Abstract

A new filtering technique for Raman spectroscopy utilizes atomic vapor to suppress strong elastic and Rayleigh scattering while simultaneously resolving individual rotational Raman lines. Filtered images capture high-resolution spectral information in one dimension and spatial resolution in the other dimension. The filter is based on resonance enhanced dispersion, where the index of refraction varies dramatically. In a simple prism geometry the vapor disperses incident radiation according to frequency. A mercury-vapor-based dispersion filter has been fabricated, modeled, and demonstrated to capture pure rotational Raman scattering from CO2.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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