Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate an all-optical AND gate based on coupled gap-soliton formation in an apodized fiber Bragg grating. A switching contrast of better than 17  dB is obtained with an incident pulse peak power of 2.5  kW.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1994), Vol. XXXIII, Chap. III, pp. 203–260.
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Isben, and R. I. Laming, Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Wave-guides:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 120–122.
  6. S. Lee and S.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 18, 962 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. Samir, S. J. Garth, and C. Pask, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 64 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

W. Samir, S. J. Garth, and C. Pask, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 64 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1987 (1)

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barcelos, S.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N.

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Isben, and R. I. Laming, Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Wave-guides:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 120–122.

Chen, W.

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cole, M. J.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1994), Vol. XXXIII, Chap. III, pp. 203–260.
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garth, S. J.

Ho, S.-T.

Isben, M.

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Isben, and R. I. Laming, Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Wave-guides:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 120–122.

Krug, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laming, R. I.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Isben, and R. I. Laming, Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Wave-guides:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 120–122.

Lee, S.

Loh, W. H.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mills, D. L.

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pask, C.

Richardson, D. J.

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Isben, and R. I. Laming, Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Wave-guides:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 120–122.

Samir, W.

Sipe, J. E.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1994), Vol. XXXIII, Chap. III, pp. 203–260.
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taverner, D.

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Isben, and R. I. Laming, Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Wave-guides:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 120–122.

Zervas, M. N.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1994), Vol. XXXIII, Chap. III, pp. 203–260.
[CrossRef]

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Isben, and R. I. Laming, Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Wave-guides:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 120–122.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: LA-EDFA, large mode-area erbium-doped fiber amplifier; POL, optional polarizer. The directly detected (50ps resolution) input pulse temporal profile is shown in the inset.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflection time-delay and amplitude response measurements made on the two birefringence axes of the FBG. Vertical dashed line, incident signal wavelength for the traces shown in Fig.  3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Directly detected (50ps resolution) transmitted pulse intensity profiles for individual input beams A and B for both beams simultaneously (C).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmitted pulse energy varying with launched peak power into beam A. The peak power in beam B was held constant at 2.8 kW. Solid curve, exponential fit to the sub-1.5-kW data points, demonstrating the jump in transmission observed at the point of gap-soliton formation (2.4–2.6 kW).

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