Abstract

Persistent spectral hole burning has been observed at 77  K, 180  K, and room temperature for Eu3+ in sodium aluminosilicate glass melted under a reducing atmosphere. In particular, room-temperature persistent spectral hole burning is reported for the first time to our knowledge in Eu3+-doped materials. The persistent hole is accompanied by no antiholes and lasts for 1  h at least. The thermal stability of the hole is greater than that of a persistent hole burned for Eu3+ in sodium aluminosilicate glass melted in air.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, and N. Soga, J. Lumin. 55, 217 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, D. H. Cho, and N. Soga, Opt. Lett. 18, 1586 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Kurita, T. Kushida, T. Izumitani, and M. Matsukawa, Opt. Lett. 19, 314 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 45, 46 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Völker, Phys. Rev. B 50, 15707 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Fujita, K. Hirao, K. Tanaka, N. Soga, and H. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5114 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Mao, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, A. Bruce, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3677 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Tanaka, T. Ohyagi, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 66, 1121 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Winterer, E. Morsen, B. D. Mosel, and W. Muller-Warmuth, J. Phys. C 20, 5389 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Soga, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 840 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Fujita, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (to be published).
  13. K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Mössbauer spectroscopy of borate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. (to be published).
  14. H. Hosono, N. Asada, and Y. Abe, J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. Fujita, K. Hirao, K. Tanaka, N. Soga, and H. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Soga, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 840 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Y. Mao, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, A. Bruce, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Völker, Phys. Rev. B 50, 15707 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, T. Kushida, T. Izumitani, and M. Matsukawa, Opt. Lett. 19, 314 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, and N. Soga, J. Lumin. 55, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, D. H. Cho, and N. Soga, Opt. Lett. 18, 1586 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, T. Ohyagi, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 66, 1121 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

H. Hosono, N. Asada, and Y. Abe, J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. Winterer, E. Morsen, B. D. Mosel, and W. Muller-Warmuth, J. Phys. C 20, 5389 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 45, 46 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Hosono, N. Asada, and Y. Abe, J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Asada, N.

H. Hosono, N. Asada, and Y. Abe, J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bruce, A.

Y. Mao, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, A. Bruce, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cho, D. H.

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, D. H. Cho, and N. Soga, Opt. Lett. 18, 1586 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujita, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Soga, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 840 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Fujita, K. Hirao, K. Tanaka, N. Soga, and H. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Fujita, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (to be published).

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Mössbauer spectroscopy of borate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. (to be published).

Gavrilovic, P.

Y. Mao, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, A. Bruce, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Grodkiewicz, W. H.

Y. Mao, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, A. Bruce, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

K. Fujita, K. Hirao, K. Tanaka, N. Soga, and H. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Soga, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 840 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, D. H. Cho, and N. Soga, Opt. Lett. 18, 1586 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, T. Ohyagi, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 66, 1121 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, and N. Soga, J. Lumin. 55, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Fujita, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (to be published).

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Mössbauer spectroscopy of borate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. (to be published).

Hosono, H.

H. Hosono, N. Asada, and Y. Abe, J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Izumitani, T.

Kurita, A.

Kushida, T.

Macfarlane, R. M.

Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Völker, Phys. Rev. B 50, 15707 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 45, 46 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Y.

Y. Mao, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, A. Bruce, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matsukawa, M.

Matsuoka, N.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Mössbauer spectroscopy of borate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. (to be published).

Morsen, E.

M. Winterer, E. Morsen, B. D. Mosel, and W. Muller-Warmuth, J. Phys. C 20, 5389 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mosel, B. D.

M. Winterer, E. Morsen, B. D. Mosel, and W. Muller-Warmuth, J. Phys. C 20, 5389 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Muller-Warmuth, W.

M. Winterer, E. Morsen, B. D. Mosel, and W. Muller-Warmuth, J. Phys. C 20, 5389 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ohyagi, T.

K. Tanaka, T. Ohyagi, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 66, 1121 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pressau, J. P.

E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Soga, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 840 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, H.

K. Fujita, K. Hirao, K. Tanaka, N. Soga, and H. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, Th.

Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Völker, Phys. Rev. B 50, 15707 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 45, 46 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

Y. Mao, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, A. Bruce, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Soga, N.

K. Fujita, K. Hirao, K. Tanaka, N. Soga, and H. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Soga, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 840 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, T. Ohyagi, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 66, 1121 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, and N. Soga, J. Lumin. 55, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, D. H. Cho, and N. Soga, Opt. Lett. 18, 1586 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Mössbauer spectroscopy of borate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. (to be published).

K. Fujita, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (to be published).

Swarts, E. L.

E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Soga, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 840 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Fujita, K. Hirao, K. Tanaka, N. Soga, and H. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, T. Ohyagi, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 66, 1121 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Fujita, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (to be published).

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Mössbauer spectroscopy of borate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. (to be published).

Todoroki, S.

Völker, S.

Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Völker, Phys. Rev. B 50, 15707 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Winterer, M.

M. Winterer, E. Morsen, B. D. Mosel, and W. Muller-Warmuth, J. Phys. C 20, 5389 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mao, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, A. Bruce, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Tanaka, T. Ohyagi, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 66, 1121 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Soga, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 840 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Fujita, K. Hirao, K. Tanaka, N. Soga, and H. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Hosono, N. Asada, and Y. Abe, J. Appl. Phys. 67, 2840 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, and N. Soga, J. Lumin. 55, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. C (1)

M. Winterer, E. Morsen, B. D. Mosel, and W. Muller-Warmuth, J. Phys. C 20, 5389 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 45, 46 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Völker, Phys. Rev. B 50, 15707 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K. Fujita, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (to be published).

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Mössbauer spectroscopy of borate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. (to be published).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Left, fluorescence spectra at 12  K for sodium aluminosilicate glass containing europium melted (a) under a nitrogen atmosphere or (b) in air. The excitation wavelength is 394  nm. (b) A small dip in the emission spectrum takes place at 460  nm because the emission that is due to Eu2+ from the glass sample is used for the excitation at a wavelength of 460 nm, which corresponds to the D52F70 transition of Eu3+. Right, excitation spectrum at 12  K for Eu3+ in sodium aluminosilicate glass melted (c) under a nitrogen atmosphere or (d) in air.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Excitation and (b) difference spectra at 77   K, 180  K, and room temperature for Eu3+ in sodium aluminosilicate glass melted under a nitrogen atmosphere before and after irradiation with a dye laser at 577.3  nm 20 W/cm2×600 s. In (b) the solid curves represent Lorentzian functions fitted to the data points (dots).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Excitation spectra at room temperature for Eu3+ in sodium aluminosilicate glass melted under a nitrogen atmosphere before and after irradiation with a dye laser at 577.3, 577.8, and 578.2  nm 20 W/cm2×600 s. The wavelength of the laser is indicated by arrows. (b) Burning-time dependence of the hole depth at 300  K with laser irradiation at 577.3  nm obtained by monitoring of the D50F72 transition.

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