Abstract

The signal-gain characteristics of tellurite-based erbium-doped fiber amplifiers are clarified based on spectroscopic properties and signal-gain measurements. The potential of tellurite-based erbium-doped fiber for use as a broadband light source is also described.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Wyssocki, J. Judkins, R. Espindola, M. Andrejco, A. Vengsarkar, and K. Walker, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP2.
  2. B. Clesca, D. Bayart, and J. L. Beylat, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 135 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 710 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jorgensen, Laser and Excited States of Rare Earths (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), Chap.??2.
  5. J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.
  7. P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, and S. B. Pool, Opt. Commun. 67, 349 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 1471 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 25, 1498 (1989).
    [Crossref]

1997 (2)

M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 710 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 1471 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

B. Clesca, D. Bayart, and J. L. Beylat, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 135 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 25, 1498 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, and S. B. Pool, Opt. Commun. 67, 349 (1988).
[Crossref]

Andrejco, M.

P. Wyssocki, J. Judkins, R. Espindola, M. Andrejco, A. Vengsarkar, and K. Walker, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP2.

Bayart, D.

B. Clesca, D. Bayart, and J. L. Beylat, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 135 (1995).
[Crossref]

Beylat, J. L.

B. Clesca, D. Bayart, and J. L. Beylat, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 135 (1995).
[Crossref]

Clesca, B.

B. Clesca, D. Bayart, and J. L. Beylat, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 135 (1995).
[Crossref]

Espindola, R.

P. Wyssocki, J. Judkins, R. Espindola, M. Andrejco, A. Vengsarkar, and K. Walker, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP2.

Farries, M. C.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, and S. B. Pool, Opt. Commun. 67, 349 (1988).
[Crossref]

Jorgensen, C. K.

R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jorgensen, Laser and Excited States of Rare Earths (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), Chap.??2.

Judkins, J.

P. Wyssocki, J. Judkins, R. Espindola, M. Andrejco, A. Vengsarkar, and K. Walker, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP2.

Kanamori, T.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 710 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 1471 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kikushima, K.

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

Mori, A.

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, and S. B. Pool, Opt. Commun. 67, 349 (1988).
[Crossref]

Nishida, T.

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.

Ohishi, Y.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 710 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 1471 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.

Oikawa, K.

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.

Ono, H.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 710 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 1471 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.

Pool, S. B.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, and S. B. Pool, Opt. Commun. 67, 349 (1988).
[Crossref]

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jorgensen, Laser and Excited States of Rare Earths (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), Chap.??2.

Shimizu, M.

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sudo, S.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 710 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 1471 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.

Terunuma, Y.

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

Vengsarkar, A.

P. Wyssocki, J. Judkins, R. Espindola, M. Andrejco, A. Vengsarkar, and K. Walker, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP2.

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[Crossref]

Walker, K.

P. Wyssocki, J. Judkins, R. Espindola, M. Andrejco, A. Vengsarkar, and K. Walker, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP2.

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wyatt, R.

R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 25, 1498 (1989).
[Crossref]

Wyssocki, P.

P. Wyssocki, J. Judkins, R. Espindola, M. Andrejco, A. Vengsarkar, and K. Walker, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP2.

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 710 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 1471 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.

Yoshinaga, H.

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 710 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 33, 1471 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 25, 1498 (1989).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, K. Oikawa, H. Yoshinaga, K. Kikushima, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Sudo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 869 (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, and S. B. Pool, Opt. Commun. 67, 349 (1988).
[Crossref]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

B. Clesca, D. Bayart, and J. L. Beylat, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 135 (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, T. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP1.

P. Wyssocki, J. Judkins, R. Espindola, M. Andrejco, A. Vengsarkar, and K. Walker, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.??2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PDP2.

R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jorgensen, Laser and Excited States of Rare Earths (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), Chap.??2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Stimulated-emission and signal ESA cross-section spectra of erbium in tellurite, fluoride, and silica glasses. The inset shows the 1.5-µm stimulated-emission cross-section spectra for the three glasses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Small-signal-gain spectra of tellurite-based EDFA's with 0.5-, 0.9-, and 2.4-m-long fiber. The thick dashed curve shows the NF spectrum for the tellurite-based EDFA with a 0.9-m-longer fiber. The pump wavelength is 1480 nm, the pump power is 200 mW, and the input signal power is -30 dBm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signal-gain spectra of a tellurite-based EDFA with a 0.9-m-long fiber for various input-signal power levels.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Lasing tuning ranges of tellurite-based fiber lasers for various pump powers and a threshold pump-power spectrum for 300-mW pumping.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser characteristics of a tellurite-based fiber laser operating in the 1625-nm band. The inset shows the lasing spectrum of the fiber laser.

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