Abstract

Among nonlinear materials, the organic ionic salt crystal 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium-tosylate (DAST) is known for its large nonlinearity. We generated a coherent terahertz (THz) wave, using DAST, from the difference frequency between two oscillating wavelengths of an electronically tuned Ti:sapphire laser. In LiNbO3, LiTaO3, KTiOPO4, and GaP crystals, THz-wave generation was not observed under the same experimental conditions. This result proves the high efficiency of DAST crystals for generation of difference-frequency THz waves.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Morris and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 15, 1143 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. van Exter and D. Grischkowsky, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1684 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, and C. L. Dennis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Matsuura, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 559 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Kawase, K. Nakamura, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Shikata, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, and K. Kawase, Opt. Lett. 24, 202 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, “Organic nonlinear optical crystal DAST growth and its device applications,” Chem. Phys. (to be published).
  12. S. Wada, K. Akagawa, and H. Tashiro, Opt. Lett. 21, 731 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Nakanishi, H. Matsuda, S. Okada, and M. Kato, Proc. MRS Int. Mtg. Adv. Mater. 1, 97 (1989); “Organic material for nonlinear optics,” Japanese patent1,716,929 (March23, 1990).
  14. F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. U. Meier, M. Bosch, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3486 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 10 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Sohma, K. Kegasawa, T. Taniuchi, T. Sato, and H. Ito, Tech. Rep. IEICE LQE98-9, 49 (1998).
  20. T. Suzuki, J. J. Chang, T. Nozokido, Y. Kuwano, and K. Mizuno, presented at the International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Pasadena, Calif., June, 1992.
  21. R. L. Aggarwal and B. Lax, in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed. (Springer, New York, 1977), p. 28.
  22. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 401.
  23. X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

U. Meier, M. Bosch, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3486 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Sohma, K. Kegasawa, T. Taniuchi, T. Sato, and H. Ito, Tech. Rep. IEICE LQE98-9, 49 (1998).

1997 (3)

K. Kawase, K. Nakamura, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Matsuura, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Spreiter, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, Opt. Lett. 22, 564 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (4)

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Wada, K. Akagawa, and H. Tashiro, Opt. Lett. 21, 731 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 10 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, and C. L. Dennis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. van Exter and D. Grischkowsky, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1684 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

H. Nakanishi, H. Matsuda, S. Okada, and M. Kato, Proc. MRS Int. Mtg. Adv. Mater. 1, 97 (1989); “Organic material for nonlinear optics,” Japanese patent1,716,929 (March23, 1990).

1988 (1)

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

R. Morris and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 15, 1143 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

F. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

R. L. Aggarwal and B. Lax, in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed. (Springer, New York, 1977), p. 28.

Akagawa, K.

Auston, D. H.

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Berman, P. R.

F. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Boden, E. P.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bosch, M.

U. Meier, M. Bosch, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3486 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bosshard, Ch.

U. Meier, M. Bosch, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3486 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Spreiter, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, Opt. Lett. 22, 564 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, E. R.

E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, and C. L. Dennis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carrig, T. J.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 10 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J. J.

T. Suzuki, J. J. Chang, T. Nozokido, Y. Kuwano, and K. Mizuno, presented at the International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Pasadena, Calif., June, 1992.

Clement, T. S.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 10 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, C. L.

E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, and C. L. Dennis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Follonier, S.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

M. van Exter and D. Grischkowsky, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1684 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

U. Meier, M. Bosch, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3486 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Spreiter, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, Opt. Lett. 22, 564 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

J. Shikata, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, and K. Kawase, Opt. Lett. 24, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Sohma, K. Kegasawa, T. Taniuchi, T. Sato, and H. Ito, Tech. Rep. IEICE LQE98-9, 49 (1998).

K. Kawase, K. Nakamura, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, “Organic nonlinear optical crystal DAST growth and its device applications,” Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Jacobsen, R. H.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kato, M.

H. Nakanishi, H. Matsuda, S. Okada, and M. Kato, Proc. MRS Int. Mtg. Adv. Mater. 1, 97 (1989); “Organic material for nonlinear optics,” Japanese patent1,716,929 (March23, 1990).

Kawase, K.

J. Shikata, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, and K. Kawase, Opt. Lett. 24, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, K. Nakamura, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kegasawa, K.

S. Sohma, K. Kegasawa, T. Taniuchi, T. Sato, and H. Ito, Tech. Rep. IEICE LQE98-9, 49 (1998).

Knopfle, G.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, Y.

T. Suzuki, J. J. Chang, T. Nozokido, Y. Kuwano, and K. Mizuno, presented at the International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Pasadena, Calif., June, 1992.

Lax, B.

R. L. Aggarwal and B. Lax, in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed. (Springer, New York, 1977), p. 28.

Lu, T.-M.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. F.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, H.

H. Nakanishi, H. Matsuda, S. Okada, and M. Kato, Proc. MRS Int. Mtg. Adv. Mater. 1, 97 (1989); “Organic material for nonlinear optics,” Japanese patent1,716,929 (March23, 1990).

Matsuura, S.

