Abstract

Permanent grating patterns have been written directly in lead–tin-fluorophosphate glasses by use of UV radiation. The effect of photorefraction is studied in different tin-fluorophosphate compositions. Recorded gratings are found to be volume rather than surface elements. The induced index changes are comparable with those seen in GeO2SiO2 glasses.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  13. P. A. Tick, “Tin-phosphorus oxyfluoride glass containing aromatic organic compound,” U.S. patent4,379,070 (April5, 1983).
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  15. M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Gehr, G. Fischer, R. Boyd, and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 53, 2792 (1996).

1995 (1)

M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1992 (3)

R. K. Brow, C. C. Phifer, X. J. Xu, and D. E. Day, Phys. Chem. Glasses 33, 33 (1992).

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. He and M. Cada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2150 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. He, W. Bryant, and P. Vankateswarlu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1935 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Jenekhe, W. Chen, L. Saukwan, and S. Flom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

1984 (1)

P. A. Tick, Phys. Chem. Glasses 25, 149 (1984).

1982 (1)

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Bertolotti, M.

M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R.

J. Gehr, G. Fischer, R. Boyd, and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 53, 2792 (1996).

Boyd, R. W.

Brow, R. K.

R. K. Brow, C. C. Phifer, X. J. Xu, and D. E. Day, Phys. Chem. Glasses 33, 33 (1992).

Brown, T. G.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, W.

K. He, W. Bryant, and P. Vankateswarlu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1935 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cada, M.

J. He and M. Cada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2150 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

S. Jenekhe, W. Chen, L. Saukwan, and S. Flom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cherbari, P.

M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chumash, V.

M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Day, D. E.

R. K. Brow, C. C. Phifer, X. J. Xu, and D. E. Day, Phys. Chem. Glasses 33, 33 (1992).

Doran, N. J.

Fischer, G.

J. Gehr, G. Fischer, R. Boyd, and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 53, 2792 (1996).

Flom, S.

S. Jenekhe, W. Chen, L. Saukwan, and S. Flom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gehr, J.

J. Gehr, G. Fischer, R. Boyd, and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 53, 2792 (1996).

George, N.

Gibbs, H. M.

H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability:?Controlling Light with Light (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985).

Hall, D. W.

He, J.

J. He and M. Cada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2150 (1992).
[CrossRef]

He, K.

K. He, W. Bryant, and P. Vankateswarlu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1935 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jenekhe, S.

S. Jenekhe, W. Chen, L. Saukwan, and S. Flom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, S. M.

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Michelotti, F.

M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phifer, C. C.

R. K. Brow, C. C. Phifer, X. J. Xu, and D. E. Day, Phys. Chem. Glasses 33, 33 (1992).

Popescu, M.

M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Prelewitz, D. F.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Sankey, N. D.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Saukwan, L.

S. Jenekhe, W. Chen, L. Saukwan, and S. Flom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J.

J. Gehr, G. Fischer, R. Boyd, and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 53, 2792 (1996).

Tick, P. A.

W. R. Tompkin, R. W. Boyd, D. W. Hall, and P. A. Tick, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1030 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Tick, Phys. Chem. Glasses 25, 149 (1984).

P. A. Tick, “Tin-phosphorus oxyfluoride glass containing aromatic organic compound,” U.S. patent4,379,070 (April5, 1983).

Tompkin, W. R.

Vankateswarlu, P.

K. He, W. Bryant, and P. Vankateswarlu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1935 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

Xu, X. J.

R. K. Brow, C. C. Phifer, X. J. Xu, and D. E. Day, Phys. Chem. Glasses 33, 33 (1992).

Zamfira, S.

M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K. He, W. Bryant, and P. Vankateswarlu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1935 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. He and M. Cada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2150 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Jenekhe, W. Chen, L. Saukwan, and S. Flom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

M. Bertolotti, F. Michelotti, V. Chumash, P. Cherbari, M. Popescu, and S. Zamfira, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192, 657 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Chem. Glasses (2)

R. K. Brow, C. C. Phifer, X. J. Xu, and D. E. Day, Phys. Chem. Glasses 33, 33 (1992).

P. A. Tick, Phys. Chem. Glasses 25, 149 (1984).

Phys. Rev. A At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

J. Gehr, G. Fischer, R. Boyd, and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. A At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 53, 2792 (1996).

Other (2)

P. A. Tick, “Tin-phosphorus oxyfluoride glass containing aromatic organic compound,” U.S. patent4,379,070 (April5, 1983).

H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability:?Controlling Light with Light (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of a 47SnF247PO2.54PbO2SnCl2 thin-plate sample. Instrument sensitivity did not allow for reliable measurement below 285 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a, Pseudo-schieleren micrograph of the recorded 13µm grating, indicating the strong volume-index modu-lation. b, Scanning electron micrograph of the grating.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative diffraction efficiencies of the gratings recorded in lead and zinc glass compositions. The error bars indicate the maximum fluctuation of the diffracted efficiency across the exposed region. Each pulse corresponds to approximately 8 mJ/cm2. Average beam energy was 200 mW with a 30-Hz repetition rate. b, Relative diffraction efficiencies of the gratings recorded in compositions with varying oxygen ratio.

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