Abstract

High-rejection–low-loss single-passband filters have been successfully fabricated by the chirped-grating concatenation method in a cladding depressed fiber. The enhanced photosensitivity, the enlarged bandgap between the Bragg resonance and the cladding modes, and the effective suppression of the cladding-mode outcoupling of the cladding depressed fiber permitted what is to our knowledge the first achievement of an 1dB loss in the passband and 50-dB rejection for a 50-nm-wide stop band covering the entire amplified spontaneous emission spectral range of an Er-doped fiber amplifier.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, Opt. Lett. 14, 823 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Zhang, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, and C. M. Ragdale, Opt. Lett. 20, 1927 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. A. Everall, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, X. Liu, J. S. Aitchison, S. Thoms, and R. M. De La Rue, Opt. Lett. 22, 1473 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Dong, L. Reekie, and J. L. Cruz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1897 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. J. Hewlett, J. D. Love, G. Meltz, T. J. Bailey, and W. W. Morey, Electron. Lett. 31, 820 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. O. Berendt, L. Gruner-Nielsen, C. E. Soccolich, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 7.
  12. M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Harper, F. M. Knox, P. N. Kean, L. Zhang, N. J. Doran, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThF3.

1997 (5)

L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, L. Reekie, and J. L. Cruz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Everall, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, X. Liu, J. S. Aitchison, S. Thoms, and R. M. De La Rue, Opt. Lett. 22, 1473 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, and C. M. Ragdale, Opt. Lett. 20, 1927 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Hewlett, J. D. Love, G. Meltz, T. J. Bailey, and W. W. Morey, Electron. Lett. 31, 820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Aitchison, J. S.

Armes, D.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bagratashvili, V. N.

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, T. J.

S. J. Hewlett, J. D. Love, G. Meltz, T. J. Bailey, and W. W. Morey, Electron. Lett. 31, 820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

L. A. Everall, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, X. Liu, J. S. Aitchison, S. Thoms, and R. M. De La Rue, Opt. Lett. 22, 1473 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, and C. M. Ragdale, Opt. Lett. 20, 1927 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Harper, F. M. Knox, P. N. Kean, L. Zhang, N. J. Doran, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThF3.

Berendt, M. O.

M. O. Berendt, L. Gruner-Nielsen, C. E. Soccolich, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 7.

Bjarklev, A.

M. O. Berendt, L. Gruner-Nielsen, C. E. Soccolich, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 7.

Canning, J.

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J. E.

L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chrisholm, K. E.

K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

L. Dong, L. Reekie, and J. L. Cruz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

de Sandro, J. P.

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, L. Reekie, and J. L. Cruz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

P. Harper, F. M. Knox, P. N. Kean, L. Zhang, N. J. Doran, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThF3.

Everall, L. A.

L. A. Everall, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, X. Liu, J. S. Aitchison, S. Thoms, and R. M. De La Rue, Opt. Lett. 22, 1473 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fallon, R. W.

K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Farries, M. C.

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Glenn, W. H.

Goodwin, M. J.

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

M. O. Berendt, L. Gruner-Nielsen, C. E. Soccolich, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 7.

Harper, P.

P. Harper, F. M. Knox, P. N. Kean, L. Zhang, N. J. Doran, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThF3.

Hewlett, S. J.

S. J. Hewlett, J. D. Love, G. Meltz, T. J. Bailey, and W. W. Morey, Electron. Lett. 31, 820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

P. Harper, F. M. Knox, P. N. Kean, L. Zhang, N. J. Doran, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThF3.

Knox, F. M.

P. Harper, F. M. Knox, P. N. Kean, L. Zhang, N. J. Doran, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThF3.

Laming, R. I.

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. F.

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Love, J. D.

S. J. Hewlett, J. D. Love, G. Meltz, T. J. Bailey, and W. W. Morey, Electron. Lett. 31, 820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McKee, P. F.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meltz, G.

S. J. Hewlett, J. D. Love, G. Meltz, T. J. Bailey, and W. W. Morey, Electron. Lett. 31, 820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, Opt. Lett. 14, 823 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molony, A.

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

S. J. Hewlett, J. D. Love, G. Meltz, T. J. Bailey, and W. W. Morey, Electron. Lett. 31, 820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, Opt. Lett. 14, 823 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortega, B.

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ragdale, C. M.

Reekie, L.

L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, L. Reekie, and J. L. Cruz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. C. J.

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, and C. M. Ragdale, Opt. Lett. 20, 1927 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Soccolich, C. E.

M. O. Berendt, L. Gruner-Nielsen, C. E. Soccolich, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 7.

Sugden, K.

L. A. Everall, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, X. Liu, J. S. Aitchison, S. Thoms, and R. M. De La Rue, Opt. Lett. 22, 1473 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, and C. M. Ragdale, Opt. Lett. 20, 1927 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thoms, S.

Tsypina, S. I.

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. A. R.

Zhang, L.

K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, and C. M. Ragdale, Opt. Lett. 20, 1927 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Harper, F. M. Knox, P. N. Kean, L. Zhang, N. J. Doran, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThF3.

Electron. Lett. (5)

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, L. Reekie, and J. L. Cruz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Hewlett, J. D. Love, G. Meltz, T. J. Bailey, and W. W. Morey, Electron. Lett. 31, 820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Farries, K. Sugden, D. C. J. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. J. Goodwin, Electron. Lett. 30, 891 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. Ortega, L. Dong, W. F. Liu, J. P. de Sandro, L. Reekie, S. I. Tsypina, V. N. Bagratashvili, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, L. Reekie, J. L. Cruz, J. E. Caplen, J. P. de Sandro, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 64 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. Sugden, L. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, R. W. Fallon, L. A. Everall, K. E. Chrisholm, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

P. Harper, F. M. Knox, P. N. Kean, L. Zhang, N. J. Doran, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThF3.

M. O. Berendt, L. Gruner-Nielsen, C. E. Soccolich, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 7.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Design of the chirped-grating concatenation method to form a single-passband filter with a broad stop band.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Strong uniform-period gratings fabricated in hydrogenated B–Ge-codoped and cladding depressed photosensitive fibers, indicating a remarkably enlarged bandgap between Bragg resonance and cladding modes and significant reduction in cladding-mode outcoupling in the latter fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Successively recorded transmission spectrum. The lighter upper curves are the reference spectra from the EDFA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra of single-passband filters produced in (a) high-Ge-doped, (b) B–Ge-codoped, and (d) depressed cladding fibers by the grating concatenation method and (c) by the postfabrication UV exposure method.

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