Abstract

We have demonstrated dual-wavelength continuous-wave oscillation at 3 and 2 µm with a Ho-doped ZrF4BaF2LaF3AlF3NaF fluoride-glass fiber laser by use of a cascade oscillation scheme. We have shown that the fiber laser operates with a high slope efficiency of 52% (at 3 and 2 µm) with respect to the absorbed pump power. With a 6.5-m-long fiber we achieved an output power of 90 mW at each of the wavelengths that was limited only by the pump power, and the 3µm output power is to our knowledge higher than any previously reported level with 3µm Ho3+-doped fiber lasers.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1513 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. G. Bayly, V. B. Kartha, and W. H. Stevens, Infrared Phys. 3, 211 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Wetenkamp, G. F. West, and H. Többen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 35 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Wetenkamp, Electron. Lett. 26, 883 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Schneider, Electron. Lett. 31, 250 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 1866 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 354 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Sumiyoshi and H. Sekita, in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1997 Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), paper ThCC2.
  10. W. W. Rigrod, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 377 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Sanchez, B. Meziane, T. Chartier, G. Stephan, and P. L. François, Appl. Opt. 34, 7674 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. S. Quimby and W. J. Miniscalco, Appl. Opt. 28, 14 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2064 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Tanimura, M. D. Shinn, and W. A. Sibley, Phys. Rev. B 30, 2429 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1995

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Schneider, Electron. Lett. 31, 250 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Sanchez, B. Meziane, T. Chartier, G. Stephan, and P. L. François, Appl. Opt. 34, 7674 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2064 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 1866 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Wetenkamp, G. F. West, and H. Többen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1513 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

L. Wetenkamp, Electron. Lett. 26, 883 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

1984

K. Tanimura, M. D. Shinn, and W. A. Sibley, Phys. Rev. B 30, 2429 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978

W. W. Rigrod, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 377 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1963

J. G. Bayly, V. B. Kartha, and W. H. Stevens, Infrared Phys. 3, 211 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Allain, J. Y.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1513 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bayly, J. G.

J. G. Bayly, V. B. Kartha, and W. H. Stevens, Infrared Phys. 3, 211 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Bunea, G.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bunea, M.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, T.

Davey, S. T.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2064 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 1866 (1992).
[CrossRef]

François, P. L.

Ghisler, Ch.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kartha, V. B.

J. G. Bayly, V. B. Kartha, and W. H. Stevens, Infrared Phys. 3, 211 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Lüthy, W.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meziane, B.

Miniscalco, W. J.

Monerie, M.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1513 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Percival, R. M.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2064 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 1866 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1513 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Quimby, R. S.

Rigrod, W. W.

W. W. Rigrod, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 377 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

Schneider, J.

J. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Schneider, Electron. Lett. 31, 250 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sekita, H.

T. Sumiyoshi and H. Sekita, in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1997 Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), paper ThCC2.

Shinn, M. D.

K. Tanimura, M. D. Shinn, and W. A. Sibley, Phys. Rev. B 30, 2429 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sibley, W. A.

K. Tanimura, M. D. Shinn, and W. A. Sibley, Phys. Rev. B 30, 2429 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stephan, G.

Stevens, W. H.

J. G. Bayly, V. B. Kartha, and W. H. Stevens, Infrared Phys. 3, 211 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Sumiyoshi, T.

T. Sumiyoshi and H. Sekita, in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1997 Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), paper ThCC2.

Szebesta, D.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 1866 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2064 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanimura, K.

K. Tanimura, M. D. Shinn, and W. A. Sibley, Phys. Rev. B 30, 2429 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Többen, H.

L. Wetenkamp, G. F. West, and H. Többen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
[CrossRef]

West, G. F.

L. Wetenkamp, G. F. West, and H. Többen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wetenkamp, L.

L. Wetenkamp, G. F. West, and H. Többen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Wetenkamp, Electron. Lett. 26, 883 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995); M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 657 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1513 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. Wetenkamp, Electron. Lett. 26, 883 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Schneider, Electron. Lett. 31, 250 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 1866 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2064 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

W. W. Rigrod, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 377 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys.

J. G. Bayly, V. B. Kartha, and W. H. Stevens, Infrared Phys. 3, 211 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

L. Wetenkamp, G. F. West, and H. Többen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

K. Tanimura, M. D. Shinn, and W. A. Sibley, Phys. Rev. B 30, 2429 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Sumiyoshi and H. Sekita, in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1997 Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), paper ThCC2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic energy-level diagram of Ho ions in ZBLAN glass fiber. GSA, ground-state absorption.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser output power as a function of the absorbed pump power with different resonator configurations and fiber lengths. Filled shapes, 3µm output power; open shapes, the whole two-wavelength output power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser spectra of (a) the 3µm band and (b) the 2µm band with a 6.5-m-long fiber pumped by an absorbed 890-nm Ti:S laser of 500 mW.

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