Abstract

We report, for the first time to our knowledge, the experimental observation of quasi-cw nonlinear switching and multiple gap-soliton formation within the bandgap of a fiber Bragg grating. As many as five gap solitons with 100–500-ps durations were generated from a 2-ns pulse at a launched peak intensity of 27 GW/cm2. A corresponding increase in the grating transmission from 3% to 40% of the incident pulse energy was observed.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics XXXIII, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1994), p. 203.
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, R. E. Slusher, and J. E. Sipe, Electron. Lett. 32, 2341 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. U. Mohideen, R. E. Slusher, V. Mizrahi, T. Erodgan, J. E. Sipe, M. Gonokami, P. M. Lemaire, C. M. de Sterke, and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Lett. 20, 1674 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. M. de Sterke, K. R. Jackson, and B. D. Robert, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 403 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, Opt. Lett. 22, 378 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. G. R. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, R. E. Slusher, and J. E. Sipe, Electron. Lett. 32, 2341 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. G. R. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

1988 (1)

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Barcelos, S.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Caplen, J. E.

Chen, W.

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cole, M. J.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cooperman, G. D.

H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, R. E. Slusher, and J. E. Sipe, Electron. Lett. 32, 2341 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke, K. R. Jackson, and B. D. Robert, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 403 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Mohideen, R. E. Slusher, V. Mizrahi, T. Erodgan, J. E. Sipe, M. Gonokami, P. M. Lemaire, C. M. de Sterke, and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Lett. 20, 1674 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics XXXIII, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1994), p. 203.
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, R. E. Slusher, and J. E. Sipe, Electron. Lett. 32, 2341 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Erodgan, T.

Garmire, E.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gonokami, M.

Jackson, K. R.

Laming, R. I.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. M.

Loh, W. H.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mills, D. L.

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizrahi, V.

Mohideen, U.

Penty, R. V.

Richardson, D. J.

Robert, B. D.

Sipe, J. E.

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, R. E. Slusher, and J. E. Sipe, Electron. Lett. 32, 2341 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

U. Mohideen, R. E. Slusher, V. Mizrahi, T. Erodgan, J. E. Sipe, M. Gonokami, P. M. Lemaire, C. M. de Sterke, and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Lett. 20, 1674 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics XXXIII, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1994), p. 203.
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

Taverner, D.

Williams, K.

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, R. E. Slusher, and J. E. Sipe, Electron. Lett. 32, 2341 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. G. R. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 38, 5149 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics XXXIII, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1994), p. 203.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: LA-EDFA, large-mode-area erbium-doped fiber amplifier; PBS, polarization beam splitter. Inset, pulse intensity profile incident upon the grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured FBG time delay (dashed curve) and amplitude (solid curve) responses. The vertical dashed line shows the incident pulse wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmitted pulse intensity profiles with launched peak power increasing from a to d. Each trace is normalized relative to the incident pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflected pulse intensity profiles with launched peak power increasing from a to d. Each trace is normalized relative to the incident pulse. These traces correspond directly to the transmitted pulse forms shown in Fig.  3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Percentage of pulse energy transmitted through the FBG as a function of the input pulse peak power.

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