Abstract

A combined infrared–optical frequency-standard scheme has been demonstrated with a single ion of ytterbium. The optical S21/2D25/2 reference transition at 411 nm and the infrared F27/2D25/2 3.43µm transition were driven sequentially. The structure of the infrared F27/2D25/2 reference transition at 3.43 µm has also been studied. Infrared transition linewidths of 300 kHz were observed. The output of a Nd:YAG laser and an extended-cavity diode laser were difference-frequency mixed in a crystal of AgGaS2 to produce narrow-linewidth light at 3.43 µm. Both lasers were frequency stabilized to high-finesse reference cavities.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. C. Bergquist, ed., Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).
  2. A. Bauch, D. Schnier, and Chr. Tamm, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 389 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Engelke and Chr. Tamm, Europhys. Lett. 33, 347 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. U. Simon, S. Waltman, I. Loa, F. K. Tittel, and L. Hollberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 323 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, and W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1997

P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

D. Engelke and Chr. Tamm, Europhys. Lett. 33, 347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1992

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, and W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Bauch, D. Schnier, and Chr. Tamm, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 389 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, Chr. Tamm, and D. Schnier, Phys. Rev. A 44, R20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Barwood, G. P.

P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bauch, A.

A. Bauch, D. Schnier, and Chr. Tamm, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 389 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bell, A. S.

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, and W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, Chr. Tamm, and D. Schnier, Phys. Rev. A 44, R20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, R. B. M.

P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Engelke, D.

D. Engelke and Chr. Tamm, Europhys. Lett. 33, 347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gateva-Kostova, S. V.

P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, and W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, Chr. Tamm, and D. Schnier, Phys. Rev. A 44, R20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

Klein, H. A.

M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, and W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, Chr. Tamm, and D. Schnier, Phys. Rev. A 44, R20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Levick, A. P.

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, and W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, Chr. Tamm, and D. Schnier, Phys. Rev. A 44, R20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Loa, I.

Roberts, M.

M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rowley, W. R. C.

P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, and W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schnier, D.

A. Bauch, D. Schnier, and Chr. Tamm, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 389 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, Chr. Tamm, and D. Schnier, Phys. Rev. A 44, R20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Simon, U.

Tamm, Chr.

D. Engelke and Chr. Tamm, Europhys. Lett. 33, 347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Bauch, D. Schnier, and Chr. Tamm, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 389 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, Chr. Tamm, and D. Schnier, Phys. Rev. A 44, R20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, P.

P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

Waltman, S.

Europhys. Lett.

D. Engelke and Chr. Tamm, Europhys. Lett. 33, 347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

A. Bauch, D. Schnier, and Chr. Tamm, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 389 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, and W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Phys. Rev. A

P. Taylor, M. Roberts, S. V. Gateva-Kostova, R. B. M. Clarke, G. P. Barwood, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2699 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, Chr. Tamm, and D. Schnier, Phys. Rev. A 44, R20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Roberts, P. Taylor, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. C. Bergquist, ed., Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Partial-term scheme of Yb+. The arrows indicate the transitions that are driven in this experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental layout.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Quantum-jump profile of the F27/2D25/2 transition. ΔmJ=0; magnetic field, 13.5 µT.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Quantum-jump profile of the F27/2D25/2 transition. ΔmJ=±1; magnetic field, 66.6 µT. Dashed profile, ΔmJ=+1, F27/2level preparation via 411-nm ΔmJ=-2. Dotted profile, ΔmJ=-1, F27/2level preparation via 411-nm ΔmJ=+2.

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