Abstract

Results of all-optical switching and pulse-routing experiments with a distributed-feedback multiple-quantum-well (MQW) nonlinear waveguide, operating at 1.55 µm, are reported. The MQW material has been engineered, through the controlled introduction of defects, to lower the carrier lifetime from 2.5  ns to 280  ps. The energy required for switching is of the order of 1  pJ or less, the switching time is 600 ps, and the on–off contrast exceeds 17  dB.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Campi and C. Coriasso, Phys. Rev. B 51, 10,719 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, J. B. Stark, and S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1189 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, D. Campi, and C. Coriasso, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1870 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wight, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Martijn de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W.-P. Huang, Q. Guo, and C. Wu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 469 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).
  14. S. D. Benjamin, H. S. Loka, A. Othonos, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2544 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Y. Choi, R. Takahashi, Y. Kawamura, T. Kagawa, and H. Iwamura, presented at the 21st European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

1997 (2)

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, D. Campi, and C. Coriasso, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

W.-P. Huang, Q. Guo, and C. Wu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Benjamin, H. S. Loka, A. Othonos, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2544 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Campi and C. Coriasso, Phys. Rev. B 51, 10,719 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Martijn de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, J. B. Stark, and S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1189 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wight, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Benjamin, S. D.

S. D. Benjamin, H. S. Loka, A. Othonos, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2544 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bossi, M. C.

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

Brown, T. G.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Buscaglia, F.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cacciatore, C.

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

Campi, D.

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, D. Campi, and C. Coriasso, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Campi and C. Coriasso, Phys. Rev. B 51, 10,719 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

Chemla, D. S.

W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, J. B. Stark, and S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1189 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Choi, W. Y.

W. Y. Choi, R. Takahashi, Y. Kawamura, T. Kagawa, and H. Iwamura, presented at the 21st European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Coriasso, C.

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, D. Campi, and C. Coriasso, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Campi and C. Coriasso, Phys. Rev. B 51, 10,719 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

De Silvestri, S.

Ehrlich, J. E.

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Faustini, L.

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

Finlayson, N.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wight, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E.

H. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gastaldi, L.

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

Guo, Q.

W.-P. Huang, Q. Guo, and C. Wu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.-P.

W.-P. Huang, Q. Guo, and C. Wu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Iwamura, H.

W. Y. Choi, R. Takahashi, Y. Kawamura, T. Kagawa, and H. Iwamura, presented at the 21st European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Kagawa, T.

W. Y. Choi, R. Takahashi, Y. Kawamura, T. Kagawa, and H. Iwamura, presented at the 21st European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Kawamura, Y.

W. Y. Choi, R. Takahashi, Y. Kawamura, T. Kagawa, and H. Iwamura, presented at the 21st European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Knox, W. H.

W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, J. B. Stark, and S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1189 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leo, G.

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Loka, H. S.

S. D. Benjamin, H. S. Loka, A. Othonos, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2544 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

H. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Martijn de Sterke, C.

C. Martijn de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, J. B. Stark, and S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1189 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

Othonos, A.

S. D. Benjamin, H. S. Loka, A. Othonos, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2544 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Prelewitz, D. F.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rigo, C.

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

Sankey, N. D.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt-Rink, S.

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, J. B. Stark, and S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1189 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seaton, C. T.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wight, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

C. Martijn de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W. E.

S. D. Benjamin, H. S. Loka, A. Othonos, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2544 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Soldani, D.

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

Stano, A.

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stark, J. B.

W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, J. B. Stark, and S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1189 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G. I.

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wight, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, R.

W. Y. Choi, R. Takahashi, Y. Kawamura, T. Kagawa, and H. Iwamura, presented at the 21st European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Wight, E. M.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wight, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Winful, H.

H. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

W.-P. Huang, Q. Guo, and C. Wu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zanoni, R.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wight, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Adv. Phys. (1)

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, F. Buscaglia, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 585 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Benjamin, H. S. Loka, A. Othonos, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2544 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wight, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

W.-P. Huang, Q. Guo, and C. Wu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. Martijn de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2858 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, G. Leo, C. Coriasso, D. Campi, A. Stano, and C. Rigo, Phys. Rev. B 55, 4883 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Campi and C. Coriasso, Phys. Rev. B 51, 10,719 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, J. B. Stark, and S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1189 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

C. Rigo, L. Gastaldi, D. Campi, L. Faustini, C. Coriasso, C. Cacciatore, D. Soldani, and M. C. Bossi, “Multiple quantum-well compressive strained heterostructures for low driving power all-optical waveguide switches,” J. Cryst. Growth (to be published).

W. Y. Choi, R. Takahashi, Y. Kawamura, T. Kagawa, and H. Iwamura, presented at the 21st European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transient changes in the transmitted cw beam tuned at λL=1556 nm. τ and E are the recovery time constant and the control-pulse energy, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transient changes of the reflected cw beam tuned at λL=1556 nm. τ and E are the recovery time constant and the control-pulse energy, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse-routing experiment: a, input signal pulses; b, input control pulses; c, transmission port output (with the signal beam tuned at λNL=1551 nm); d, transmission port output (with the signal beam tuned at λNL=1556 nm). The curves have been offset for clarity.

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