Abstract

We report our investigations of a new and simpler femtosecond fiber-optic soliton compressor for chirp-compensated gain-switched diode-laser pulses and of pedestal suppression by a compound fiber loop mirror (CFLM) and nonlinear-optical loop mirrors (NOLM’s), both of which are designed for sub-100-fs pulse generation of high quality. The soliton compressor, composed of a 21.1-m-long steplike dispersion profiled fiber, exhibited 44-fs pulses and a compression ratio of approximately 60. Pedestals of 100-fs soliton pulses were suppressed successfully >20 dB by the CFLM and the NOLM’s. In particular, 63-fs pedestal-free sech2 pulses were obtained by NOLM propagation.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. H. Han, K. H. Kim, H. K. Lee, M.-Y. Jeon, and E.-H. Lee, in Second Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Technical Digest of OECC’97 (OECC’97, Sendai, Japan, 1997), p. 254.
  2. L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 490.
  4. E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5779 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Miyamoto, M. Tsuchiya, H. F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1330 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1633 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Smith and N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 15, 1294 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Chusseau and E. Delebanque, Opt. Lett. 19, 734 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Ohta, S. Nogiwa, and H. Chiba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 166 (1998).
  11. W. S. Wong, S. Namiki, M. Margalit, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 22, 1150 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. Y. Khrushchev, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, Electron. Lett. 34, 1009 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. L. Steele, Electron. Lett. 29, 1972 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Yatsu, K. Taira, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 133.
  15. Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, New York, 1989).
  17. K. Taira, R. Yatsu, K. Y. Koay, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 131.

1998 (3)

H. Ohta, S. Nogiwa, and H. Chiba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 166 (1998).

I. Y. Khrushchev, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, Electron. Lett. 34, 1009 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Wong, S. Namiki, M. Margalit, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 22, 1150 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. Miyamoto, M. Tsuchiya, H. F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5779 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Chusseau and E. Delebanque, Opt. Lett. 19, 734 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

A. L. Steele, Electron. Lett. 29, 1972 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, New York, 1989).

Chernikov, S. V.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1633 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chiba, H.

H. Ohta, S. Nogiwa, and H. Chiba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 166 (1998).

Chusseau, L.

Delebanque, E.

Doran, N. J.

Futami, F.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, D. H.

D. H. Han, K. H. Kim, H. K. Lee, M.-Y. Jeon, and E.-H. Lee, in Second Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Technical Digest of OECC’97 (OECC’97, Sendai, Japan, 1997), p. 254.

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Wong, S. Namiki, M. Margalit, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 22, 1150 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

W. S. Wong, S. Namiki, M. Margalit, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 22, 1150 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, M.-Y.

D. H. Han, K. H. Kim, H. K. Lee, M.-Y. Jeon, and E.-H. Lee, in Second Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Technical Digest of OECC’97 (OECC’97, Sendai, Japan, 1997), p. 254.

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kamiya, T.

M. Miyamoto, M. Tsuchiya, H. F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Khrushchev, I. Y.

I. Y. Khrushchev, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, Electron. Lett. 34, 1009 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

D. H. Han, K. H. Kim, H. K. Lee, M.-Y. Jeon, and E.-H. Lee, in Second Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Technical Digest of OECC’97 (OECC’97, Sendai, Japan, 1997), p. 254.

Kimura, Y.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5779 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koay, K. Y.

K. Taira, R. Yatsu, K. Y. Koay, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 131.

Lee, E.-H.

D. H. Han, K. H. Kim, H. K. Lee, M.-Y. Jeon, and E.-H. Lee, in Second Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Technical Digest of OECC’97 (OECC’97, Sendai, Japan, 1997), p. 254.

Lee, H. K.

D. H. Han, K. H. Kim, H. K. Lee, M.-Y. Jeon, and E.-H. Lee, in Second Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Technical Digest of OECC’97 (OECC’97, Sendai, Japan, 1997), p. 254.

Liu, H. F.

M. Miyamoto, M. Tsuchiya, H. F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

Margalit, M.

Miyamoto, M.

M. Miyamoto, M. Tsuchiya, H. F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5779 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 490.

Nogiwa, S.

H. Ohta, S. Nogiwa, and H. Chiba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 166 (1998).

Ohta, H.

H. Ohta, S. Nogiwa, and H. Chiba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 166 (1998).

Penty, R. V.

I. Y. Khrushchev, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, Electron. Lett. 34, 1009 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S. De

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 490.

Smith, K.

Stagira, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 490.

Steele, A. L.

A. L. Steele, Electron. Lett. 29, 1972 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 490.

Taira, K.

K. Taira, R. Yatsu, K. Y. Koay, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 131.

R. Yatsu, K. Taira, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 133.

Takushima, Y.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, M.

M. Miyamoto, M. Tsuchiya, H. F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Taira, R. Yatsu, K. Y. Koay, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 131.

R. Yatsu, K. Taira, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 133.

Valiulis, G.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 490.

Varanavicius, A.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 490.

White, I. H.

I. Y. Khrushchev, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, Electron. Lett. 34, 1009 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wong, W. S.

Yatsu, R.

R. Yatsu, K. Taira, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 133.

K. Taira, R. Yatsu, K. Y. Koay, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 131.

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5779 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. Y. Khrushchev, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, Electron. Lett. 34, 1009 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Steele, Electron. Lett. 29, 1972 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

H. Ohta, S. Nogiwa, and H. Chiba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 166 (1998).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Miyamoto, M. Tsuchiya, H. F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 (1)

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5779 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (5)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, New York, 1989).

K. Taira, R. Yatsu, K. Y. Koay, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 131.

D. H. Han, K. H. Kim, H. K. Lee, M.-Y. Jeon, and E.-H. Lee, in Second Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Technical Digest of OECC’97 (OECC’97, Sendai, Japan, 1997), p. 254.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 490.

R. Yatsu, K. Taira, and M. Tsuchiya, in International Topical Workshop on Contemporary Photonic Technologies (CPT’99, Sendai, Japan, 1999), p. 133.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup: DSF2/VA, a DSF for a CFLM or a variable attenuator for a NOLM; HWP’s, half-wave plates; BPF, bandpass filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Autocorrelation trace at the SDPF input. (b) Autocorrelation traces and (c) the optical spectrum at the SDPF output. The inset in (b) shows the data with an expanded time delay axis. (d), (e) Autocorrelation trace and optical spectrum after propagation in a DFF attached to the end of the SDPF, respectively. The optical spectrum in (e) is plotted on a logarithmic scale in (f) with an expanded wavelength range.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Dashed and solid curves, autocorrelation traces before and after CFLM propagation, respectively. (b) The same traces plotted on a logarithmic scale. The sech2 pulse shape with the same width (116 fs) is indicated by a dotted–dashed curve. (c) Optical spectra before and after CFLM propagation. (d) Dashed and solid curves, autocorrelation traces before and after NOLM propagation, respectively. (e) The same traces plotted on a logarithmic scale. The sech2 pulse shape is indicated by a dotted–dashed curve. (f) Optical spectra before and after NOLM propagation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Dependence of pulse width at the NOLM output on the attenuation in the loop. The loop length is a parameter. The input pulse’s width was always set near 100 fs. (b), (c) Dependence of pulse width and averaged power, respectively, at the NOLM output on the attenuation in the 2.0-m loop.

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