S. Matsuura, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McIntosh, K. A.

E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, and C. L. Dennis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meier, U.

U. Meier, M. Bosch, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3486 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, K.

T. Suzuki, J. J. Chang, T. Nozokido, Y. Kuwano, and K. Mizuno, presented at the International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Pasadena, Calif., June, 1992.

Morris, R.

R. Morris and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 15, 1143 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

K. Kawase, K. Nakamura, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, H.

H. Nakanishi, H. Matsuda, S. Okada, and M. Kato, Proc. MRS Int. Mtg. Adv. Mater. 1, 97 (1989); “Organic material for nonlinear optics,” Japanese patent1,716,929 (March23, 1990).

Nichols, K. B.

E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, and C. L. Dennis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nozokido, T.

T. Suzuki, J. J. Chang, T. Nozokido, Y. Kuwano, and K. Mizuno, presented at the International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Pasadena, Calif., June, 1992.

Nuss, M. C.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Okada, S.

H. Nakanishi, H. Matsuda, S. Okada, and M. Kato, Proc. MRS Int. Mtg. Adv. Mater. 1, 97 (1989); “Organic material for nonlinear optics,” Japanese patent1,716,929 (March23, 1990).

Pan, F.

U. Meier, M. Bosch, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3486 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Spreiter, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, Opt. Lett. 22, 564 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phelps, P. D.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, G.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 10 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, K.

S. Matsuura, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

J. Shikata, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, and K. Kawase, Opt. Lett. 24, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, K. Nakamura, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

S. Sohma, K. Kegasawa, T. Taniuchi, T. Sato, and H. Ito, Tech. Rep. IEICE LQE98-9, 49 (1998).

Shen, Y. R.

R. Morris and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 15, 1143 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Shikata, J.

Smith, P. R.

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sohma, S.

S. Sohma, K. Kegasawa, T. Taniuchi, T. Sato, and H. Ito, Tech. Rep. IEICE LQE98-9, 49 (1998).

S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, “Organic nonlinear optical crystal DAST growth and its device applications,” Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Spreiter, R.

R. Spreiter, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, Opt. Lett. 22, 564 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, K. R.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, J. J. Chang, T. Nozokido, Y. Kuwano, and K. Mizuno, presented at the International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Pasadena, Calif., June, 1992.

Takahashi, H.

S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, “Organic nonlinear optical crystal DAST growth and its device applications,” Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Tani, M.

S. Matsuura, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taniuchi, T.

J. Shikata, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, and K. Kawase, Opt. Lett. 24, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Sohma, K. Kegasawa, T. Taniuchi, T. Sato, and H. Ito, Tech. Rep. IEICE LQE98-9, 49 (1998).

K. Kawase, K. Nakamura, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, “Organic nonlinear optical crystal DAST growth and its device applications,” Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Tashiro, H.

Taylor, A. J.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 10 (1995).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M.

M. van Exter and D. Grischkowsky, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1684 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wada, S.

Wong, M. S.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yakymyshyn, C. P.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 401.

Zernike, F.

F. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, and C. L. Dennis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Matsuura, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, K. Nakamura, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 10 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, and A. J. Taylor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

M. van Exter and D. Grischkowsky, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1684 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

U. Meier, M. Bosch, Ch. Bosshard, F. Pan, and P. Gunter, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3486 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. Morris and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 15, 1143 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Proc. MRS Int. Mtg. Adv. Mater. (1)

H. Nakanishi, H. Matsuda, S. Okada, and M. Kato, Proc. MRS Int. Mtg. Adv. Mater. 1, 97 (1989); “Organic material for nonlinear optics,” Japanese patent1,716,929 (March23, 1990).

Tech. Rep. IEICE (1)

S. Sohma, K. Kegasawa, T. Taniuchi, T. Sato, and H. Ito, Tech. Rep. IEICE LQE98-9, 49 (1998).

Other (4)

T. Suzuki, J. J. Chang, T. Nozokido, Y. Kuwano, and K. Mizuno, presented at the International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Pasadena, Calif., June, 1992.

R. L. Aggarwal and B. Lax, in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed. (Springer, New York, 1977), p. 28.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 401.

S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, “Organic nonlinear optical crystal DAST growth and its device applications,” Chem. Phys. (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for generating THz waves from a DAST crystal by use of the difference frequency between dual oscillating wavelengths of an electronically tuned Ti:sapphire laser: M’s, mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Example of the spectrum of the dual-wavelength oscillation of the electronically tuned Ti:sapphire laser. Simultaneous oscillation of the two wavelengths was proved by sum-frequency generation with a barium borate crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical THz wavelength measurement with a scanning Fabry-Perot etalon consisting of metal mesh plates.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal characteristics of the incident laser pulse (top) and the generated THz-wave pulse (bottom). A Schottky barrier diode detector monitored the pulse shape of the THz wave.

Equations (1)

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P3P1=12μ003/2ω32d2L2n1n2n3P2AT1T2T3 exp-α3L×1+exp-ΔαL-2 exp-ΔαL/2cosΔkLΔkL2+ΔαL/22,

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