Abstract

We demonstrate optical pulse switching and amplification based on simultaneous Raman and Kerr effects in a fiber-loop mirror. Stimulated Raman scattering is shown to play a dominant role in the transfer function of the loop with highly germania-doped fibers, in agreement with theoretical predictions. Optical switching of a 100-ps signal pulse with an amplification factor of 10 was demonstrated in a 20-mol.% GeO2-doped fiber.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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1997 (1)

1995 (1)

D. Mahgerefteh and M. W. Chbat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 497 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (3)

1988 (1)

1979 (1)

R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1157 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

S. T. Davey, D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, W. J. M. Rothwell, and B. Wakefield, Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng. Part J 136, 301 (1989).

Andrade-Lucio, J. A.

E. A. Kuzin, J. Sánchez-Mondragón, V. A. Vyslouch, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Rojas-Laguna, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 153.

Andrekson, P. A.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, and M. Haner, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD5.

Arzate, N.

Avramopoulos, H.

Blow, K. J.

Chbat, M. W.

D. Mahgerefteh and M. W. Chbat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 497 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

S. T. Davey, D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, W. J. M. Rothwell, and B. Wakefield, Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng. Part J 136, 301 (1989).

Di Gio-vanni, D. J.

Doran, N. J.

French, P. M. W.

Gabriel, M. C.

Gavrilovic, P.

Haner, M.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, and M. Haner, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD5.

Islam, M. N.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 14, 811 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Islam, Ultrafast Fiber Switching Devices and Systems (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1992).

Kim, K. S.

Kuzin, E. A.

E. A. Kuzin, J. Sánchez-Mondragón, V. A. Vyslouch, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Rojas-Laguna, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 153.

LaMarie, R. E.

Logan, R. A.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, and M. Haner, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD5.

Mahgerefteh, D.

D. Mahgerefteh and M. W. Chbat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 497 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nayar, B. K.

Olsson, N. A.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, and M. Haner, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD5.

Pleibel, W.

Presby, H. M.

Quoi, K. W.

Reed, W. A.

Rojas-Laguna, R.

E. A. Kuzin, J. Sánchez-Mondragón, V. A. Vyslouch, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Rojas-Laguna, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 153.

Rothwell, W. J. M.

S. T. Davey, D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, W. J. M. Rothwell, and B. Wakefield, Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng. Part J 136, 301 (1989).

Sánchez-Mondragón, J.

E. A. Kuzin, J. Sánchez-Mondragón, V. A. Vyslouch, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Rojas-Laguna, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 153.

Simpson, J. R.

M. N. Islam, E. R. Sunderman, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and J. R. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 14, 811 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, and M. Haner, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD5.

Starodumov, A. N.

Stolen, R. H.

Sunderman, E. R.

Tanbun-Ek, T.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, and M. Haner, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD5.

Vyslouch, V. A.

E. A. Kuzin, J. Sánchez-Mondragón, V. A. Vyslouch, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Rojas-Laguna, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 153.

Wakefield, B.

S. T. Davey, D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, W. J. M. Rothwell, and B. Wakefield, Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng. Part J 136, 301 (1989).

Whittaker, N. A.

Williams, D. L.

S. T. Davey, D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, W. J. M. Rothwell, and B. Wakefield, Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng. Part J 136, 301 (1989).

Wood, D.

Zenteno, L. A.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1157 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Mahgerefteh and M. W. Chbat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 497 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng. Part J (1)

S. T. Davey, D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, W. J. M. Rothwell, and B. Wakefield, Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng. Part J 136, 301 (1989).

Other (3)

E. A. Kuzin, J. Sánchez-Mondragón, V. A. Vyslouch, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Rojas-Laguna, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 153.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, and M. Haner, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD5.

M. N. Islam, Ultrafast Fiber Switching Devices and Systems (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1992).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: MO, mode oscillator; ATT, attenuator; PC, polarization controller.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of the pump and the Stokes component at the output of fiber  1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transfer functions of the Raman NOLM (squares, experiment; solid curve, theory) and the Kerr effect–based NOLM (dotted curve) with 20-mol.% germania-doped fiber.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E+L=0.51/2β1/2Es expg2IpL+i2kn2IpL,
T=0.25β1+expx-2expx2cosαx,
α=3.451+0.02 X1+0.08 X,
Fx=0.01+0.0180.552+0.452 exp x-2×0.55×0.45 expx/2cos 1.92x.

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