Abstract

Multiple digital data pages (480 kbits per page) were holographically recorded and retrieved with low bit-error rates in thick (250 and 500µm) photopolymer media. The photopolymer systems were fabricated with the optical quality and low level of scatter required for digital data storage. We believe that these results represent the first demonstration of holographic storage of high-capacity digital data pages in photopolymer media with the thickness that will be required for such storage densities.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (2)

1994 (2)

H.-Y. S. Li and D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 33, 3764 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994); R. E. Blahut, Principles and Practice of Information Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1976 (1)

W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 95 (1976); B. M. Monroe, W. K. Smothers, D. E. Keys, R. R. Krebs, D. J. Mickish, A. F. Harrington, S. R. Schicker, M. K. Armstrong, D. M. T. Chan, and C. I. Weathers, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 19 (1991); B. M. Monroe, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 25 (1991); R. T. Ingwall and H. L. Fielding, Proc. SPIE 523, 306 (1985); D. A. Waldman and H.-Y. S. Li, Proc. SPIE 3010, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aumiller, G. D.

W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 95 (1976); B. M. Monroe, W. K. Smothers, D. E. Keys, R. R. Krebs, D. J. Mickish, A. F. Harrington, S. R. Schicker, M. K. Armstrong, D. M. T. Chan, and C. I. Weathers, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 19 (1991); B. M. Monroe, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 25 (1991); R. T. Ingwall and H. L. Fielding, Proc. SPIE 523, 306 (1985); D. A. Waldman and H.-Y. S. Li, Proc. SPIE 3010, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bair, H.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bashaw, M. C.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994); R. E. Blahut, Principles and Practice of Information Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernal, M.-P.

Boyd, C.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burr, G. W.

Campbell, S.

Chandross, E. A.

W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 95 (1976); B. M. Monroe, W. K. Smothers, D. E. Keys, R. R. Krebs, D. J. Mickish, A. F. Harrington, S. R. Schicker, M. K. Armstrong, D. M. T. Chan, and C. I. Weathers, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 19 (1991); B. M. Monroe, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 25 (1991); R. T. Ingwall and H. L. Fielding, Proc. SPIE 523, 306 (1985); D. A. Waldman and H.-Y. S. Li, Proc. SPIE 3010, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Colvin, V.

V. Colvin, R. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. Schilling, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Coufal, H.

Curtis, K.

K. Curtis, presented at the 1997 Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America, Long Beach, Calif., October 1997.

Dhar, L.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grygier, R. K.

Gunther, H.

Harris, A. L.

V. Colvin, R. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. Schilling, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heanue, J. F.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994); R. E. Blahut, Principles and Practice of Information Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hesselink, L.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994); R. E. Blahut, Principles and Practice of Information Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoffnagle, J. A.

Jefferson, C. M.

Larson, R.

V. Colvin, R. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. Schilling, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.-Y. S.

Lin, S.-H.

Macfarlane, R. M.

Psaltis, D.

Pu, A.

Schilling, M.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Colvin, R. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. Schilling, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schnoes, M.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

Sincerbox, G. T.

Tomlinson, W. J.

W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 95 (1976); B. M. Monroe, W. K. Smothers, D. E. Keys, R. R. Krebs, D. J. Mickish, A. F. Harrington, S. R. Schicker, M. K. Armstrong, D. M. T. Chan, and C. I. Weathers, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 19 (1991); B. M. Monroe, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 25 (1991); R. T. Ingwall and H. L. Fielding, Proc. SPIE 523, 306 (1985); D. A. Waldman and H.-Y. S. Li, Proc. SPIE 3010, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 95 (1976); B. M. Monroe, W. K. Smothers, D. E. Keys, R. R. Krebs, D. J. Mickish, A. F. Harrington, S. R. Schicker, M. K. Armstrong, D. M. T. Chan, and C. I. Weathers, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 19 (1991); B. M. Monroe, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 25 (1991); R. T. Ingwall and H. L. Fielding, Proc. SPIE 523, 306 (1985); D. A. Waldman and H.-Y. S. Li, Proc. SPIE 3010, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, T.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

Yi, X.

Appl. Opt. (3)

W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 95 (1976); B. M. Monroe, W. K. Smothers, D. E. Keys, R. R. Krebs, D. J. Mickish, A. F. Harrington, S. R. Schicker, M. K. Armstrong, D. M. T. Chan, and C. I. Weathers, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 19 (1991); B. M. Monroe, J. Imaging Sci. 35, 25 (1991); R. T. Ingwall and H. L. Fielding, Proc. SPIE 523, 306 (1985); D. A. Waldman and H.-Y. S. Li, Proc. SPIE 3010, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Pu and D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 35, 2389 (1996); K. Curtis and D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 31, 7425 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-Y. S. Li and D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 33, 3764 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

V. Colvin, R. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. Schilling, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994); R. E. Blahut, Principles and Practice of Information Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

K. Curtis, presented at the 1997 Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America, Long Beach, Calif., October 1997.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical system used for digital holographic data storage. The amplitude mask is illuminated with a plane wave and imaged through lenses L1 and L2 onto the phase mask. The data page is then Fourier transformed onto the recording plane by lens L3 and imaged through lenses L4 and L5 onto the CCD camera. Lens L5 is used to optimize the 1:1 imaging of the data page pixel array onto the CCD array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Straight-through image of a 480-kbit data page that uses a 250µmthick sample. The intensities were digitized with a Princeton Instruments ST138 CCD camera with 16-bit resolution. (b) Enlarged view of the top left-hand corner of the straight-through image. (c) Histogram of the intensities of the pixels of the complete 480-kbit straight-through data page. The calculated raw BER is 2.6×10-6. (Before we calculated this plot the intensities of the pixels were normalized such that the local averages of the on and off bits equaled the global averages.) Inset, the data plotted on a logarithmic scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Histogram of the intensities of the pixels of the first recovered hologram in a set of 20 recorded in a 255µmthick photopolymer sample. The plot shows the intensities of the entire 480-kbit data page. The calculated raw BER is 9.3×10-4. (b) Histogram of the intensities of the pixels of the fourteenth recovered hologram in the same set. The plot represents the intensities of the entire 480-kbit data page. The calculated raw BER is 1.2×10-3. Insets, the data plotted on a logarithmic scale.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Average Raw BER of Recovered Holograms Recorded in Photopolymer Media

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