Abstract

Passive Q switching of Er:glass lasers has been demonstrated with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorbers. A pulse duration of 50 ns and an output pulse energy of 5 mJ were obtained with both Co:ZnSe and Cr:ZnSe passive shutters. A Q-switched conversion efficiency of as much as 26% was obtained for Cr:ZnSe. Theoretical modeling exhibits satisfactory agreement with experimental data.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 877 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Spariosu, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, T. H. Allik, and J. A. Hutchinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2763 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, and M. Birnbaum, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 454.
  5. R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, M. Birnbaum, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 460.
  6. R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. J. Myers, S. J. Hamlin, J. D. Myers, and Y. Jiang, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 440.
  7. M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.
  8. J. M. Baranovski, J. W. Allen, and C. L. Pearson, Phys. Rev. 160, 627 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Kaminska, J. M. Baranovski, S. M. Uba, and J. T. Vallin, J. Phys. C 12, 2197 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. J. Robinson, P. J. Dean, J. L. Glasper, and S. G. Bishop, Solid State Commun. 36, 61 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y.-K. Kuo, M.-F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y.-K. Kuo, M.-F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. Spariosu, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, T. H. Allik, and J. A. Hutchinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2763 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 877 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

D. J. Robinson, P. J. Dean, J. L. Glasper, and S. G. Bishop, Solid State Commun. 36, 61 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

M. Kaminska, J. M. Baranovski, S. M. Uba, and J. T. Vallin, J. Phys. C 12, 2197 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

J. M. Baranovski, J. W. Allen, and C. L. Pearson, Phys. Rev. 160, 627 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Allen, J. W.

J. M. Baranovski, J. W. Allen, and C. L. Pearson, Phys. Rev. 160, 627 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Allik, T. H.

K. Spariosu, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, T. H. Allik, and J. A. Hutchinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2763 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baranovski, J. M.

M. Kaminska, J. M. Baranovski, S. M. Uba, and J. T. Vallin, J. Phys. C 12, 2197 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Baranovski, J. W. Allen, and C. L. Pearson, Phys. Rev. 160, 627 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

Y.-K. Kuo, M.-F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Spariosu, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, T. H. Allik, and J. A. Hutchinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2763 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, and M. Birnbaum, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 454.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, M. Birnbaum, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 460.

Bishop, S. G.

D. J. Robinson, P. J. Dean, J. L. Glasper, and S. G. Bishop, Solid State Commun. 36, 61 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Camargo, M. B.

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, M. Birnbaum, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 460.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, and M. Birnbaum, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 454.

Dean, P. J.

D. J. Robinson, P. J. Dean, J. L. Glasper, and S. G. Bishop, Solid State Commun. 36, 61 (1980).
[CrossRef]

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B. I.

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 877 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Glasper, J. L.

D. J. Robinson, P. J. Dean, J. L. Glasper, and S. G. Bishop, Solid State Commun. 36, 61 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hamlin, S. J.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. J. Myers, S. J. Hamlin, J. D. Myers, and Y. Jiang, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 440.

Huang, M.-F.

Y.-K. Kuo, M.-F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, J. A.

K. Spariosu, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, T. H. Allik, and J. A. Hutchinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2763 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. J. Myers, S. J. Hamlin, J. D. Myers, and Y. Jiang, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 440.

Kaminska, M.

M. Kaminska, J. M. Baranovski, S. M. Uba, and J. T. Vallin, J. Phys. C 12, 2197 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kokta, M.

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, M. Birnbaum, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 460.

Konstantinov, V. I.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Kuo, M.-F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

Levchenko, V. I.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maksimova, G. V.

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 877 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Myers, J. D.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. J. Myers, S. J. Hamlin, J. D. Myers, and Y. Jiang, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 440.

Myers, M. J.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. J. Myers, S. J. Hamlin, J. D. Myers, and Y. Jiang, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 440.

Osiko, V. V.

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 877 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Page, R. H.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, C. L.

J. M. Baranovski, J. W. Allen, and C. L. Pearson, Phys. Rev. 160, 627 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Postnova, L. I.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rhonehouse, D.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. J. Myers, S. J. Hamlin, J. D. Myers, and Y. Jiang, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 440.

Robinson, D. J.

D. J. Robinson, P. J. Dean, J. L. Glasper, and S. G. Bishop, Solid State Commun. 36, 61 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Spariosu, K.

K. Spariosu, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, T. H. Allik, and J. A. Hutchinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2763 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stultz, R. D.

K. Spariosu, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, T. H. Allik, and J. A. Hutchinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2763 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, and M. Birnbaum, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 454.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, M. Birnbaum, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 460.

Sverchkov, S. E.

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 877 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sverchkov, Yu. E.

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 877 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Uba, S. M.

M. Kaminska, J. M. Baranovski, S. M. Uba, and J. T. Vallin, J. Phys. C 12, 2197 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Unlu, F.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

Vallin, J. T.

M. Kaminska, J. M. Baranovski, S. M. Uba, and J. T. Vallin, J. Phys. C 12, 2197 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wilke, G. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, R.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. J. Myers, S. J. Hamlin, J. D. Myers, and Y. Jiang, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 440.

Yakimovich, V. N.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Spariosu, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, T. H. Allik, and J. A. Hutchinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2763 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y.-K. Kuo, M.-F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. C (1)

M. Kaminska, J. M. Baranovski, S. M. Uba, and J. T. Vallin, J. Phys. C 12, 2197 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. M. Baranovski, J. W. Allen, and C. L. Pearson, Phys. Rev. 160, 627 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

D. J. Robinson, P. J. Dean, J. L. Glasper, and S. G. Bishop, Solid State Commun. 36, 61 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 877 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Denker, G. V. Maksimova, V. V. Osiko, S. E. Sverchkov, and Yu. E. Sverchkov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, and M. Birnbaum, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 454.

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, M. Birnbaum, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 460.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. J. Myers, S. J. Hamlin, J. D. Myers, and Y. Jiang, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 440.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of Co:ZnSe and Cr:ZnSe samples.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Saturation of GSA in Co:ZnSe and Cr:ZnSe. Solid curves, results of calculations with Eq. (1).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Results of Q-Switching of an Er:Glass Laser with Cr:ZnSe and Co:ZnSe Saturable Absorbers

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dEdz=-hν ln1/T0LσGSA1-σESAσGSA1-exp-σGSAEhν+σESAEhν-αE,
dndt=KgNgt-KaNat-1τcnt, dNgdt=-2KgNgtnt, dNadt=-KaNatnt,
n010, Na0=Aa ln T0a/σa, Ng0=1+KaNa0+τc-1/Kg, 0.003,

Metrics