Abstract

LP01LP02 mode converters based on UV-written intracore gratings have been fabricated for chromatic-dispersion compensation. The mode converters operate in transmission at wavelengths near 1550  nm with spectral bandwidths of 14–25  nm and coupling efficiencies of as much as 90%. A large negative dispersion of -335 ps/nm km is obtained for a compensator consisting of the mode converter and a 1490-m-long few-mode fiber. The compensator shows negative dispersion over a wavelength region of 5  nm. Its figure of merit is estimated to be 370 ps/nm dB.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Newhouse and Y. Liu, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 233.
  2. A. M. Vengsarkar, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 233.
  3. A. J. Antos and D. K. Smith, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1739 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. I. Laming, W. H. Loh, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, K. E. Ennser, and V. Gusmeroli, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 234.
  5. C. D. Poole, J. M. Wieselfeld, D. J. Di Giovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 27, 682 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Gisin, N. Gisin, and F. Cochet, Opt. Lett. 21, 686 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

A. J. Antos and D. K. Smith, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wieselfeld, D. J. Di Giovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 27, 682 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Antos, A. J.

A. J. Antos and D. K. Smith, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 27, 682 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cochet, F.

Cole, M. J.

R. I. Laming, W. H. Loh, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, K. E. Ennser, and V. Gusmeroli, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 234.

Di Giovanni, D. J.

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wieselfeld, D. J. Di Giovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ennser, K. E.

R. I. Laming, W. H. Loh, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, K. E. Ennser, and V. Gusmeroli, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 234.

Gisin, B.

Gisin, N.

Gusmeroli, V.

R. I. Laming, W. H. Loh, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, K. E. Ennser, and V. Gusmeroli, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 234.

Hill, K. O.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 27, 682 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 27, 682 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

R. I. Laming, W. H. Loh, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, K. E. Ennser, and V. Gusmeroli, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 234.

Liu, Y.

M. Newhouse and Y. Liu, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 233.

Loh, W. H.

R. I. Laming, W. H. Loh, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, K. E. Ennser, and V. Gusmeroli, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 234.

Malo, B.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 27, 682 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Newhouse, M.

M. Newhouse and Y. Liu, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 233.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wieselfeld, D. J. Di Giovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Skinner, I.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 27, 682 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. K.

A. J. Antos and D. K. Smith, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wieselfeld, D. J. Di Giovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Vengsarkar, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 233.

Vineberg, K. A.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wieselfeld, J. M.

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wieselfeld, D. J. Di Giovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

R. I. Laming, W. H. Loh, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, K. E. Ennser, and V. Gusmeroli, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 234.

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 27, 682 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wieselfeld, D. J. Di Giovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Antos and D. K. Smith, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

R. I. Laming, W. H. Loh, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, K. E. Ennser, and V. Gusmeroli, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 234.

M. Newhouse and Y. Liu, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 233.

A. M. Vengsarkar, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 233.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Grating period as a function of LP01LP02 mode-conversion wavelength. Solid curves, numerically calculated; filled circles, experimental data.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectrum and near-field distribution (inset) of a 3.5-cm-long LP01LP02 mode converter with a regular grating period of 117 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectrum of a 6.5-cm-long LP01LP02 mode converter with step-chirped grating periods of 116.8, 116.9, 117, and 117.1 µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FOM as a function of few-mode fiber length of a CDC device with an LP01LP02 mode converter with 90% coupling efficiency (solid curve) and with 100% coupling efficiency (dashed curve).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Characteristics of the Ge-Doped Few-Mode Fiber

Equations (3)

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Λ=2π/β1-β2,
L2=-D1D2L1,
FOM=D2L2α2L2+αMC,

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