Abstract

We report studies of a novel microcavity system that combines a semiconductor quantum well with a fused-silica microsphere. We show that excitonic photoluminescence from the quantum well couples efficiently into whispering-gallery modes. Using a resonant light-scattering technique, we demonstrate that the Q factor of the combined system exceeds 105. Our studies also point to the necessity of using semiconductor nanostructures with a capping layer no more than a few nanometers thick.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Serguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Q factors approaching 108 have been observed when the prism is sufficiently far from the sphere and are limited by the spectral linewidth of the tunable diode laser used in our study.
  9. H. F. Hess, E. Betzig, T. D. Harris, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Science 264, 1740 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. See, for example, H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. A 33, 3262 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. C. Andreani and A. Pasquarello, Phys. Rev. B 42, 8928 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Appl. Chem. 100, 468 (1996).

1999 (1)

M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Appl. Chem. 100, 468 (1996).

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

H. F. Hess, E. Betzig, T. D. Harris, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Science 264, 1740 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Serguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

L. C. Andreani and A. Pasquarello, Phys. Rev. B 42, 8928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

See, for example, H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. A 33, 3262 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreani, L. C.

L. C. Andreani and A. Pasquarello, Phys. Rev. B 42, 8928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Betzig, E.

H. F. Hess, E. Betzig, T. D. Harris, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Science 264, 1740 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braginsky, V. B.

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brune, M.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Serguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Carmichael, H. J.

See, for example, H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. A 33, 3262 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Collot, L.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Serguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Doran, A.

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, A.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Georgiades, N. Ph.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Guyot-Sionnest, P.

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Appl. Chem. 100, 468 (1996).

Hare, J.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Serguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Harris, T. D.

H. F. Hess, E. Betzig, T. D. Harris, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Science 264, 1740 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hess, H. F.

H. F. Hess, E. Betzig, T. D. Harris, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Science 264, 1740 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hines, M. A.

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Appl. Chem. 100, 468 (1996).

Ilchenko, V. S.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Serguin, V.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Serguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moerner, W. E.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Norris, D. J.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pasquarello, A.

L. C. Andreani and A. Pasquarello, Phys. Rev. B 42, 8928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pelton, M.

M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, L. N.

H. F. Hess, E. Betzig, T. D. Harris, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Science 264, 1740 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raimond, J. M.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Serguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, J.-M.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Treussart, F.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vernooy, D. W.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998).
[CrossRef]

West, K. W.

H. F. Hess, E. Betzig, T. D. Harris, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Science 264, 1740 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Serguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Chem. (1)

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Appl. Chem. 100, 468 (1996).

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. A 33, 3262 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

L. C. Andreani and A. Pasquarello, Phys. Rev. B 42, 8928 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. F. Hess, E. Betzig, T. D. Harris, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Science 264, 1740 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Q factors approaching 108 have been observed when the prism is sufficiently far from the sphere and are limited by the spectral linewidth of the tunable diode laser used in our study.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: the prism is mounted upon a piezoelectric translation stage (PTS).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Uncoupled and (b), (c) coupled PL spectra at 10  K. 1Å=0.1 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Resonant light-scattering spectra at room tem-perature (top curve) in the absence or (bottom curve) in the presence of a QW sample.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Reflection spectrum of a single GaAs QW at 10  K. (b) Resonant light-scattering spectrum of the combined microsphere–QW system.

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g=e2Sf/4mϵV1/2exp-r/r0,

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