Abstract

All-reflective Michelson, Sagnac, and Fabry–Perot interferometers based on grating beam splitters are experi-mentally demonstrated at a wavelength of 1064??nm. A 1200-groove/mm grating diffracting 0 and -1 orders with an efficiency of 48.2% for each order was used as a near-50/50 beam splitter. The all-reflective Sagnac and Michelson interferometers were formed by reintroducing both of the diffracted beams back to the grating. The Fabry–Perot interferometer was formed in a Littrow configuration by using a 1700-groove/mm grating with a blazing efficiency of 91% as a cavity coupler. These interferometers encompass all the fundamental configurations of all-reflective laser interferometric gravitational-wave detectors, promising improved wave-front quality by avoiding volume thermal effects in transmissive optics under high-power laser illumination.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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1996 (1)

K.-X. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

W. Winkler, A. Rudiger, R. Shilling, K. A. Strain, and K. Danzmann, Opt. Commun. 112, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

P. Saulson, Phys. Rev. D 42, 2437 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Abramovici, A.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Althouse, W. E.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1987).

Boyd, R.

Britten, J.

Byer, R. L.

K.-X. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Arie and R. L. Byer, Appl. Opt. 32, 7382 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Byer, in Gravitational Astronomy:?Instrument Design and Astrophysical Prospects, D. E. McClelland and H.-A. Bachor, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).

Danzmann, K.

W. Winkler, A. Rudiger, R. Shilling, K. A. Strain, and K. Danzmann, Opt. Commun. 112, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Decker, D.

Drever, R.

R. Drever, in Proceedings of the Seventh Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, M. Keiser and R. T. Jantzen, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995).

Drever, R. W. P.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

K.-X. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gursel, Y.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E.

K.-X. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawamura, S.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M.

Raab, F.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rudiger, A.

W. Winkler, A. Rudiger, R. Shilling, K. A. Strain, and K. Danzmann, Opt. Commun. 112, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saulson, P.

P. Saulson, Phys. Rev. D 42, 2437 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, R.

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shannon, C.

Shilling, R.

W. Winkler, A. Rudiger, R. Shilling, K. A. Strain, and K. Danzmann, Opt. Commun. 112, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shoemaker, D.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B.

Shults, E.

Sievers, L.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Spero, R. E.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Strain, K. A.

W. Winkler, A. Rudiger, R. Shilling, K. A. Strain, and K. Danzmann, Opt. Commun. 112, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K.-X.

K.-X. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-X. Sun, presented at the Optical Society of America 1997 Annual Meeting, Long Beach, Calif., October 11–17, 1997.

Thorne, K. S.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, R. E.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, R.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Whitcomb, S.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, W.

W. Winkler, A. Rudiger, R. Shilling, K. A. Strain, and K. Danzmann, Opt. Commun. 112, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1987).

Zucker, M. E.

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Winkler, A. Rudiger, R. Shilling, K. A. Strain, and K. Danzmann, Opt. Commun. 112, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. D (1)

P. Saulson, Phys. Rev. D 42, 2437 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K.-X. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

For example, see, A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 5055 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1987).

R. Petit, ed. Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980).

K.-X. Sun, presented at the Optical Society of America 1997 Annual Meeting, Long Beach, Calif., October 11–17, 1997.

R. L. Byer, in Gravitational Astronomy:?Instrument Design and Astrophysical Prospects, D. E. McClelland and H.-A. Bachor, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).

R. Drever, in Proceedings of the Seventh Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, M. Keiser and R. T. Jantzen, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995).

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