Abstract

Diode-pumped Yb:phosphate and Yb:silicate glass lasers have been passively mode locked for the first time to the authors’ knowledge. Reliable self-starting mode locking without critical cavity alignment has been achieved with intracavity semiconductor saturable-absorber mirrors and soliton mode locking. We generated pulses as short as 58  fs with the Yb:phosphate laser and 61  fs with the Yb:silicate laser at average output powers of 65 and 53  mW, respectively. The pulse repetition rate was 112  MHz. Additionally, we demonstrated tunability of femtosecond pulses from 1025 to 1065  nm for the Yb:phosphate and from 1030 to 1082  nm for the Yb:silicate glasses. The highest mode-locked output power was 405  mW, with 183-fs pulses from the phosphate glass. The diode pump power was 1.68  W, corresponding to 24% optical-to-optical efficiency. The highest cw output power was 510  mW at the same incident pump power.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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1997 (4)

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. Cautaerts, D. J. Richardson, R. Paschotta, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 22, 316 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, U. Griebner, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeber, Opt. Lett. 22, 408 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (3)

H. Bruesselbach and D. S. Sumida, Opt. Lett. 21, 480 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Branch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, B. Braun, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 1140 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1975 (1)

H. A. Haus, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3049 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

Asom, M. T.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

Branch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Branch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brauch, U.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, B. Braun, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 1140 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruesselbach, H.

Cautaerts, V.

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, T. H.

Choi, H. K.

Clarkson, W. A.

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Danger, T.

T. Danger, E. Mix, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeder, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 23.

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ehrt, D.

V. Petrov, U. Griebner, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeber, Opt. Lett. 22, 408 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Danger, E. Mix, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeder, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 23.

Emanuel, M. A.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Ferguson, J. F.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Giesen, A.

Griebner, U.

V. Petrov, U. Griebner, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeber, Opt. Lett. 22, 408 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, R. Koch, H. Schönnagel, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, and S. J. Hamlin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThI1.

Hamlin, S. J.

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, R. Koch, H. Schönnagel, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, and S. J. Hamlin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThI1.

Hanna, D. C.

V. Cautaerts, D. J. Richardson, R. Paschotta, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 22, 316 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3049 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

T. Danger, E. Mix, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeder, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 23.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, G. Zhang, U. Keller, and A. Giesen, Opt. Lett. 20, 2402 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Danger, E. Mix, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeder, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 23.

Hügel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Branch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, R. Koch, H. Schönnagel, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, and S. J. Hamlin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThI1.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Karszewski, M.

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, G. Zhang, U. Keller, and A. Giesen, Opt. Lett. 20, 2402 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, B. Braun, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 1140 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, R.

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, R. Koch, H. Schönnagel, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, and S. J. Hamlin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThI1.

Kopf, D.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lacovara, P.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

Mix, E.

T. Danger, E. Mix, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeder, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 23.

Moser, M.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Myers, M. J.

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, R. Koch, H. Schönnagel, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, and S. J. Hamlin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThI1.

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Branch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Rhonehouse, D.

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, R. Koch, H. Schönnagel, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, and S. J. Hamlin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThI1.

Richardson, D. J.

Schönnagel, H.

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, R. Koch, H. Schönnagel, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, and S. J. Hamlin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThI1.

Seeber, W.

Seeder, W.

T. Danger, E. Mix, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeder, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 23.

Skidmore, J. A.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stewen, C.

Sumida, D. S.

Voss, A.

U. Brauch, A. Giesen, M. Karszewski, C. Stewen, and A. Voss, Opt. Lett. 20, 713 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Branch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. A.

Weingarten, K. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, B. Braun, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 1140 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Branch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, G. Zhang, U. Keller, and A. Giesen, Opt. Lett. 20, 2402 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Branch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 65, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3049 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Koch, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. J. Hamlin, U. Griebner, and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Commun. 134, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (2)

T. Danger, E. Mix, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeder, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 23.

U. Griebner, R. Koch, H. Schönnagel, S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, and S. J. Hamlin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CThI1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Yb:glass laser setup: lenses L1, L2, 5  cm; L3, 60  cm; L4, 50  cm; L5, 13.9  cm. Pump optics: The pick-up lens is aspherical (f=4.5 mm; N.A., 0.55); the cylindrical lenses form a 1:15 Galilean telescope for the slow axis of the diode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tunability of the phosphate glass QX/Yb. Bottom, various pulse spectra, fluorescence spectrum (thick curve), and reflectivity curve of the SESAM (dotted curve). Top, corresponding measured output powers and pulse widths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Shortest pulse intensity autocorrelation (SH, second harmonic) and spectrum obtained with the QX/Yb glass. Dotted curve, fit assuming a sech2 pulse shape.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tunability of the Q-246/Yb silicate glass. Bottom, various pulse spectra, fluorescence spectrum (thick curve), and reflectivity curve of the SESAM (dotted curve). Top, corresponding measured output powers and pulse widths.

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