Abstract

The relative contributions of optical aberrations of the cornea and the crystalline lens to the final image quality of the human eye were studied. The aberrations of the entire eye were obtained from pairs of double-pass retinal images, and the aberrations of the cornea were obtained from videokeratographic data. Third-order spherical aberration and coma were significantly larger for the cornea than for the complete eye, indicating a significant role of the lens in compensating for corneal aberrations. In a second experiment retinal images were recorded in an eye before and after we neutralized the aberrations of the cornea by having the subjects wear swimming goggles filled with saline water, providing a direct estimate of the optical performance of the crystalline lens.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Young, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 19, 23 (1801).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. G. El Hage and F. Berny, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 205 (1973).
  3. A. Tomlinson, R. P. Hemenger, and R. Garriott, Invest. Opthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 621 (1993).
  4. J. Santamaría, P. Artal, and J. Bescos, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1109 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and D. R. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 195 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Artal, I. Iglesias, N. López-Gil, and D. G. Green, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2358 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. Iglesias, N. López-Gil, and P. Artal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 326 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Iglesias, E. Berrio, and P. Artal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2466 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. J. Noll, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 207 (1976).
  10. J. Schwiegerling, J. E. Greivenkamp, and J. M. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2105 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. A. Applegate, R. Nuñez, J. Buettner, and H. C. Howland, Optom. Vis. Sci. 72, 785 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Millodot and J. Sivak, Vision Res. 19, 685 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, Opt. Eng. 34, 772 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Artal, M. Ferro, I. Miranda, and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1656 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

1995 (5)

1993 (2)

A. Tomlinson, R. P. Hemenger, and R. Garriott, Invest. Opthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 621 (1993).

P. Artal, M. Ferro, I. Miranda, and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1656 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1979 (1)

M. Millodot and J. Sivak, Vision Res. 19, 685 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

1973 (1)

1801 (1)

T. Young, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 19, 23 (1801).
[CrossRef]

Applegate, R. A.

R. A. Applegate, R. Nuñez, J. Buettner, and H. C. Howland, Optom. Vis. Sci. 72, 785 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Artal, P.

Berny, F.

Berrio, E.

Bescos, J.

Buettner, J.

R. A. Applegate, R. Nuñez, J. Buettner, and H. C. Howland, Optom. Vis. Sci. 72, 785 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El Hage, S. G.

Ferro, M.

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, Opt. Eng. 34, 772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, M. Ferro, I. Miranda, and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1656 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garriott, R.

A. Tomlinson, R. P. Hemenger, and R. Garriott, Invest. Opthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 621 (1993).

Green, D. G.

Greivenkamp, J. E.

Hemenger, R. P.

A. Tomlinson, R. P. Hemenger, and R. Garriott, Invest. Opthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 621 (1993).

Howland, H. C.

R. A. Applegate, R. Nuñez, J. Buettner, and H. C. Howland, Optom. Vis. Sci. 72, 785 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iglesias, I.

López-Gil, N.

Marcos, S.

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and D. R. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 195 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, Opt. Eng. 34, 772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Miller, J. M.

Millodot, M.

M. Millodot and J. Sivak, Vision Res. 19, 685 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Miranda, I.

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, Opt. Eng. 34, 772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, M. Ferro, I. Miranda, and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1656 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Navarro, R.

Noll, R. J.

Nuñez, R.

R. A. Applegate, R. Nuñez, J. Buettner, and H. C. Howland, Optom. Vis. Sci. 72, 785 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santamaría, J.

Schwiegerling, J.

Sivak, J.

M. Millodot and J. Sivak, Vision Res. 19, 685 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, A.

A. Tomlinson, R. P. Hemenger, and R. Garriott, Invest. Opthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 621 (1993).

Williams, D. R.

Young, T.

T. Young, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 19, 23 (1801).
[CrossRef]

Invest. Opthalmol. Visual Sci. (1)

A. Tomlinson, R. P. Hemenger, and R. Garriott, Invest. Opthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 621 (1993).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (7)

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, Opt. Eng. 34, 772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Optom. Vis. Sci. (1)

R. A. Applegate, R. Nuñez, J. Buettner, and H. C. Howland, Optom. Vis. Sci. 72, 785 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London (1)

T. Young, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 19, 23 (1801).
[CrossRef]

Vision Res. (1)

M. Millodot and J. Sivak, Vision Res. 19, 685 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Results for subject AG: WA’s, represented module-λ, for a, the cornea, b, the complete eye, and c, the lens. The bars represent 4 mm over the pupil. The associated point-spread functions for d, the cornea, e, the complete eye, and f, the lens, were calculated at best focus. The bars represent 20 min of arc of visual field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

MTF’s calculated from the WA’s of the cornea, the complete eye, and the lens at best focus, with a 4-mm pupil diameter, for two subjects, a, PR and b, PA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

MTF’s measured for the complete eye and for the lens (with the subject wearing swimming goggles filled with saline water) at best focus with 4-mm pupil diameter for subject PA. These MTF’s were computed directly from the double-pass retinal images and therefore include all the aberrations, so they are lower than the MTF’s in Fig. 2b for the same subject, which include only 15 terms in the expansion of the Zernike polynomials.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Values (in λ) of the Seidel Aberrations (4-mm Pupil Diameter)

Metrics