Abstract

The physical origin of the nonlinear scattering of light induced by focusing of intense laser pulses onto carbon black suspensions (CBS’s) is discussed through the interpretation of limitation, time-resolved pump–probe transmission, and angularly and time-resolved scattering experiments performed with picosecond resolution. Comparison of the experimental results performed on two different solutions of CBS’s in water and in ethanol leads us to the conclusion that the scattering phenomenon begins most probably with growing microplasmas and that the influence of the solvent is significant only at longer times.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1105, 91 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1307, 350 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Mansour, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1100 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. M. Nashold, R. A. Brown, D. P. Walter, and R. C. Honey, Proc. SPIE 1105, 78 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. M. Nashold and D. P. Walter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1228 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. M. Lawson, G. W. Euliss, and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2195 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Opt. Lett. 17, 1055 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. R. Michael, C. M. Lawson, and G. W. Euliss, Proc. SPIE 1626, 205 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Proc. SPIE 1692, 44 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1997 (1)

1996 (1)

T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

K. M. Nashold and D. P. Walter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1228 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fein, Z. Kotler, J. Bar-Sagi, S. Jackel, P. Shaier, and B. Zinger, Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices 11, 277 (1995).

1994 (1)

C. M. Lawson and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (6)

K. J. Mc Ewan and P. A. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 11, 8748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Löwen and P. A. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 11, 8760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Opt. Lett. 17, 1055 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Michael, C. M. Lawson, and G. W. Euliss, Proc. SPIE 1626, 205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Proc. SPIE 1692, 44 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

C. M. Lawson, G. W. Euliss, and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1307, 350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1105, 91 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Nashold, R. A. Brown, D. P. Walter, and R. C. Honey, Proc. SPIE 1105, 78 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Sagi, J.

A. Fein, Z. Kotler, J. Bar-Sagi, S. Jackel, P. Shaier, and B. Zinger, Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices 11, 277 (1995).

Brochard, P.

Brown, R. A.

K. M. Nashold, R. A. Brown, D. P. Walter, and R. C. Honey, Proc. SPIE 1105, 78 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cabanel, R.

Dogariu, A.

T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Euliss, G. W.

R. R. Michael, C. M. Lawson, and G. W. Euliss, Proc. SPIE 1626, 205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Lawson, G. W. Euliss, and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fein, A.

A. Fein, Z. Kotler, J. Bar-Sagi, S. Jackel, P. Shaier, and B. Zinger, Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices 11, 277 (1995).

Grolier-Mazza, V.

Hagan, D. J.

T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Honey, R. C.

K. M. Nashold, R. A. Brown, D. P. Walter, and R. C. Honey, Proc. SPIE 1105, 78 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, S.

A. Fein, Z. Kotler, J. Bar-Sagi, S. Jackel, P. Shaier, and B. Zinger, Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices 11, 277 (1995).

Kotler, Z.

A. Fein, Z. Kotler, J. Bar-Sagi, S. Jackel, P. Shaier, and B. Zinger, Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices 11, 277 (1995).

Lawson, C. M.

C. M. Lawson and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Opt. Lett. 17, 1055 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Proc. SPIE 1692, 44 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael, C. M. Lawson, and G. W. Euliss, Proc. SPIE 1626, 205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Lawson, G. W. Euliss, and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Löwen, H.

H. Löwen and P. A. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 11, 8760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Madden, P. A.

H. Löwen and P. A. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 11, 8760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Mc Ewan and P. A. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 11, 8748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mansour, K.

T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1307, 350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1105, 91 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mc Ewan, K. J.

K. J. Mc Ewan and P. A. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 11, 8748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Michael, R. R.

C. M. Lawson and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Opt. Lett. 17, 1055 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Proc. SPIE 1692, 44 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael, C. M. Lawson, and G. W. Euliss, Proc. SPIE 1626, 205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Lawson, G. W. Euliss, and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nashold, K. M.

K. M. Nashold and D. P. Walter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1228 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Nashold, R. A. Brown, D. P. Walter, and R. C. Honey, Proc. SPIE 1105, 78 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shaier, P.

A. Fein, Z. Kotler, J. Bar-Sagi, S. Jackel, P. Shaier, and B. Zinger, Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices 11, 277 (1995).

Soileau, M. J.

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1307, 350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1105, 91 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1307, 350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1105, 91 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Walter, D. P.

K. M. Nashold and D. P. Walter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1228 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Nashold, R. A. Brown, D. P. Walter, and R. C. Honey, Proc. SPIE 1105, 78 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Xia, T.

T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zinger, B.

A. Fein, Z. Kotler, J. Bar-Sagi, S. Jackel, P. Shaier, and B. Zinger, Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices 11, 277 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. M. Lawson and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Lawson, G. W. Euliss, and R. R. Michael, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

K. J. Mc Ewan and P. A. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 11, 8748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Löwen and P. A. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 11, 8760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices (1)

A. Fein, Z. Kotler, J. Bar-Sagi, S. Jackel, P. Shaier, and B. Zinger, Nonlinear Opt. Princ. Mater. Phenom. Devices 11, 277 (1995).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (6)

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1105, 91 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. J. Soileau, Proc. SPIE 1307, 350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Proc. SPIE 2853, 142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Nashold, R. A. Brown, D. P. Walter, and R. C. Honey, Proc. SPIE 1105, 78 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael, C. M. Lawson, and G. W. Euliss, Proc. SPIE 1626, 205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael and C. M. Lawson, Proc. SPIE 1692, 44 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission of a 30-ps-duration pulse at 0.532 µm focused onto a solution of CBS in ethanol as a function of the pulse fluence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized probe transmission for the solutions of CBS’s in water and in ethanol as a function of probe delay for maximum delays of (a) 1100 ps and (b) 56 ns.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the scattering diagrams of the solutions of CBS’s in water (filled squares) and in ethanol (open circles) for an incident fluence of 1 J/cm2, and delays of (a) 300 ps, (b) 600 ps, (c) 1 ns, and (d) 3 ns. Full scale is 0.24, 0.56, 0.56, 1 in the same arbitrary units for (a), (b), (c), and (d), respectively.

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