Abstract

Self-starting operation of a self-conjugating loop oscillator is achieved, for the first time to our knowledge, by use of an optically induced thermal hologram in a nonsaturable absorbing medium. Self-Q-switched single-longitudinal-mode pulses of 12-ns duration are obtained in a near-diffraction-limited spatial mode and with an output energy of >250 mJ. Good correction of intracavity phase distortions is obtained, as well as good extraction efficiency in the laser mode volume. It is shown that one has to set an additional nonreciprocal phase-shift element in the loop to ensure resonant operation of the system.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 19, 393 (1994).
    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. Damzen, S. Camacho-López, and R. P. M. Green, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2894 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, E. A. Zhukov, O. V. Mitroplo’sky, and N. Yu. Rusov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 360 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. A. Betin and M. S. Mangir, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 448.
  8. D. Udaiyan, R. P. M. Green, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1766 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Minassian, G. J. Crofts, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 22, 697 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. J. Soan, M. J. Damzen, V. Aboites, and M. H. R. Hutchinson, Opt. Lett. 19, 783 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings, Vol. 50 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 84.
  12. R. C. Wazst, D. R. Lide, M. J. Astle, and W. H. Beyer, eds., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 70th ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1989).

1997 (2)

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Minassian, G. J. Crofts, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 22, 697 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

M. J. Damzen, S. Camacho-López, and R. P. M. Green, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2894 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Udaiyan, R. P. M. Green, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1766 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

1989 (1)

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, E. A. Zhukov, O. V. Mitroplo’sky, and N. Yu. Rusov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aboites, V.

Bespalov, V. I.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, E. A. Zhukov, O. V. Mitroplo’sky, and N. Yu. Rusov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Betin, A. A.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, E. A. Zhukov, O. V. Mitroplo’sky, and N. Yu. Rusov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Betin and M. S. Mangir, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 448.

Brignon, A.

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Brignon and J. P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 110, 717 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Camacho-López, S.

M. J. Damzen, S. Camacho-López, and R. P. M. Green, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2894 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crofts, G. J.

Damzen, M. J.

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings, Vol. 50 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 84.

Green, R. P. M.

Günter, P.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings, Vol. 50 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 84.

Huignard, J. P.

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Brignon and J. P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 110, 717 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

Kim, D. H.

Mangir, M. S.

A. A. Betin and M. S. Mangir, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 448.

Minassian, A.

Mitroplo’sky, O. V.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, E. A. Zhukov, O. V. Mitroplo’sky, and N. Yu. Rusov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D. W.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings, Vol. 50 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 84.

Rusov, N. Yu.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, E. A. Zhukov, O. V. Mitroplo’sky, and N. Yu. Rusov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sillard, P.

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Soan, P. J.

Tomita, A.

A. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Udaiyan, D.

Zhukov, E. A.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, E. A. Zhukov, O. V. Mitroplo’sky, and N. Yu. Rusov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, E. A. Zhukov, O. V. Mitroplo’sky, and N. Yu. Rusov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Brignon and J. P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 110, 717 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. J. Damzen, S. Camacho-López, and R. P. M. Green, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2894 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. A. Betin and M. S. Mangir, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 448.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings, Vol. 50 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 84.

R. C. Wazst, D. R. Lide, M. J. Astle, and W. H. Beyer, eds., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 70th ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1989).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the self-starting loop cavity with an optically induced thermal hologram.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Self-Q-switched output pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Three-dimensional spatial plots that show correction of intracavity phase distortions: (a) output intensity beam profile when no phase plate is present in the loop, (b) intensity profile of beam A3 after it is passed through the phase plate, (c) corrected output intensity beam profile when the phase plate is present in the loop.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fabry–Perot interference fringes of the output radiation. The Fabry–Perot etalon had a free spectral range of 10  GHz and a finesse of 7. The spectrum is limited by the Fabry–Perot resolution 1.4 GHz.

Equations (1)

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dTr,tdt=χT2Tr,t+αIaIbρCPcosq·r,

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