Abstract

Light-induced director reorientation in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals was recently reported to be an efficient method of writing permanent holographic gratings with high sensitivity [Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999)]. We report the achievement of stable director reorientation in the same materials by means of a single 4-ns pulse of the second harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser. Fast recording of high-resolution holographic gratings (more than 500 lines/mm) can be obtained with an energy density as low as 7×10-3 J/cm2.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1999

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, L. Lucchetti, and F. Simoni, Opt. Commun. 150, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

F. Simoni, O. Francescangeli, Y. Reznikov, and S. Slussarenko, Opt. Lett. 22, 549 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Moerner, S. M. Silence, F. Hache, and G. C. Bjorklund, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 320 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

1989

R. Ortler, C. Brauchle, A. Miller, and G. Riepl, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 189 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983

G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Andrienko, D.

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

Brauchle, C.

R. Ortler, C. Brauchle, A. Miller, and G. Riepl, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 189 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

Cipparrone, G.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, L. Lucchetti, and F. Simoni, Opt. Commun. 150, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ducharme, S.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eich, M.

Francescangeli, O.

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Simoni, O. Francescangeli, Y. Reznikov, and S. Slussarenko, Opt. Lett. 22, 549 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

Khyzhnyak, A.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kippelen, B.

Klein, M. B.

G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kukhtarev, N. V.

Lucchetti, L.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, L. Lucchetti, and F. Simoni, Opt. Commun. 150, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mazzulla, A.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, L. Lucchetti, and F. Simoni, Opt. Commun. 150, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meerholz, K.

Miller, A.

R. Ortler, C. Brauchle, A. Miller, and G. Riepl, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 189 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Moerner, W. E.

W. E. Moerner, S. M. Silence, F. Hache, and G. C. Bjorklund, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 320 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortler, R.

R. Ortler, C. Brauchle, A. Miller, and G. Riepl, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 189 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Reshetnyak, V.

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Reznikov, Y.

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Simoni, O. Francescangeli, Y. Reznikov, and S. Slussarenko, Opt. Lett. 22, 549 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Riepl, G.

R. Ortler, C. Brauchle, A. Miller, and G. Riepl, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 189 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sandalphon,

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Scott, J. C.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silence, S. M.

Simoni, F.

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, L. Lucchetti, and F. Simoni, Opt. Commun. 150, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Simoni, O. Francescangeli, Y. Reznikov, and S. Slussarenko, Opt. Lett. 22, 549 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Simoni, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals and Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

Slussarenko, S.

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Simoni, O. Francescangeli, Y. Reznikov, and S. Slussarenko, Opt. Lett. 22, 549 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Twieg, R. J.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Volodin, B. L.

Voloshchenko, D.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wendorff, J. H.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun.

R. Ortler, C. Brauchle, A. Miller, and G. Riepl, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 189 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nature

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, L. Lucchetti, and F. Simoni, Opt. Commun. 150, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

F. Simoni, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals and Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: BS’s, beam splitters; WP’s, quarter-wave plates; P’s, polarizers; L’s, lenses; S, sample, F, filter; A, analyzer; D, photodiode; VIS, visible.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Probe signal versus time when α is 45°. The cell was irradiated with a single pump pulse τ=4 ns.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarized optical microscope picture of the irradiated region. The polarizers are (a) parallel and (b) crossed.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Permanent grating written by a single pump pulse observed under a polarized optical microscope. The grating period is Λ=10 µm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Diffraction efficiency η versus the grating period Λ for polarization of the probe beam parallel ηp and perpendicular ηs to the polarization of the writing beams.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

IprobeoutIprobein sin2 θis,
φz=φ1+φ2-φ1zd,
nexφz=noneno2 cos2 φ+ne2 sin2 φ1/2,

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