Abstract

Dispersion precompensation with a prism sequence and a third-order dispersion mirror resulted in negligible broadening of sub-10-fs pulses at subwavelength spot sizes when the pulses were focused with microscope objectives and moderate apertures. At larger apertures, lens chromaticity and spherical aberration led to an effective pulse broadening of up to 1.3×, depending on the aperture size and the detector position. The data suggest that intensities exceeding 1014 W/cm2 can be produced directly from femtosecond pulse oscillators.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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M. Mueller, J. Squier, R. Wollenschensky, U. Simon, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 141 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Xozulia, and T. S. Clement, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 306 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, K. Ferencz, and S. Takano, Opt. Lett. 23, 789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Fittinghoff, J. Squier, C. Barty, J. N. Sweetser, R. Trebino, and M. Mueller, Opt. Lett. 23, 1046 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

1996 (1)

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 126, 185 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipocs, Opt. Lett. 20, 1995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2467 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

1993 (2)

1989 (2)

Barty, C.

Batuska, A.

Bernstein, A.

Bor, Z.

Brakenhoff, G. J.

M. Mueller, J. Squier, R. Wollenschensky, U. Simon, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 141 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cheriaux, G.

Christov, I.

Clement, T. S.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Xozulia, and T. S. Clement, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 306 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Xozulia, and T. S. Clement, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 306 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J. C.

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).

Eaton, H. K.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Xozulia, and T. S. Clement, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 306 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

Fittinghoff, D.

Gogolak, Z.

Guild, J. B.

Huang, C. P.

Joffre, M.

Jung, I.

Kapetyn, H. C.

Kartner, F.

Keller, U.

Kempe, M.

M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Nonlinear Opt. 7, 129 (1994).

M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Opt. Lett. 18, 137 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasinski, J. S.

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 126, 185 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, K. Ferencz, and S. Takano, Opt. Lett. 23, 789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipocs, Opt. Lett. 20, 1995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

La Grone, M. J.

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 126, 185 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipocs, Opt. Lett. 20, 1995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lepetit, L.

Lester, L.

Matuschek, N.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Mueller, M.

M. Mueller, J. Squier, R. Wollenschensky, U. Simon, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 141 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Fittinghoff, J. Squier, C. Barty, J. N. Sweetser, R. Trebino, and M. Mueller, Opt. Lett. 23, 1046 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Radzewicz, C.

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 126, 185 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

W. Rudolph, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. Bernstein, and L. Lester, Opt. Lett. 22, 313 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Nonlinear Opt. 7, 129 (1994).

M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Opt. Lett. 18, 137 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).

Scheuer, V.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Simon, U.

M. Mueller, J. Squier, R. Wollenschensky, U. Simon, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 141 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, K. Ferencz, and S. Takano, Opt. Lett. 23, 789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipocs, Opt. Lett. 20, 1995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

M. Mueller, J. Squier, R. Wollenschensky, U. Simon, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 141 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Fittinghoff, J. Squier, C. Barty, J. N. Sweetser, R. Trebino, and M. Mueller, Opt. Lett. 23, 1046 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stingl, A.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, K. Ferencz, and S. Takano, Opt. Lett. 23, 789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipocs, Opt. Lett. 20, 1995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D.

Sweetser, J. N.

Szabo, G.

Szipocs, R.

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipocs, Opt. Lett. 20, 1995 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taft, G.

Takano, S.

Tempea, G.

Tilsch, M.

Trebino, R.

Tschudi, T.

Webb, W. W.

Wei, Z.

Wiersma, D. A.

Wollenschensky, R.

M. Mueller, J. Squier, R. Wollenschensky, U. Simon, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 141 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xozulia, A. A.

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Xozulia, and T. S. Clement, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 306 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Xu, L.

Zhang, G.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Xozulia, and T. S. Clement, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 306 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (Oxford) (1)

M. Mueller, J. Squier, R. Wollenschensky, U. Simon, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 141 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nonlinear Opt. (1)

M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Nonlinear Opt. 7, 129 (1994).

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 126, 185 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (10)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup to measure the radius-dependent dispersion characteristics of microscope objectives by use of spectral interferometry.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Group delay for the 100× and the 20× objectives as a function of the normalized aperture coordinate r. The solid curve describes the GD calculated from Eq.  (1) for the 20× objective. The inset shows the GDD for the 100× objective versus r.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fringe-resolved autocorrelation obtained with a 100×/0.85 objective for an illuminated relative aperture of r0.4.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fringe-resolved autocorrelation obtained with a 100×/0.85 objective with a ring-shaped obstruction in the entrance pupil plane. Only the central and the outermost parts of the beam contributed to the signal. The inset shows a theoretical ACF for a pulse pair, Et=cosh-11.76t-Δtτ1+qcosh-11.76t/τ2expibt2, where τ1=10 fs, τ2=12.3 fs, Δt=23 fs, q=0.4, and b=0.063 fs-2.

Equations (3)

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τr=-λ02cNA21-NA2dfdλr2,
Snd3rdtEnr,t2=P0nVn
Φr,ω=ωΔt-φr,ω,

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