Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate generation of bright sub-Poissonian light by means of parametric deamplification in a phase-sensitive fiber amplifier that is based on a balanced nonlinear Sagnac interferometer. On direct detection, the photocurrent noise falls below the shot-noise limit by 0.6±0.2 dB (1.4 dB when corrected for detection losses). To observe the noise reduction we employed a scheme that used two orthogonally polarized pulses to cancel the noise that arises from the predominantly polarized guided-acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in the fiber. We also present a simplified semiclassical theory of quantum-noise suppression by this amplifier, which is found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. J. Werner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4132 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, in Digest of 1996 OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WGG8.
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1999

D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 24, 43, 89 (1999).

1998

M. J. Werner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4132 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

1993

1991

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, Electron. Lett. 27, 210 (1991); G. Bartolini, R.-D. Li, P. Kumar, W. Riha, and K. V. Reddy, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 202–203.
[CrossRef]

M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 15, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, P. W.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 15, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

Doerr, C. R.

Ficker, J.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hsia, C. H.

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, Electron. Lett. 27, 210 (1991); G. Bartolini, R.-D. Li, P. Kumar, W. Riha, and K. V. Reddy, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 202–203.
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jeong, J. M.

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, Electron. Lett. 27, 210 (1991); G. Bartolini, R.-D. Li, P. Kumar, W. Riha, and K. V. Reddy, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 202–203.
[CrossRef]

Köenig, F.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 24, 43, 89 (1999).

D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, in Digest of 1996 OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WGG8.

Leuchs, G.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Levandovsky, D.

D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 24, 43, 89 (1999).

D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, in Digest of 1996 OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WGG8.

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 15, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, Electron. Lett. 27, 210 (1991); G. Bartolini, R.-D. Li, P. Kumar, W. Riha, and K. V. Reddy, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 202–203.
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

Rosenbluh, M.

M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt, S.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 15, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Shirasaki, M.

Sizmann, A.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

Vasilyev, M.

D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 24, 43, 89 (1999).

D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, in Digest of 1996 OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WGG8.

Werner, M. J.

M. J. Werner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4132 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, M.

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, Electron. Lett. 27, 210 (1991); G. Bartolini, R.-D. Li, P. Kumar, W. Riha, and K. V. Reddy, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 202–203.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 15, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. J. Werner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4132 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt, J. Ficker, M. Wolff, F. Köenig, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2446 (1998); D. Krylov and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 23, 1390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, in Digest of 1996 OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WGG8.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Minimum Fano factor Fmin (F’s) and gain Gmin (G’s) versus Φp for four different values of Φs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup (the lighter curve indicates PM fiber): PBS, polarizing beam splitter; HWP, half-wave plate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Amplified (top) and deamplified (bottom) photocurrent noise normalized by the respective shot-noise level (circles, experimental data; solid lines, theory). The experimental data point accuracy is estimated to be within ±0.2 dB. (b) Fano factors Fmin and Fmax of the output light (circles, experimental data corrected for η=0.44; solid lines, theory) along with the PSA power gains Gmin and Gmax (filled circles, experimental data; dashed lines, theory).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G=cos2Φx+Φp/Φssin2Φx-Φp/Φs sin2Φxsin θ,
F=Sin/GΔ2G+ΔGΔSin+ΔSinΔG+G.
F=ΦsΦpGfp2+Φs2GGΦs+fs2+14G1+ΦsΦpfθ2.

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