Abstract

Stabilization of an actively mode-locked fiber laser in the frequency-doubling rational-harmonic mode-locking regime is demonstrated experimentally for the first time to the authors’ knowledge. The stabilization is achieved by a method based on minimization of the average optical power at the second output of a dual-output Mach–Zehnder modulator used as a mode locker. This method produces long-term stable operation of the laser with 35dB suppression of the pulse-to-pulse amplitude fluctuation caused by rational-harmonic frequency doubling.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1998

M.-Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, J. T. Ahn, K. H. Kim, D. S. Lim, and E.-H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 23, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, C. Lou, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 34, 375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, O. Pottiez, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, Electron. Lett. 34, 2410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. F. Carruthers and I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 21, 1927 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Shan, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ahmed and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 32, 455 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 32, 1370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989

Ahmed, Z.

Z. Ahmed and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 32, 455 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. T.

Baer, T.

Blondel, M.

R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, O. Pottiez, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, Electron. Lett. 34, 2410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Carruthers, T. F.

Chan, K. T.

S. Li, C. Lou, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 34, 375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cleland, D.

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Deparis, O.

R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, O. Pottiez, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, Electron. Lett. 34, 2410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

Ellis, A.

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

X. Shan, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. W.

Jeon, M.-Y.

Kafka, J. D.

Kawanishi, S.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kiyan, R.

R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, O. Pottiez, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, Electron. Lett. 34, 2410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, E.-H.

Lee, H. K.

Li, S.

S. Li, C. Lou, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 34, 375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lim, D. S.

Lou, C.

S. Li, C. Lou, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 34, 375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mégret, P.

R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, O. Pottiez, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, Electron. Lett. 34, 2410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 32, 1370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Onodera, N.

Z. Ahmed and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 32, 455 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pottiez, O.

R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, O. Pottiez, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, Electron. Lett. 34, 2410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shan, X.

X. Shan, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, A. S.

X. Shan, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Widdowson, T.

X. Shan, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 32, 1370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ahmed and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 32, 455 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 32, 1370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, C. Lou, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 34, 375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. Shan, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, O. Pottiez, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, Electron. Lett. 34, 2410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Actively mode-locked Er-doped fiber σ laser and stabilization scheme: PR, narrow-band photoreceiver; PBS, polarization beam splitter; FRM, Faraday rotation mirror; OI, optical isolator; TOF, tunable optical filter; HVA, high-voltage amplifier; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detuning characteristic of the average optical power at the MZM second output. The FSR is 1.704 MHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependencies of the average optical power at the MZM second output (open squares), the pulse width (filled circles), and the difference between rf powers of the fM and 2fM frequency components (filled triangles) on laser cavity detuning.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Long-term temporal evolution of the average optical power at the MZM second output (open squares), the pulse width (filled circles), and the difference between rf powers of the fM and 2fM frequency components (filled triangles).

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