Abstract

An analytical expression for the difference in buildup time between two longitudinal modes in a passively Q-switched laser resonator is developed and compared with experimental laser data. The results support the following temporal criterion for single-frequency, passively Q-switched operation: The difference in buildup time between any two longitudinal modes of the laser resonator should be comparable with or greater than the laser pulse duration to ensure single-frequency operation.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Isyanova and D. Welford, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper AMB2.
  2. R. Beach, J. Davin, S. Mitchell, W. Benett, B. Freitas, and R. Solarz, Opt. Lett. 17, 124 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. D. Hays and R. Burnham, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 129.
  4. R. S. Afzal, A. W. Yu, J. J. Zayhowski, and T. Y. Fan, Opt. Lett. 22, 1314 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).
  6. A. G. Kalintsev, A. A. Mak, L. N. Soms, A. I. Stepanov, and A. A. Tarasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1267 (1981).
  7. D. Welford, D. M. Rines, and B. J. Dinerman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1850 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. R. Sooy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 66 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. J. Degnan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

J. J. Degnan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

D. Welford, D. M. Rines, and B. J. Dinerman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1850 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

1981 (1)

A. G. Kalintsev, A. A. Mak, L. N. Soms, A. I. Stepanov, and A. A. Tarasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1267 (1981).

1965 (2)

W. R. Sooy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 66 (1965).
[CrossRef]

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Afzal, R. S.

Beach, R.

Benett, W.

Burnham, R.

A. D. Hays and R. Burnham, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 129.

Davin, J.

Degnan, J. J.

J. J. Degnan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dinerman, B. J.

D. Welford, D. M. Rines, and B. J. Dinerman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1850 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Freitas, B.

Hays, A. D.

A. D. Hays and R. Burnham, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 129.

Isyanova, Y.

Y. Isyanova and D. Welford, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper AMB2.

Isyanova, Y. D.

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

Kalintsev, A. G.

A. G. Kalintsev, A. A. Mak, L. N. Soms, A. I. Stepanov, and A. A. Tarasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1267 (1981).

Levit, A. L.

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

Lobanov, B. D.

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

Mak, A. A.

A. G. Kalintsev, A. A. Mak, L. N. Soms, A. I. Stepanov, and A. A. Tarasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1267 (1981).

Maksimova, N. T.

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

Mitchell, S.

Ovchinnikov, V. M.

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

Pirogov, Y. A.

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

Rines, D. M.

D. Welford, D. M. Rines, and B. J. Dinerman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1850 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Simin, B. A.

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

Solarz, R.

Soms, L. N.

A. G. Kalintsev, A. A. Mak, L. N. Soms, A. I. Stepanov, and A. A. Tarasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1267 (1981).

Sooy, W. R.

W. R. Sooy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 66 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Stein, R. A.

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. I.

A. G. Kalintsev, A. A. Mak, L. N. Soms, A. I. Stepanov, and A. A. Tarasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1267 (1981).

Szabo, A.

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Tarasov, A. A.

A. G. Kalintsev, A. A. Mak, L. N. Soms, A. I. Stepanov, and A. A. Tarasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1267 (1981).

Tsirulnik, P. A.

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

Welford, D.

D. Welford, D. M. Rines, and B. J. Dinerman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1850 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Isyanova and D. Welford, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper AMB2.

Yu, A. W.

Zayhowski, J. J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. R. Sooy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 66 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. (1)

Y. D. Isyanova, A. L. Levit, B. D. Lobanov, N. T. Maksimova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Y. A. Pirogov, B. A. Simin, and P. A. Tsirulnik, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 48, 97 (1984).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. J. Degnan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. (1)

A. G. Kalintsev, A. A. Mak, L. N. Soms, A. I. Stepanov, and A. A. Tarasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1267 (1981).

Other (2)

Y. Isyanova and D. Welford, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper AMB2.

A. D. Hays and R. Burnham, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 129.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of the temporal evolution of two different longitudinal modes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated pulse buildup-time difference, Δts, and measured pulse duration, tp, as a function of unsaturated Q-switched transmission, T0, for a 10-cm-long resonator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated pulse buildup-time difference, Δts, and measured pulse duration, tp, as a function of unsaturated Q-switch transmission, T0, for a 30-cm-long resonator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured 2.8-ns-duration Q-switched laser pulse for the 10-cm-long resonator.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured 11-ns-duration Q-switched laser pulse for the 30-cm-long resonator.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dPntdt=Pnttl2σnlaNt-Ln,
Pntsn=Piexp2σnlaNi-Lntsn/tl,
exp2σnlaNth-Ln=1.
Pntsn=Pmtsm,
2σnlaNi-Lntsn=2σmlaNi-Lmtsm.
Δts=tsn2σn-σmlaNi-Ln-Lm2σmlaNi-Lm.
Δts=tsn2σn-σmlaNi2σmlaNi-Lm.
Δts=lnPnPitl2σnlaNth1+2σn-σmσm.

Metrics