Abstract

We demonstrate two new approaches to broad-range tuning of fiber Bragg grating devices: amplified thermal tuning and programmable magnetic tuning. The thermal-strain tuning approach employs a novel configuration to amplify thermally induced wavelength shifts by use of a negative thermal-expansion component. The magnetic-strain tuning approach allows programmable and latchable wavelength shifts through magnetic interactions that induce controlled strain on the fiber grating. The advantages and disadvantages of these two techniques are contrasted.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. Bhatia and A. M. Vengsarkar, Opt. Lett. 21, 692 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 120.
  4. H. Mavoori and S. Jin, J. Metals Mater. Soc. 50, 70 (1998).
  5. S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. DeMarco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. W. Yoffe, P. A. Krug, F. Ouellette, and D. A. Thorncraft, Appl. Opt. 34, 6859 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

H. Mavoori and S. Jin, J. Metals Mater. Soc. 50, 70 (1998).

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. DeMarco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

Andres, M. V.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, V.

Cruz, J. L.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delevaque, E.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 120.

DeMarco, J. J.

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. DeMarco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Diez, A.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Espindola, R. P.

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. DeMarco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Georges, T.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 120.

Jin, S.

H. Mavoori and S. Jin, J. Metals Mater. Soc. 50, 70 (1998).

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. DeMarco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krug, P. A.

Mavoori, H.

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. DeMarco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Mavoori and S. Jin, J. Metals Mater. Soc. 50, 70 (1998).

Monerie, M.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 120.

Ortega, B.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

Poignant, H.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 120.

Quetel, L.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 120.

Rivoallan, L.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 120.

Segura, A.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T. A.

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. DeMarco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thorncraft, D. A.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Yoffe, G. W.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. DeMarco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Metals Mater. Soc. (1)

H. Mavoori and S. Jin, J. Metals Mater. Soc. 50, 70 (1998).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 120.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Enhanced thermal-tuning device configuration with a negative CTE component. OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wavelength shift versus temperature plot, showing a significant enhancement of the temperature sensitivity of wavelength by use of a negative CTE component.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Compact thermal-tuning design with lengthwise bonding of grating to a giant thermal-expansion material.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Schematic illustration of the magnetically reconfigurable FBG. (b) Transmission spectra showing broad-range, latchable wavelength tuning by more than 15 nm through magnetic straining.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission spectra showing programmed wavelength shifts in steps of 0.8  nm, obtained by use of (a) enhanced thermal tuning and (b) magnetic tuning.

Metrics