Abstract

A theoretical investigation of a novel type of optical fiber is presented. The operation of the fiber relies entirely on wave guidance through the photonic bandgap effect and not on total internal reflection, thereby distinguishing that fiber from all other known fibers, including recently studied photonic crystal fibers. The novel fiber has a central low-index core region and a cladding consisting of a silica background material with air holes situated within a honeycomb lattice structure. We show the existence of photonic bandgaps for the silica–air cladding structure and demonstrate how light can be guided at the central low-index core region for a well-defined frequency that falls inside the photonic bandgap region of the cladding structure.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 283 (1993).
  2. J. D. Joannopoulos, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N. J., 1995).
  3. T. F. Krauss and R. M. DelaRue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).
  4. A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
  5. R. W. Ziolkowski, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 4 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. ITuA2.
  6. T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).
  7. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 748 (1998).
  8. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
  9. A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, and K. Dridi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.
  10. A. Barra, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 627 (1998).
  11. P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969 (1992).
  12. J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 156, 240 (1998).
  13. K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3152 (1990).
  14. A. Bjarklev, Optical Fiber Amplifiers: Design and System Application (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1993).

1998

A. Barra, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 627 (1998).

J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 156, 240 (1998).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 748 (1998).

1997

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).

T. F. Krauss and R. M. DelaRue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).

1996

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).

1995

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).

J. D. Joannopoulos, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N. J., 1995).

1993

E. Yablonovitch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 283 (1993).

A. Bjarklev, Optical Fiber Amplifiers: Design and System Application (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1993).

1992

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969 (1992).

1990

K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3152 (1990).

Atkin, D. M.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).

Barkou, S. E.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, and K. Dridi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 156, 240 (1998).

Barra, A.

A. Barra, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 627 (1998).

Birks, T. A.

J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 156, 240 (1998).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 748 (1998).

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).

Bjarklev, A.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, and K. Dridi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 156, 240 (1998).

A. Bjarklev, Optical Fiber Amplifiers: Design and System Application (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1993).

Broeng, J.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, and K. Dridi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 156, 240 (1998).

Cassagne, D.

A. Barra, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 627 (1998).

Chan, C. T.

K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3152 (1990).

Chen, J. C.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).

DelaRue, R. M.

T. F. Krauss and R. M. DelaRue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).

Dridi, K.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, and K. Dridi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Fan, S.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).

Ho, K. M.

K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3152 (1990).

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).

J. D. Joannopoulos, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N. J., 1995).

Jouanin, C.

A. Barra, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 627 (1998).

Knight, J. C.

Krauss, T. F.

T. F. Krauss and R. M. DelaRue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).

Kurland, I.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).

Meade, R. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N. J., 1995).

Mekis, A.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).

Piche, M.

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969 (1992).

Roberts, P. J.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).

Russell, P. St. J.

J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 156, 240 (1998).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 748 (1998).

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).

Sandro, J. P.

Shepherd, T. J.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).

Soukoulis, C. M.

K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3152 (1990).

Villeneuve, P. R.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969 (1992).

Winn, J. N.

J. D. Joannopoulos, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N. J., 1995).

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 283 (1993).

Ziolkowski, R. W.

R. W. Ziolkowski, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 4 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. ITuA2.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Barra, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 627 (1998).

Electron. Lett.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. F. Krauss and R. M. DelaRue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

E. Yablonovitch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 283 (1993).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Commun.

J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 156, 240 (1998).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969 (1992).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).

K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3152 (1990).

Vol. 4 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series

R. W. Ziolkowski, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 4 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. ITuA2.

Other

J. D. Joannopoulos, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N. J., 1995).

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, and K. Dridi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

A. Bjarklev, Optical Fiber Amplifiers: Design and System Application (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1993).

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