Abstract

A new type of a micro-optomechanical dielectric switch in free-space configuration for visible light is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The combination of scalar and rigorous diffraction analysis of Gaussian beams predicts very high switching efficiency with a single/noise ratio of better than 40 dB.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. E. Motamedi, in Diffractive and Miniaturized Optics, H. Lee, ed. SPIE Critical Review CR49 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 302–328.
  2. R. Göring and S. Glöckner, Proc. SPIE 2783, 154 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. S. Rockward and D. C. O’Shea, Appl. Opt. 37, 5075 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1385 (1982).
  5. B. H. Kleemann, A. Mitreiter, and F. Wyrowski, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1323 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Glaser, S. Schröter, R. Pöhlmann, H. Bartelt, and H.-J. Fuchs, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1487 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Kogelnik and T. Li, Proc. IEEE 54, 1312 (1966).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (2)

T. Glaser, S. Schröter, R. Pöhlmann, H. Bartelt, and H.-J. Fuchs, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1487 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Rockward and D. C. O’Shea, Appl. Opt. 37, 5075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

R. Göring and S. Glöckner, Proc. SPIE 2783, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kleemann, A. Mitreiter, and F. Wyrowski, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1966 (1)

H. Kogelnik and T. Li, Proc. IEEE 54, 1312 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bartelt, H.

T. Glaser, S. Schröter, R. Pöhlmann, H. Bartelt, and H.-J. Fuchs, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1487 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H.-J.

T. Glaser, S. Schröter, R. Pöhlmann, H. Bartelt, and H.-J. Fuchs, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1487 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

Glaser, T.

T. Glaser, S. Schröter, R. Pöhlmann, H. Bartelt, and H.-J. Fuchs, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1487 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Glöckner, S.

R. Göring and S. Glöckner, Proc. SPIE 2783, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Göring, R.

R. Göring and S. Glöckner, Proc. SPIE 2783, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kleemann, B. H.

B. H. Kleemann, A. Mitreiter, and F. Wyrowski, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik and T. Li, Proc. IEEE 54, 1312 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

H. Kogelnik and T. Li, Proc. IEEE 54, 1312 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Mitreiter, A.

B. H. Kleemann, A. Mitreiter, and F. Wyrowski, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

Motamedi, M. E.

M. E. Motamedi, in Diffractive and Miniaturized Optics, H. Lee, ed. SPIE Critical Review CR49 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 302–328.

O’Shea, D. C.

Pöhlmann, R.

T. Glaser, S. Schröter, R. Pöhlmann, H. Bartelt, and H.-J. Fuchs, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1487 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rockward, W. S.

Schröter, S.

T. Glaser, S. Schröter, R. Pöhlmann, H. Bartelt, and H.-J. Fuchs, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1487 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wyrowski, F.

B. H. Kleemann, A. Mitreiter, and F. Wyrowski, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

B. H. Kleemann, A. Mitreiter, and F. Wyrowski, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Glaser, S. Schröter, R. Pöhlmann, H. Bartelt, and H.-J. Fuchs, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1487 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. Kogelnik and T. Li, Proc. IEEE 54, 1312 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Göring and S. Glöckner, Proc. SPIE 2783, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. E. Motamedi, in Diffractive and Miniaturized Optics, H. Lee, ed. SPIE Critical Review CR49 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 302–328.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

off (left) and on (right) configurations of the grating switch.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Decrease of efficiency diffracted in the first transmitted order direction, depending on the air gap between HSOG’s as a function of the angle of incidence inside the substrate material. The efficiency range, 0.9–1.0, is emphasized by the gray-level presentation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power propagation in the space of a Gaussian beam with interference effects in regions of overlapping diffracted orders. The switching offset between HSOG’s is chosen to be Λ/10.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power distribution inside the air gap with real periodicity, parallel to the grating surface (magnification of Fig. 3, showing a representative cross section just behind the first HSOG).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the diffraction efficiency switched in the first transmitted order direction, depending on the gap between HSOG’s (on arrangement) for plane wave (best and worst substrate thicknesses) and Gaussian beams. This calculation demonstrates another advantage of combining RCWA with Gaussian beam calculation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of switching behavior between the best theoretical case and the measurements.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Θdivs=arctanλ/πnw0=0.018°.

Metrics