Abstract

We examine the properties of dispersion-managed (DM) solitons in fiber lines with dispersion-compensation period L much shorter than amplification distance Za. DM solitons in systems with short-scale dispersion compensation have reduced power compared with DM solitons in previously studied regimes with LZa power (for the same local and average dispersion and the same pulse width). As a result, chirped DM soliton transmission with reasonably low power can be realized with shorter pulses when DM solitons in systems with large L/Za ratios have energies that are too high to be used in practice.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1998 (6)

T. Lakoba and D. J. Kaup, Electron. Lett. 34, 1124 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer and P. V. Mamyushev, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, V. K. Mezentsev, and E. G. Shapiro, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, P. Holmes, S. G. Evangelides, and J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 87 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Govan, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 23, 1523 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Georges, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

1996 (3)

1995 (1)

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga, and S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 31, 2027 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Abramov, A.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Akiba, S.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga, and S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 31, 2027 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Blow, K. J.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Corbett, P.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Darcie, J.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Davidson, C.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Doran, N. J.

D. S. Govan, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 23, 1523 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Edagawa, N.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga, and S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 31, 2027 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Evangelides, S.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Evangelides, S. G.

Evans, A. F.

A. F. Evans, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 22.

Forysiak, W.

Gabitov, I.

Georges, T.

Golovchenko, E.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gordon, J. P.

Govan, D. S.

Hasegawa, A.

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, P.

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, Optical Communications IIIa (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997).

Kath, W. L.

Kaup, D. J.

T. Lakoba and D. J. Kaup, Electron. Lett. 34, 1124 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kidorf, H.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Knox, F. M.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, Optical Communications IIIa (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997).

Kodama, Y.

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

Lakoba, T.

T. Lakoba and D. J. Kaup, Electron. Lett. 34, 1124 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ma, M.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Mamyushev, P. V.

L. F. Mollenauer and P. V. Mamyushev, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maruta, A.

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, M.

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Menges, R.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mezentsev, V. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, V. K. Mezentsev, and E. G. Shapiro, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mils, M.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer and P. V. Mamyushev, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morita, I.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga, and S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 31, 2027 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peckham, D.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Pedersen, B.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Pilipetskii, A.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Rottwitt, K.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Shapiro, E. G.

S. K. Turitsyn, V. K. Mezentsev, and E. G. Shapiro, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, N.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga, and S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 31, 2027 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taga, H.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga, and S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 31, 2027 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, V. K. Mezentsev, and E. G. Shapiro, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Gabitov and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 21, 327 (1996); JETP Lett. 63, 862 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A.

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

Wabnitz, S.

Yamamoto, S.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga, and S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 31, 2027 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.-S.

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga, and S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 31, 2027 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Lakoba and D. J. Kaup, Electron. Lett. 34, 1124 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer and P. V. Mamyushev, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

S. K. Turitsyn, V. K. Mezentsev, and E. G. Shapiro, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (3)

I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, Optical Communications IIIa (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997).

N. S. Bergano, C. Davidson, M. Ma, A. Pilipetskii, S. Evangelides, H. Kidorf, J. Darcie, E. Golovchenko, K. Rottwitt, P. Corbett, R. Menges, M. Mils, B. Pedersen, D. Peckham, A. Abramov, and A. Vengsarkar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD12-1.

A. F. Evans, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 22.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Evolution of the soliton’s peak power (top right), chirp (bottom left) and full width at half-maximum (bottom right) along one section for a transmission system with a short-scale dispersion map (top left). Amplification distance, 40 km; dispersion-compensation period, 4 km.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of a DM soliton over one compensation period (top) shown on a normal scale and over many periods (bottom) plotted on a logarithmic scale. Same system parameters as in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of DM soliton peak power on the pulse width at the beginning of the compensation section z=0 for six ratios of dispersion period L=MZa to amplification distance Za. The true DM soliton was found numerically (for M=0.1).

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