Abstract

We present a theory based on an exact calculation of the radiation forces on a microsized particle illuminated by evanescent waves created under total internal reflection in a flat substrate. The influence of the proximity of this interface to the particle is analyzed by a numerical simulation that addresses multiple scattering of light between the particle and the dielectric flat surface. We thus give an interpretation of the experimental results of Kawata and Sugiura [Opt. Lett. 17, 772 (1992)] and put forward a method that is capable of predicting new effects.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Ashkin, J. Dziedzich, J. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Ashkin, K. Schütze, J. Dziedzich, U. Euteneuer, and M. Schiliwa, Nature 330, 514 (1990).
  4. L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Tanaka and K. Tanaka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 101 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kawata and T. Sugiura, Opt. Lett. 17, 772 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. Almaas and I. Brevik, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2429 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Madrazo and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1298 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Madrazo and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Opt. Lett. 20, 2445 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Madrazo and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 785 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Madrazo and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 618 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Madrazo, R. Carminati, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, and J. J. Greffet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 109 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. L. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941), Chap. 2.
  14. J. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 8, 14 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. J. Cook and R. K. Hill, Opt. Commun. 43, 258 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  16. V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and A. I. Sidorov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2137 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

A. Madrazo and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 618 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (3)

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

A. Ashkin, K. Schütze, J. Dziedzich, U. Euteneuer, and M. Schiliwa, Nature 330, 514 (1990).

1988 (1)

V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and A. I. Sidorov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

1982 (1)

R. J. Cook and R. K. Hill, Opt. Commun. 43, 258 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

J. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 8, 14 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Almaas, E.

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, K. Schütze, J. Dziedzich, U. Euteneuer, and M. Schiliwa, Nature 330, 514 (1990).

A. Ashkin, J. Dziedzich, J. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Balykin, V. I.

V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and A. I. Sidorov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bian, R. X.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J.

Brevik, I.

Carminati, R.

Chu, S.

Cook, R. J.

R. J. Cook and R. K. Hill, Opt. Commun. 43, 258 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzich, J.

A. Ashkin, K. Schütze, J. Dziedzich, U. Euteneuer, and M. Schiliwa, Nature 330, 514 (1990).

A. Ashkin, J. Dziedzich, J. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Euteneuer, U.

A. Ashkin, K. Schütze, J. Dziedzich, U. Euteneuer, and M. Schiliwa, Nature 330, 514 (1990).

Gordon, J.

J. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 8, 14 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Greffet, J. J.

Hill, R. K.

R. J. Cook and R. K. Hill, Opt. Commun. 43, 258 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Letokhov, V. S.

V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and A. I. Sidorov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madrazo, A.

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ovchinnikov, Y. B.

V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and A. I. Sidorov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schiliwa, M.

A. Ashkin, K. Schütze, J. Dziedzich, U. Euteneuer, and M. Schiliwa, Nature 330, 514 (1990).

Schütze, K.

A. Ashkin, K. Schütze, J. Dziedzich, U. Euteneuer, and M. Schiliwa, Nature 330, 514 (1990).

Sidorov, A. I.

V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and A. I. Sidorov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stratton, J. L.

J. L. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941), Chap. 2.

Sugiura, T.

Tanaka, K.

Tanaka, M.

Xie, X. S.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (5)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

A. Ashkin, K. Schütze, J. Dziedzich, U. Euteneuer, and M. Schiliwa, Nature 330, 514 (1990).

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. J. Cook and R. K. Hill, Opt. Commun. 43, 258 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 8, 14 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and A. I. Sidorov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. L. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941), Chap. 2.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Inset, schematic diagram of a particle of radius a situated in an evanscent-field region z>0. The beam is incident from z<0 at an angle of incidence θ0 larger than the critical angle θc. Distribution of electric-field intensity on the cylinder surface C: (a) a=λ at several distances d. Thick (rippled) solid curve, d=λ; dashed curve, d=0.2λ; solid curve near the center, d=0.01λ. (b) a=0.1λ. Solid curve, d=0.1λ; solid curve with circles, d=0.02λ; dotted curve, d=0.01λ; dashed curve, d=0.005λ. (c) a=0.01λ. Solid curve, d0.01λ; solid curve with circles, d=0.002λ; solid curve with squares, d=0.11λ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of the horizontal fx and the vertical fz local forces. (a) Cylinder of radius a=0.1λ at d=0.1λ. (b) Cylinder of radius a=λ at d=0.2λ. Inset, local force distribution on C and the resultant net force F on the cylinder. The angle α is as shown in the inset of Fig. 1(a).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Forces Acting on a Cylinder of Radius aa

Equations (1)

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F=S·T¯ ds=Cε02ReE·nˆE*-ε04E·E*nˆ+μ02ReH·nˆH*-μ04H·H*nˆdl,

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