Abstract

We describe a simple electro-optically activated external-cavity diode laser designed to provide high-speed, high-coherence tuning over gigahertz frequency ranges. Tuning as fast as 23 GHz/µs is demonstrated. Coherence measurements indicate transform-limited quiescent laser linewidth in observation windows as wide as 100 µs and transform-limited chirps. A self-heterodyne, cross-correlation-based coherence diagnostic is developed for characterizing phase coherence during high-speed chirps.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1998 (1)

1997 (1)

O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

S. Atutov, E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 107, 83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Wacogne, J. Goedgebuer, and H. Porte, Opt. Lett. 19, 1334 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

J. Maki, N. S. Campbell, C. M. Grande, R. P. Knorpp, and D. H. McIntyre, Opt. Commun. 102, 251 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. (France) III 2, 1557 (1992).

1991 (4)

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Harvey and C. Myatt, Opt. Lett. 16, 910 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Favre and D. Le Guen, Electron. Lett. 27, 183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Andrews, Opt. Lett. 16, 732 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

G. Coquin and K. Cheung, Electron. Lett. 24, 599 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

C. Tang, V. Kreismanis, and J. Ballantyne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, J.

Atutov, S.

S. Atutov, E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 107, 83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y. S.

Ballantyne, J.

C. Tang, V. Kreismanis, and J. Ballantyne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bicchi, P.

S. Atutov, E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 107, 83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boggs, B.

Borysow, J.

Campbell, N. S.

J. Maki, N. S. Campbell, C. M. Grande, R. P. Knorpp, and D. H. McIntyre, Opt. Commun. 102, 251 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cerez, P.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. (France) III 2, 1557 (1992).

Cheung, K.

G. Coquin and K. Cheung, Electron. Lett. 24, 599 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Coquin, G.

G. Coquin and K. Cheung, Electron. Lett. 24, 599 (1988).
[CrossRef]

de Labachelerie, M.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. (France) III 2, 1557 (1992).

Favre, F.

F. Favre and D. Le Guen, Electron. Lett. 27, 183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Filimonov, S.

Goedgebuer, J.

Goncharov, I.

O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grachev, A.

O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grande, C. M.

J. Maki, N. S. Campbell, C. M. Grande, R. P. Knorpp, and D. H. McIntyre, Opt. Commun. 102, 251 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Greiner, C.

Harvey, K.

Hollberg, L.

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kazharsky, O.

O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kemssu, P.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. (France) III 2, 1557 (1992).

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Knorpp, R. P.

J. Maki, N. S. Campbell, C. M. Grande, R. P. Knorpp, and D. H. McIntyre, Opt. Commun. 102, 251 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kreismanis, V.

C. Tang, V. Kreismanis, and J. Ballantyne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Laschek, M.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Latrasse, C.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. (France) III 2, 1557 (1992).

Le Guen, D.

F. Favre and D. Le Guen, Electron. Lett. 27, 183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Maki, J.

J. Maki, N. S. Campbell, C. M. Grande, R. P. Knorpp, and D. H. McIntyre, Opt. Commun. 102, 251 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

S. Atutov, E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 107, 83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, E.

S. Atutov, E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 107, 83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matveev, A.

O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McIntyre, D. H.

J. Maki, N. S. Campbell, C. M. Grande, R. P. Knorpp, and D. H. McIntyre, Opt. Commun. 102, 251 (1993).
[CrossRef]

McNicholl, P.

Metcalf, H.

Meucci, M.

S. Atutov, E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 107, 83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mironov, Y.

O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moi, L.

S. Atutov, E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 107, 83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Myatt, C.

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pakhomov, S.

O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Porte, H.

Przyklenk, K.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C.

C. Tang, V. Kreismanis, and J. Ballantyne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wacogne, B.

Wandt, D.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Welling, H.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Tang, V. Kreismanis, and J. Ballantyne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

G. Coquin and K. Cheung, Electron. Lett. 24, 599 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Favre and D. Le Guen, Electron. Lett. 27, 183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (France) III (1)

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. (France) III 2, 1557 (1992).

Opt. Commun. (4)

S. Atutov, E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 107, 83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O. Kazharsky, S. Pakhomov, A. Grachev, Y. Mironov, I. Goncharov, and A. Matveev, Opt. Commun. 137, 77 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Maki, N. S. Campbell, C. M. Grande, R. P. Knorpp, and D. H. McIntyre, Opt. Commun. 102, 251 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the external-cavity diode laser. (b) Schematic of the experimental setup: ECDL, external-cavity diode laser; other abbreviations defined in text. Interferometric time delay τD is created by free space or fiber propagation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interferometer intensity beat signal linewidths as a function of laser linewidth calculated assuming a time delay τD=40 µs and one of four different phase evolution models for the laser field. The symbols ×, , , and , respectively, refer to phase models (1), (2), (3), and (4) described in the text. Dashed line, Δνbeat=2Δνlaser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Interferometer output intensity beat signal versus time during an 80-ns frequency chirp. Filled circles, recorded data; solid curve, fit of the linear frequency chirp to the data; dashed line, frequency of the fit to the beat signal. (b) Interferometer output intensity beat signal versus time during a 350-ns frequency chirp. Solid curve, recorded data; dashed curve, frequency of the fit to the beat signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Average cross-correlation magnitude of simulated beat signals during frequency sweeps of a phase-noisy laser field. (b) Cross-correlation magnitude for two experimental beat signals during frequency sweeps of RCH23 GHz/µs. (c) Cross-correlation magnitude for two experimental beat signals during frequency sweeps of 100 kHz/µs.

Equations (1)

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CCRτ=Ibeat1tIbeat2t+τdt,

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