Abstract

Measurements of the quality factor Q≈8×10<sup>9</sup> are reported for the whispering-gallery modes (WGM's) of quartz microspheres for the wavelengths 670, 780, and 850 nm; these results correspond to finesse f≈2.2×10<sup>6</sup> . The observed independence of <i>Q</i> from wavelength indicates that losses for the WGM's are dominated by a mechanism other than bulk absorption in fused silica in the near infrared. Data obtained by atomic force microscopy combined with a simple model for surface scattering suggest that <i>Q</i> can be limited by residual surface inhomogeneities. Absorption by absorbed water can also explain why the material limit is not reached at longer wavelengths in the near infrared.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Griffel, A. Serpengüzel, and S. Arnold, 1995 IEEE Symposium on Frequency Control (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995).
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  8. V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Maroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
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  12. M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).
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  14. D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).
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  18. S. C. Hill and R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber and R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.
  19. G. Rempe, R. J. Thompson, H. J. Kimble, and R. Lalezari, Opt. Lett. 17, 363 (1992).

1996

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Maroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).

H. Mabuchi, Q. A. Turchette, M. S. Chapman, and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 21, 1393 (1996).

1995

1994

H. J. Kimble, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. R. Berman, ed., Supplement 2 of Advances in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), pp. 203–266.

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).

H. Mabuchi and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 19, 749 (1994).

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).

1992

G. Rempe, R. J. Thompson, H. J. Kimble, and R. Lalezari, Opt. Lett. 17, 363 (1992).

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

1991

C. Lin, in Handbook of Microwave and Optical Components, K. Chang, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 11.

1988

S. C. Hill and R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber and R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.

1977

H. G. Unger, Planar Optical Waveguides and Fibres (Clarendon, Oxford, 1977), p. 130.

1973

Arnold, S.

G. Griffel, A. Serpengüzel, and S. Arnold, 1995 IEEE Symposium on Frequency Control (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995).

A. Serpengüzel, S. Arnold, and G. Griffel, Opt. Lett. 20, 654 (1995).

Benner, R. E.

S. C. Hill and R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber and R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.

Braginsky, V. B.

V. B. Braginsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 32, 307 (1987).

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1992).

Brune, M.

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).

Chapman, M. S.

Collot, L.

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1995).

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1992).

Griffel, G.

G. Griffel, A. Serpengüzel, and S. Arnold, 1995 IEEE Symposium on Frequency Control (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995).

A. Serpengüzel, S. Arnold, and G. Griffel, Opt. Lett. 20, 654 (1995).

Hale, G. M.

Hare, J.

Haroche, S.

Hill, S. C.

S. C. Hill and R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber and R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.

Ilchenko, V. S.

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1995).

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1992).

V. B. Braginsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 32, 307 (1987).

Kimble, H. J.

H. Mabuchi, Q. A. Turchette, M. S. Chapman, and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 21, 1393 (1996).

H. J. Kimble, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. R. Berman, ed., Supplement 2 of Advances in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), pp. 203–266.

H. Mabuchi and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 19, 749 (1994).

G. Rempe, R. J. Thompson, H. J. Kimble, and R. Lalezari, Opt. Lett. 17, 363 (1992).

Lalezari, R.

Lefèvre, V.

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Maroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).

Lin, C.

C. Lin, in Handbook of Microwave and Optical Components, K. Chang, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 11.

Mabuchi, H.

Maroche, S.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Maroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).

Querry, M. R.

Raimond, J. M.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Maroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).

Raimond, J.-M.

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).

Rempe, G.

Sandoghdar, V.

Savchenkov, A. A.

Serpengüzel, A.

A. Serpengüzel, S. Arnold, and G. Griffel, Opt. Lett. 20, 654 (1995).

G. Griffel, A. Serpengüzel, and S. Arnold, 1995 IEEE Symposium on Frequency Control (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995).

Thompson, R. J.

Treussart, F.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Maroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).

Turchette, Q. A.

Unger, H. G.

H. G. Unger, Planar Optical Waveguides and Fibres (Clarendon, Oxford, 1977), p. 130.

Weiss, D. S.

Appl. Opt.

Europhys. Lett.

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).

Laser Phys.

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

Opt. Commun.

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Lett. A

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1992).

Phys. Rev. A

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Maroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).

Sov. Phys. Dokl.

V. B. Braginsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 32, 307 (1987).

Other

G. Griffel, A. Serpengüzel, and S. Arnold, 1995 IEEE Symposium on Frequency Control (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995).

H. J. Kimble, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. R. Berman, ed., Supplement 2 of Advances in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), pp. 203–266.

C. Lin, in Handbook of Microwave and Optical Components, K. Chang, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 11.

H. G. Unger, Planar Optical Waveguides and Fibres (Clarendon, Oxford, 1977), p. 130.

S. C. Hill and R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles, P. W. Barber and R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.

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