Abstract

We demonstrate correction of laser wavefront distortions by use of an adaptive-optical technique based on a light valve. The setup consists of an achromatic and adjustable-sensitivity wavefront sensor and a wavefront corrector relying on an optically addressed liquid-crystal spatial light modulator. Experimental results with strongly aberrated beams focused close to the diffraction limit are presented for the cw regime. Additional experiments with pulses and measurement of damage thresholds show that this approach is relevant for spatial phase correction of ultraintense laser pulses.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Babcock, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 65, 229 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Hubin and L. Noethe, Science 262, 1390 (1993), and references herein.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. B. Sutton and G. F. Albrecht, Proc. SPIE 2633, 272 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J.-C. Chanteloup, B. Loiseaux, J.-P. Huignard, and H. Baldis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 330.
  6. J. Primot, L. Sogno, B. Fracasso, and K. Heggarty, Opt. Eng. 36, 901 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. D. Love, Appl. Opt. 36, 1517 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, and A. Purvis, Opt. Commun. 137, 17 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Aubourg, J.-P. Huignard, M. Hareng, and R. A. Mullen, Appl. Opt. 21, 3706 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (3)

J. Primot, L. Sogno, B. Fracasso, and K. Heggarty, Opt. Eng. 36, 901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Love, Appl. Opt. 36, 1517 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, and A. Purvis, Opt. Commun. 137, 17 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

S. B. Sutton and G. F. Albrecht, Proc. SPIE 2633, 272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

N. Hubin and L. Noethe, Science 262, 1390 (1993), and references herein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1953 (1)

H. Babcock, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 65, 229 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, G. F.

S. B. Sutton and G. F. Albrecht, Proc. SPIE 2633, 272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aubourg, P.

Babcock, H.

H. Babcock, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 65, 229 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Baldis, H.

J.-C. Chanteloup, B. Loiseaux, J.-P. Huignard, and H. Baldis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 330.

Birch, P. M.

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, and A. Purvis, Opt. Commun. 137, 17 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chanteloup, J.-C.

J.-C. Chanteloup, B. Loiseaux, J.-P. Huignard, and H. Baldis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 330.

Fracasso, B.

J. Primot, L. Sogno, B. Fracasso, and K. Heggarty, Opt. Eng. 36, 901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gourlay, J.

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, and A. Purvis, Opt. Commun. 137, 17 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hareng, M.

Heggarty, K.

J. Primot, L. Sogno, B. Fracasso, and K. Heggarty, Opt. Eng. 36, 901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hubin, N.

N. Hubin and L. Noethe, Science 262, 1390 (1993), and references herein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huignard, J.-P.

P. Aubourg, J.-P. Huignard, M. Hareng, and R. A. Mullen, Appl. Opt. 21, 3706 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Chanteloup, B. Loiseaux, J.-P. Huignard, and H. Baldis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 330.

Loiseaux, B.

J.-C. Chanteloup, B. Loiseaux, J.-P. Huignard, and H. Baldis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 330.

Love, G. D.

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, and A. Purvis, Opt. Commun. 137, 17 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Love, Appl. Opt. 36, 1517 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mullen, R. A.

Noethe, L.

N. Hubin and L. Noethe, Science 262, 1390 (1993), and references herein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Primot, J.

J. Primot, L. Sogno, B. Fracasso, and K. Heggarty, Opt. Eng. 36, 901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Purvis, A.

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, and A. Purvis, Opt. Commun. 137, 17 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sharples, R. M.

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, and A. Purvis, Opt. Commun. 137, 17 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sogno, L.

J. Primot, L. Sogno, B. Fracasso, and K. Heggarty, Opt. Eng. 36, 901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

S. B. Sutton and G. F. Albrecht, Proc. SPIE 2633, 272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, and A. Purvis, Opt. Commun. 137, 17 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Primot, L. Sogno, B. Fracasso, and K. Heggarty, Opt. Eng. 36, 901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. B. Sutton and G. F. Albrecht, Proc. SPIE 2633, 272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (1)

H. Babcock, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 65, 229 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

N. Hubin and L. Noethe, Science 262, 1390 (1993), and references herein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J.-C. Chanteloup, B. Loiseaux, J.-P. Huignard, and H. Baldis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 330.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the ATWLSI and its resulting interferogram (two of the three replicated phase fronts are shown). 2D, two-dimensional.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Operating principle of the OALV: Local BSO illumination spatially modulates the liquid-crystal birefringence, converting a spatial intensity modulation at λW to a spatial phase modulation at λR.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup showing the EALCAM and the OALV in a feedback-loop.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Three-dimensional views of aberrated and corrected wave fronts (pupil diameter, 6  mm).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Three-dimensional and top views of the original (Strehl ratio, 25%) and the improved (Strehl ratio, 96%) intensity distributions in the focal plane.

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