Abstract

Negative index gratings in planar germanosilicate waveguides were found to be stable up to 500 °C. The annealing properties are similar to those of negative index fiber gratings.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Dong, W. F. Liu, and L. Reekie, Opt. Lett. 21, 2032 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Åslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Janos and J. Canning, Electron. Lett. 31, 1007 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. V. Bazylenko, M. Gross, A. Simonian, and P. L. Chu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14, 336 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Bazylenko, D. Moss, and J. Canning, Opt. Lett. 23, 697 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Canning and M. Åslund, in Summer School on Photosensitivity in Optical Waveguides and Glasses, H. Limberger, ed. (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1998), postdeadline paper 1.
  9. W. W. Duley, UV Lasers: Effects and Applications in Materials Science (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. G. Inglis, “Photoinduced effects in Optical fibres,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Sydney, Syndey, NSW, Australia, 1997).

1998

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Åslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Bazylenko, D. Moss, and J. Canning, Opt. Lett. 23, 697 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

L. Dong, W. F. Liu, and L. Reekie, Opt. Lett. 21, 2032 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Bazylenko, M. Gross, A. Simonian, and P. L. Chu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

M. Janos and J. Canning, Electron. Lett. 31, 1007 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Åslund, M.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Åslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning and M. Åslund, in Summer School on Photosensitivity in Optical Waveguides and Glasses, H. Limberger, ed. (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1998), postdeadline paper 1.

Bayon, J. F.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bazylenko, M.

M. Bazylenko, D. Moss, and J. Canning, Opt. Lett. 23, 697 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Åslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bazylenko, M. V.

M. V. Bazylenko, M. Gross, A. Simonian, and P. L. Chu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boj, S.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Åslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Bazylenko, D. Moss, and J. Canning, Opt. Lett. 23, 697 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Janos and J. Canning, Electron. Lett. 31, 1007 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning and M. Åslund, in Summer School on Photosensitivity in Optical Waveguides and Glasses, H. Limberger, ed. (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1998), postdeadline paper 1.

Chu, P. L.

M. V. Bazylenko, M. Gross, A. Simonian, and P. L. Chu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Delevaque, E.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Douay, M.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Duley, W. W.

W. W. Duley, UV Lasers: Effects and Applications in Materials Science (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Faith, M.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Georges, T.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gross, M.

M. V. Bazylenko, M. Gross, A. Simonian, and P. L. Chu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inglis, H. G.

H. G. Inglis, “Photoinduced effects in Optical fibres,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Sydney, Syndey, NSW, Australia, 1997).

Janos, M.

M. Janos and J. Canning, Electron. Lett. 31, 1007 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kemeny, P.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leech, P.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Legoubin, S.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leisteiko, O.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. F.

Monerie, M.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D.

M. Bazylenko, D. Moss, and J. Canning, Opt. Lett. 23, 697 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Åslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Niay, P.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, C. V.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Simonian, A.

M. V. Bazylenko, M. Gross, A. Simonian, and P. L. Chu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taunay, T.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W. X.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Åslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Janos and J. Canning, Electron. Lett. 31, 1007 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Faith, P. Leech, P. Kemeny, C. V. Poulsen, and O. Leisteiko, Electron. Lett. 32, 1479 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, T. Taunay, M. Douay, E. Delevaque, S. Boj, and B. Poumellec, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 391 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A

M. V. Bazylenko, M. Gross, A. Simonian, and P. L. Chu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14, 336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, S. Legoubin, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

H. G. Inglis, “Photoinduced effects in Optical fibres,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Sydney, Syndey, NSW, Australia, 1997).

J. Canning and M. Åslund, in Summer School on Photosensitivity in Optical Waveguides and Glasses, H. Limberger, ed. (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1998), postdeadline paper 1.

W. W. Duley, UV Lasers: Effects and Applications in Materials Science (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Grating rejection versus time at fixed temperature.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Bragg wavelength versus temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Modulated index versus time at various annealing temperatures.

Equations (1)

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Δnmod=tanh-1RλBragg/ηLπ,

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