Abstract

We constructed diffusion-bonded stacks of periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN). Such crystals combine the advantages of planar processing used to make PPLN wafers with the power-handling capability of large apertures. We demonstrated an optical parametric oscillator that uses a 3-mm-thick diffusion-bonded stack consisting of three 1-mm-thick PPLN crystals.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 21, 1336 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 591 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. E. Myers, T. P. Grayson, W. R. Bosenberg, M. D. Nelson, V. Dominic, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 339.
  6. K. Eda, M. Sugimoto, and Y. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 827 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Tomita, M. Sugimoto, and K. Eda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1484 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. Smith, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and M. S. Bowers, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2253 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. The factor hsm is normalized as in R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455 (1978) and is twice the value given in S. Guha, F.-J. Wu, and J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Matthews, L. R. Marshall, L. Myers, and J. J. Ewing, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 244.
  12. G. Imeshev, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 60.

1996 (2)

1995 (5)

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

The factor hsm is normalized as in R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455 (1978) and is twice the value given in S. Guha, F.-J. Wu, and J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. I.

Alford, W. J.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Bowers, M. S.

Byer, R. L.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 591 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 21, 1336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, T. P. Grayson, W. R. Bosenberg, M. D. Nelson, V. Dominic, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 339.

Dominic, V.

L. E. Myers, T. P. Grayson, W. R. Bosenberg, M. D. Nelson, V. Dominic, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 339.

Drobshoff, A.

Eckardt, R. C.

Eda, K.

K. Eda, M. Sugimoto, and Y. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 827 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, M. Sugimoto, and K. Eda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ewing, J. J.

D. Matthews, L. R. Marshall, L. Myers, and J. J. Ewing, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 244.

Fejer, M. M.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 591 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, T. P. Grayson, W. R. Bosenberg, M. D. Nelson, V. Dominic, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 339.

G. Imeshev, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 60.

Fischer, R.

The factor hsm is normalized as in R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455 (1978) and is twice the value given in S. Guha, F.-J. Wu, and J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Grayson, T. P.

L. E. Myers, T. P. Grayson, W. R. Bosenberg, M. D. Nelson, V. Dominic, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 339.

Imeshev, G.

G. Imeshev, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 60.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, L. R.

D. Matthews, L. R. Marshall, L. Myers, and J. J. Ewing, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 244.

Matthews, D.

D. Matthews, L. R. Marshall, L. Myers, and J. J. Ewing, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 244.

Miller, G. D.

Myers, L.

D. Matthews, L. R. Marshall, L. Myers, and J. J. Ewing, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 244.

Myers, L. E.

Nelson, M. D.

L. E. Myers, T. P. Grayson, W. R. Bosenberg, M. D. Nelson, V. Dominic, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 339.

Pierce, J. W.

Proctor, M.

G. Imeshev, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 60.

Raymond, T. D.

Smith, A. V.

Sugimoto, M.

Y. Tomita, M. Sugimoto, and K. Eda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Eda, M. Sugimoto, and Y. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 827 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, Y.

K. Eda, M. Sugimoto, and Y. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 827 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, M. Sugimoto, and K. Eda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tran-bá, C.

The factor hsm is normalized as in R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455 (1978) and is twice the value given in S. Guha, F.-J. Wu, and J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wieczorek, L. W.

The factor hsm is normalized as in R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455 (1978) and is twice the value given in S. Guha, F.-J. Wu, and J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Eda, M. Sugimoto, and Y. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 827 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, M. Sugimoto, and K. Eda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

The factor hsm is normalized as in R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455 (1978) and is twice the value given in S. Guha, F.-J. Wu, and J. Falk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

D. Matthews, L. R. Marshall, L. Myers, and J. J. Ewing, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 244.

G. Imeshev, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 60.

L. E. Myers, T. P. Grayson, W. R. Bosenberg, M. D. Nelson, V. Dominic, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 339.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output signal energy versus input pump energy and (inset) 51% pump depletion at five times threshold. The threshold was 4.4  mJ, and crystal damage was observed at 22.5  mJ of input pump energy. The data are uncorrected for losses at the uncoated surfaces of the PPLN stack.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Full (left) and close-up (right) views of the diffusion-bonded stack, showing the optical damage (black dots) caused by the pump beam. The damage patterns shows signs of TIR: Heavy damage at the seams is limited to one side of each seam, and the damage occurs in lines that are oriented parallel with the seams.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation results for the undepleted-pump gain of a two-plate PPLN stack. The gain-reduction factors10 shown are for Δ=0 (upper curve) and Δ=Λ/2 (lower curve). L is the crystal length, b is the confocal parameter, and bpump=bsignal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interferograms of diffusion-bonded stacks consisting of (a) three 1-mm single-domain LiNbO3 crystals and (b) three 1-mm PPLN crystals.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The etched y face of the interface between two diffusion-bonded 1-mm plates of PPLN reveals the domain alignment and continuity across the interface.

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