Abstract

We report on the fabrication and characterization of quasi-phase-matched potassium niobate crystals for second-harmonic generation. Periodic 30µm-pitch antiparallel ferroelectric domains are fabricated by means of poling in an electrical field. Both birefrigence and periodic phase shift of the generated second harmonic contribute to phase matching when the d31 nonlinear optical tensor element is used. 3.8 mW of second-harmonic radiation at 463 nm is generated by frequency doubling of the output of master-oscillator power-amplifier diode laser in a 5-mm-long crystal. The measured effective nonlinear coefficient is 3.7 pm/V. The measured spectral acceptance bandwidth of 0.25 nm corresponds to the theoretical value.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. Landolt-Börnstein Vol. III/7e446 (1976), after E. A. Wood, Acta Cryst. 4, 353 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Mizell, W. R. Fay, T. Alekel, D. Rytz, and M. Garrett, Proc. SPIE 2115, 19 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. A. Shuvalov, ed., Modern Crystallography IV, Vol. 15 of Springer Series in Solid State Science (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 209.
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    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Günter, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 3475 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  21. B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  23. V. Pruneri, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 21, 390 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1997

D. Fluck and P. Günter, Opt. Commun. 136, 257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1214 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

V. Pruneri, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 21, 390 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mizuuchi and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 107 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Mizell, W. R. Fay, T. Alekel, D. Rytz, and M. Garrett, Proc. SPIE 2115, 19 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Zysset, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 380 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. Biaggio, P. Kerkoc, L.-S. Wu, P. Günter, and B. Zysset, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992). In Table VI, d31 and d32 are reversed owing to a different axis setting.
[CrossRef]

1974

P. Günter, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 3475 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972

T. Fukuda and Y. Uematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 11, 163 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1968

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Alekel, T.

G. Mizell, W. R. Fay, T. Alekel, D. Rytz, and M. Garrett, Proc. SPIE 2115, 19 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Arvidsson, G.

Bäder, U.

Beier, B.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Butterworth, S. D.

Byer, R. L.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckhard, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eckhard, R. C.

Fay, W. R.

G. Mizell, W. R. Fay, T. Alekel, D. Rytz, and M. Garrett, Proc. SPIE 2115, 19 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fluck, D.

D. Fluck and P. Günter, Opt. Commun. 136, 257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

T. Fukuda and Y. Uematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 11, 163 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, M.

G. Mizell, W. R. Fay, T. Alekel, D. Rytz, and M. Garrett, Proc. SPIE 2115, 19 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

Gustafsson, M.

Hanna, D. C.

Harada, A.

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Henriksson, P.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

Kerkoc, P.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Missey, M. J.

S. D. Setzler, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, L. A. Pomeranz, and M. J. Missey, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 676.

Mizell, G.

G. Mizell, W. R. Fay, T. Alekel, D. Rytz, and M. Garrett, Proc. SPIE 2115, 19 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mizuuchi, K.

Myers, L. E.

Nada, N.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nihei, Y.

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, M.

Pershan, P.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pollak, T. M.

S. D. Setzler, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, L. A. Pomeranz, and M. J. Missey, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 676.

Pomeranz, L. A.

S. D. Setzler, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, L. A. Pomeranz, and M. J. Missey, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 676.

Pruneri, V.

Risk, W. P.

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, D. A.

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992). In Table VI, d31 and d32 are reversed owing to a different axis setting.
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

G. Mizell, W. R. Fay, T. Alekel, D. Rytz, and M. Garrett, Proc. SPIE 2115, 19 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Scheidt, M.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

S. D. Setzler, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, L. A. Pomeranz, and M. J. Missey, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 676.

Setzler, S. D.

S. D. Setzler, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, L. A. Pomeranz, and M. J. Missey, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 676.

Uematsu, Y.

T. Fukuda and Y. Uematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 11, 163 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Watanabe, K.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wickström, S.

Woll, D.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.-S.

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

Zysset, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992). In Table VI, d31 and d32 are reversed owing to a different axis setting.
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

P. Günter, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 3475 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

T. Fukuda and Y. Uematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 11, 163 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

D. Fluck and P. Günter, Opt. Commun. 136, 257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

G. Mizell, W. R. Fay, T. Alekel, D. Rytz, and M. Garrett, Proc. SPIE 2115, 19 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. A. Shuvalov, ed., Modern Crystallography IV, Vol. 15 of Springer Series in Solid State Science (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 209.

Landolt-Börnstein Vol. III/7e446 (1976), after E. A. Wood, Acta Cryst. 4, 353 (1951).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Setzler, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, L. A. Pomeranz, and M. J. Missey, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 676.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

QPM periods required for near-infrared SHG in PPKN for different nonlinear optical tensor elements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

c+ face (left) and c- face (right) of PPKN with a grating period Λ=30 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured and calculated SHG wavelength-tuning curve for a 5-mm PPKN.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Quasi-Phase-Matching Parameters for SHG at 925.8 nm for Various Polarizations of Fundamental and Second-Harmonic Radiation at Room Temperature

Equations (1)

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deff=PoutPin2λω3nωn2ωϵ0c16π2l1h1/2,

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