Abstract

An 80-Gbit/s soliton can be transmitted over a cross-Pacific distance in a dense periodic fiber, even in the presence of higher-order effects. Such a dense dispersion-managed soliton is generally more stable and faces fewer mutual interactions than a conventional dispersion-managed soliton.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. H. Liang, Appl. Opt. 36, 3793 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. H. Liang and A. Hasegawa presented a proposal entitled “Soliton propagation in dense periodical fibers” to the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science on April 1, 1996.
  4. J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, and W. Forysiak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 268.
  5. T. Yu, E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 22, 793 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. A. Malomed, Opt. Lett. 23, 1250 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Matsumoto, H. Kurokawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Hasegawa, Opt. Commun. 155, 28 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Hasegawa and Y. Kodama, Solitons in Optical Communications (Oxford University, New York, 1995).
  9. K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1301 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. H. Liang, H. K. Tsang, and L. Y. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2064 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 157 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. J. Doran, 1998 European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), p. 97.
  14. A. H. Liang, H. Toda, and A. Hasegawa, “Dense periodic fibers with ultralow four-wave mixing over a broad wavelength range,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

1998 (2)

B. A. Malomed, Opt. Lett. 23, 1250 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Matsumoto, H. Kurokawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Hasegawa, Opt. Commun. 155, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Liang, Appl. Opt. 36, 3793 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yu, E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 22, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. H. Liang, H. K. Tsang, and L. Y. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2064 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

Chan, L. Y.

A. H. Liang, H. K. Tsang, and L. Y. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2064 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and D. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1301 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran, 1998 European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), p. 97.

J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, and W. Forysiak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 268.

Forysiak, W.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, and W. Forysiak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 268.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

M. Matsumoto, H. Kurokawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Hasegawa, Opt. Commun. 155, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Liang, H. Toda, and A. Hasegawa, “Dense periodic fibers with ultralow four-wave mixing over a broad wavelength range,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

A. Hasegawa and Y. Kodama, Solitons in Optical Communications (Oxford University, New York, 1995).

A. H. Liang and A. Hasegawa presented a proposal entitled “Soliton propagation in dense periodical fibers” to the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science on April 1, 1996.

Islam, M. N.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Knox, F. M.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, Y.

M. Matsumoto, H. Kurokawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Hasegawa, Opt. Commun. 155, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Hasegawa and Y. Kodama, Solitons in Optical Communications (Oxford University, New York, 1995).

Kurokawa, H.

M. Matsumoto, H. Kurokawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Hasegawa, Opt. Commun. 155, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liang, A. H.

A. H. Liang, Appl. Opt. 36, 3793 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. Liang, H. K. Tsang, and L. Y. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2064 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Liang and A. Hasegawa presented a proposal entitled “Soliton propagation in dense periodical fibers” to the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science on April 1, 1996.

A. H. Liang, H. Toda, and A. Hasegawa, “Dense periodic fibers with ultralow four-wave mixing over a broad wavelength range,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Malomed, B. A.

Maruta, A.

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, M.

M. Matsumoto, H. Kurokawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Hasegawa, Opt. Commun. 155, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nijhof, J. H. B.

J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, and W. Forysiak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 268.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Smith, N. J.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

A. H. Liang, H. Toda, and A. Hasegawa, “Dense periodic fibers with ultralow four-wave mixing over a broad wavelength range,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Tsang, H. K.

A. H. Liang, H. K. Tsang, and L. Y. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2064 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

Yu, T.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. H. Liang, H. K. Tsang, and L. Y. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2064 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Matsumoto, H. Kurokawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Hasegawa, Opt. Commun. 155, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (5)

A. H. Liang and A. Hasegawa presented a proposal entitled “Soliton propagation in dense periodical fibers” to the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science on April 1, 1996.

J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, and W. Forysiak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 268.

A. Hasegawa and Y. Kodama, Solitons in Optical Communications (Oxford University, New York, 1995).

N. J. Doran, 1998 European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), p. 97.

A. H. Liang, H. Toda, and A. Hasegawa, “Dense periodic fibers with ultralow four-wave mixing over a broad wavelength range,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dispersion map of DPF; zA=nzp for a DDMS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission of a pair of DDMS’s over 9000  km in DPF without filters, where zA=40 km, n=9, α=0.2 dB/km, D1=-D2=2.5 ps/km/nm, Dave=0.01 ps/km/nm, γ=2.594 rad/W/km, S1=-S2=0.07 ps/km/nm2, TR=3 fs, tFWHM=2.93 ps, and Δfrms=64.1 GHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission of a pair of DDMS’s over 9000  km in a DPF with filters, where tFWHM=2.73 ps, Ωf=3.97 ps-1, Δfrms=71.0 GHz, and Δg=0.316 Mm-1. All other parameters are the same as in Fig.  2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission of a pair of higher-power DDMS’s over 9000  km in a DPF with filters, where Dave=0.02 ps/km/nm, tFWHM=2.65 ps, Ωf=4.00 THz, Δfrms=71.5 GHz, and all other parameters are the same as in Fig.  3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission of a pair of DDMS’s over 9000  km in imperfectly slope-compensated DPF’s with filters, where S2=-0.075 ps/km/nm2, tFWHM=2.73 ps, Ωf=3.97 ps-1, Δfrms=71.1 GHz, and all other parameters are the same as in Fig.  3.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission of a pair of DMS’s with low dispersion but similar dispersion strength s (without filters), where n=1, D1=-D2=0.26 ps/km/nm, tFWHM=2.96 ps, Δfrms=69.0 GHz, and all other parameters are the same as in Fig.  2.

Equations (1)

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uZ=idZ22uT2+ia12Zu2u+δu+β2uT2+β1Z3uT3-ia12ZTRT0uu2T,

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