Abstract

We describe a technique for making single-pass measurements of the wave-front aberration of the eye. The technique utilizes the natural fluorescence of the retina that is produced by lipofuscin to form an incoherent pointlike source for conventional Shack–Hartmann sensing.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  4. P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and D. R. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 195 (1995).
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  5. H. J. Hofer, J. Porter, and D. R. Williams, presented at the 1998 Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., May 10–15, 1998.
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1995 (3)

1992 (1)

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

G. A. Tyler and D. L. Fired, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 72, 804 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Angel, J. R. P.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

Arend, O.

F. C. Delori, C. K. Dorey, G. Staurenghi, O. Arend, D. G. Goger, and J. J. Weiter, Invest. Ophthalmol. 36, 718 (1995).

Artal, P.

Beletic, J. W.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

Carter, B. J.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

Charman, N.

Dainty, J. C.

Delori, F. C.

F. C. Delori, C. K. Dorey, G. Staurenghi, O. Arend, D. G. Goger, and J. J. Weiter, Invest. Ophthalmol. 36, 718 (1995).

Dorey, C. K.

F. C. Delori, C. K. Dorey, G. Staurenghi, O. Arend, D. G. Goger, and J. J. Weiter, Invest. Ophthalmol. 36, 718 (1995).

Fante, R. L.

Fired, D. L.

G. A. Tyler and D. L. Fired, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 72, 804 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Goger, D. G.

F. C. Delori, C. K. Dorey, G. Staurenghi, O. Arend, D. G. Goger, and J. J. Weiter, Invest. Ophthalmol. 36, 718 (1995).

Green, D. G.

Hofer, H. J.

H. J. Hofer, J. Porter, and D. R. Williams, presented at the 1998 Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., May 10–15, 1998.

Howland, H. C.

Iglesias, I.

Jacobsen, B. P.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

Kibblewhite, E. J.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

Lloyd-Hart, M.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

López-Gil, N.

Marcos, S.

Navarro, R.

Porter, J.

H. J. Hofer, J. Porter, and D. R. Williams, presented at the 1998 Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., May 10–15, 1998.

Solomon, C. J.

Staurenghi, G.

F. C. Delori, C. K. Dorey, G. Staurenghi, O. Arend, D. G. Goger, and J. J. Weiter, Invest. Ophthalmol. 36, 718 (1995).

Tyler, G. A.

G. A. Tyler and D. L. Fired, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 72, 804 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Tyson, R. K.

R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991).

Walsh, G.

Weiter, J. J.

F. C. Delori, C. K. Dorey, G. Staurenghi, O. Arend, D. G. Goger, and J. J. Weiter, Invest. Ophthalmol. 36, 718 (1995).

Wild, W. J.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

Williams, D. R.

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and D. R. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 195 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Hofer, J. Porter, and D. R. Williams, presented at the 1998 Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., May 10–15, 1998.

Wittman, D. M.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

Invest. Ophthalmol. (1)

F. C. Delori, C. K. Dorey, G. Staurenghi, O. Arend, D. G. Goger, and J. J. Weiter, Invest. Ophthalmol. 36, 718 (1995).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (6)

Other (4)

British Standards Institution, “British standard BS EN 60825:?1992 radiation safety of laser products, equipment classification, requirements and user's guide” (British Standards Institution, London, 1992).

R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991).

H. J. Hofer, J. Porter, and D. R. Williams, presented at the 1998 Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., May 10–15, 1998.

B. J. Carter, J. R. P. Angel, E. J. Kibblewhite, W. J. Wild, D. M. Wittman, M. Lloyd-Hart, B. P. Jacobsen, and J. W. Beletic, in Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin and J. M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993), pp. 205–210.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Retinal autofluorescence light spectrum as detected by the CCD array. The axes are labeled in pixels. (b) One-dimensional scanning of the retinal autofluorescence light spectrum.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup used to measure the wave-front aberration of the human eye.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Array of Shack–Hartmann spots obtained from retinal autofluorescence for an exposure time of 0.25  s. (b) Wave-front reconstruction from Shack–Hartmann data. Subject LD.

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