Abstract

We generated pulsed quadrature-squeezed light by cross-phase modulation in single-crystal hexagonal CdSe at wavelengths of 1.4 to 1.55 µm. We measured 0.4-dB squeezing (0.7  dB is inferred at the crystal) with 100-fs laser pulses. The wavelength and the intensity dependence, as well as variations in the local oscillator configuration, are examined. At higher intensities squeezing is shown to deteriorate owing to competing nonlinear processes.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. See, for example, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rep. 219, 227 (1992); E. Giacobino and C. Fabre, eds., special issue on quantum noise reduction in optical systems–experiments, Appl. Phys. B 55, 189–303 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. M. Fox, J. J. Baumberg, M. Dabbicco, B. Huttner, and J. F. Ryan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1728 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. M. Fox, M. Dabbicco, G. von Plessen, and J. F. Ryan, Opt. Lett. 20, 2523 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, Nature (London) 365, 307 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Madelung, ed., New Series, Vol. III 17b, Landolt-Börnstein Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982).
  9. R. G. Ispasoiu, G.-M. Schucan, E. D. O’Sullivan, A. M. Fox, and J. F. Ryan, “Interferometric autocorrelation measurements of ultrafast two-photon nonlinearities in CdSe,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, San Francisco, May 3–8, 1998.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1997

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Anderson, D. F. McAlister, M. G. Raymer, and M. C. Gupta, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3180 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. H. Shapiro and L. Boivin, Opt. Lett. 20, 925 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Fox, M. Dabbicco, G. von Plessen, and J. F. Ryan, Opt. Lett. 20, 2523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Fox, J. J. Baumberg, M. Dabbicco, B. Huttner, and J. F. Ryan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1728 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Hutchings and B. S. Wherrett, Phys. Rev. B 52, 8150 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, Nature (London) 365, 307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

See, for example, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rep. 219, 227 (1992); E. Giacobino and C. Fabre, eds., special issue on quantum noise reduction in optical systems–experiments, Appl. Phys. B 55, 189–303 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

R. E. Slusher and B. Yurke, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 466 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1985

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, M. E.

Baumberg, J. J.

A. M. Fox, J. J. Baumberg, M. Dabbicco, B. Huttner, and J. F. Ryan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1728 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Böhm, M.

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boivin, L.

Burk, M.

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dabbicco, M.

A. M. Fox, J. J. Baumberg, M. Dabbicco, B. Huttner, and J. F. Ryan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1728 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Fox, M. Dabbicco, G. von Plessen, and J. F. Ryan, Opt. Lett. 20, 2523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dougherty, D. J.

Drummond, P. D.

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, Nature (London) 365, 307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fox, A. M.

A. M. Fox, M. Dabbicco, G. von Plessen, and J. F. Ryan, Opt. Lett. 20, 2523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Fox, J. J. Baumberg, M. Dabbicco, B. Huttner, and J. F. Ryan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1728 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. G. Ispasoiu, G.-M. Schucan, E. D. O’Sullivan, A. M. Fox, and J. F. Ryan, “Interferometric autocorrelation measurements of ultrafast two-photon nonlinearities in CdSe,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, San Francisco, May 3–8, 1998.

Friberg, S. R.

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, Nature (London) 365, 307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, M. C.

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hollberg, L. W.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hutchings, D.

D. Hutchings and B. S. Wherrett, Phys. Rev. B 52, 8150 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hutchings, D. C.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huttner, B.

A. M. Fox, J. J. Baumberg, M. Dabbicco, B. Huttner, and J. F. Ryan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1728 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Ispasoiu, R. G.

R. G. Ispasoiu, G.-M. Schucan, E. D. O’Sullivan, A. M. Fox, and J. F. Ryan, “Interferometric autocorrelation measurements of ultrafast two-photon nonlinearities in CdSe,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, San Francisco, May 3–8, 1998.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, C.

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

See, for example, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rep. 219, 227 (1992); E. Giacobino and C. Fabre, eds., special issue on quantum noise reduction in optical systems–experiments, Appl. Phys. B 55, 189–303 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McAlister, D. F.

Mertz, J. C.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Sullivan, E. D.

R. G. Ispasoiu, G.-M. Schucan, E. D. O’Sullivan, A. M. Fox, and J. F. Ryan, “Interferometric autocorrelation measurements of ultrafast two-photon nonlinearities in CdSe,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, San Francisco, May 3–8, 1998.

Raymer, M. G.

Rosenbluh, M.

M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryan, J. F.

A. M. Fox, M. Dabbicco, G. von Plessen, and J. F. Ryan, Opt. Lett. 20, 2523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Fox, J. J. Baumberg, M. Dabbicco, B. Huttner, and J. F. Ryan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1728 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. G. Ispasoiu, G.-M. Schucan, E. D. O’Sullivan, A. M. Fox, and J. F. Ryan, “Interferometric autocorrelation measurements of ultrafast two-photon nonlinearities in CdSe,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, San Francisco, May 3–8, 1998.

Schucan, G.-M.

R. G. Ispasoiu, G.-M. Schucan, E. D. O’Sullivan, A. M. Fox, and J. F. Ryan, “Interferometric autocorrelation measurements of ultrafast two-photon nonlinearities in CdSe,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, San Francisco, May 3–8, 1998.

Shapiro, J. H.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, Nature (London) 365, 307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sizmann, A.

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

R. E. Slusher and B. Yurke, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 466 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spälter, S.

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strössner, U.

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Valley, J. F.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

von Plessen, G.

Wherrett, B. S.

D. Hutchings and B. S. Wherrett, Phys. Rev. B 52, 8150 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, Nature (London) 365, 307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yurke, B.

R. E. Slusher and B. Yurke, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 466 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Europhys. Lett.

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strössner, M. Böhm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. E. Slusher and B. Yurke, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 466 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature (London)

P. D. Drummond, R. M. Shelby, S. R. Friberg, and Y. Yamamoto, Nature (London) 365, 307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rep.

See, for example, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rep. 219, 227 (1992); E. Giacobino and C. Fabre, eds., special issue on quantum noise reduction in optical systems–experiments, Appl. Phys. B 55, 189–303 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

D. Hutchings and B. S. Wherrett, Phys. Rev. B 52, 8150 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Fox, J. J. Baumberg, M. Dabbicco, B. Huttner, and J. F. Ryan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1728 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

O. Madelung, ed., New Series, Vol. III 17b, Landolt-Börnstein Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982).

R. G. Ispasoiu, G.-M. Schucan, E. D. O’Sullivan, A. M. Fox, and J. F. Ryan, “Interferometric autocorrelation measurements of ultrafast two-photon nonlinearities in CdSe,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, San Francisco, May 3–8, 1998.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Frequency dependence of the LO noise power and the squeezed light signal from 10 to 55  MHz with 3-MHz resolution. The peak pump intensity was 1.3 GW/cm2. The light curve shows the result with the signal port of the homodyne detector blocked (the dip at 40.5  MHz is caused by the repetition rate). The dark curve shows the equivalent trace with the squeezed light incident at the signal port. The double arrow indicates a reversal in the direction of the LO phase sweep.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Maxima and minima of the phase-dependent noise at 24  MHz versus the peak pump intensity for different wavelengths, normalized to the shot-noise power. The measurement error is of the order of ±0.1 dB.

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