulses. Low thresholds and high conversion efficiencies were obtained when the devices were pumped with 3.5-ns 1.064µm pulses. In addition, the monolithic OPO devices exhibited broad tuning by crystal rotation through noncollinear phase matching. The bandwidth-broadening effects exhibited in the noncollinear phase-matching geometry were measured and explained.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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1999 (1)

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

1993 (1)

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. I.

Bisson, S. E.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 21, 1336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, in Quantum Electronics:?A Treatise, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), pp. 587–702.

Drobshoff, A.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Haub, J. G.

Johnson, M. J.

Kulp, T. J.

Myers, L. E.

Nada, N.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

Pierce, J. W.

Powell, A. J.

Powers, P. E.

Saitoh, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stothard, D. J. M.

Velsko, S. P.

Watanabe, K.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Zayhowski, J. J.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output signal energy versus input pump energy for the 10-mm OPO and the 25- and 50-mm OPG crystals. Data for the 25-mm OPG were corrected for the uncoated end faces.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Undepleted (solid curves) and depleted (dashed curves) pump-pulse traces from (left) a 50-mm-long OPG crystal and (right) a 10-mm-long monolithic OPO.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Grating-period tuning curve (bottom axis) for a multigrating monolithic OPO and noncollinear angle-tuning curve (top axis) for a single-grating monolithic OPO.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured and calculated monolithic OPO signal bandwidths versus signal wavelength for both collinear (grating-tuned) and noncollinear (angle-tuned) phase-matching geometries. The dashed curve is the calculated noncollinear bandwidth, assuming plane waves (i.e., θdiv=0). Calculation parameters: θdiv=20 mrad, L=10 mm, Ip=571 MW/cm2, deff=14.4 pm/V, T=155 C°, p=8.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Noncollinear phase-matching geometry for a rotated monolithic crystal.

Equations (1)

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Sλs,θ=-ππdθx-ππdθzWθx,θz×Gθx,θz,λs,θ, Wθx,θz=exp-2θxnesθdivx/22+θznesθzθdivz/22, Gθx,θz,λs,θ=Γ2L2sinh2gLgL2, g=Γ2-Δk/221/2, Γ2=2ωsωideff2Ip/npnsniϵ0c3, Δk=kp cos θ-kg-ks cos θz cos θx -ki2-ks sin θz2 -kp sin θ-ks sin θx cos θz21/2.

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