Abstract

We developed a compact three-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier laser system that produced peak power in excess of 100 TW for a pulse duration of less than 19 fs and an average power of 19 W at a 10-Hz repetition rate. A final 40-mm-diameter Ti:sapphire amplifier is pumped by a Nd:YAG master-oscillator–power-amplifier system that produces 7-J output of 532-nm radiation. The spatial beam quality is approximately 2 times diffraction limited for the full amplified compressed output pulse. With f/3 optics, this system should therefore be capable of producing a focused intensity of 3×1020 W/cm2.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. Ultrafast Opt. 4, 385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, C. P. J. Barty, and D. Fittinghoff, Opt. Lett. 23, 525 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (3)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (2)

1988 (1)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

G. J. Linford, R. A. Saroyan, J. B. Trenholme, and M. J. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 510 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1973 (1)

J. M. McMahon, J. L. Emmett, J. F. Holzrichter, and J. B. Trenholme, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 992 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

Aoyama, M.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, C. P. J. Barty, and D. Fittinghoff, Opt. Lett. 23, 525 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. Ultrafast Opt. 4, 385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Aoyama and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Commun. 140, 255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bado, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

Bonlie, J.

Boyd, R.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Britten, J. A.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, J. Miller, G. Tietbohl, S. Herman, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, D. Pennington, V. Yanovsky, and K. Wharton, Opt. Lett. 22, 242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Brown, C.

Chambaret, J. P.

Cheriaux, G.

Curley, P. F.

Darpentigny, G.

Emmett, J. L.

J. M. McMahon, J. L. Emmett, J. F. Holzrichter, and J. B. Trenholme, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 992 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Everett, M.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Fittinghoff, D.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, C. P. J. Barty, and D. Fittinghoff, Opt. Lett. 23, 525 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. Ultrafast Opt. 4, 385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Frantz, L. M.

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Glaze, J. A.

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, J. Miller, G. Tietbohl, S. Herman, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, D. Pennington, V. Yanovsky, and K. Wharton, Opt. Lett. 22, 242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Holzrichter, J. F.

J. M. McMahon, J. L. Emmett, J. F. Holzrichter, and J. B. Trenholme, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 992 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-P.

Hunt, J. T.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kato, Y.

Kmetec, J. D.

Korn, G.

Le Blanc, C.

Lemoff, B. E.

Linford, G. J.

G. J. Linford, R. A. Saroyan, J. B. Trenholme, and M. J. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 510 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Macklin, J. J.

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, S.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. Ultrafast Opt. 4, 385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, C. P. J. Barty, and D. Fittinghoff, Opt. Lett. 23, 525 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McMahon, J. M.

J. M. McMahon, J. L. Emmett, J. F. Holzrichter, and J. B. Trenholme, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 992 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Miller, J.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, J. Miller, G. Tietbohl, S. Herman, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, D. Pennington, V. Yanovsky, and K. Wharton, Opt. Lett. 22, 242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Mourou, G.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nguyen, H.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Nodvik, J. S.

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D.

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, J. Miller, G. Tietbohl, S. Herman, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, D. Pennington, V. Yanovsky, and K. Wharton, Opt. Lett. 22, 242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Powell, H. T.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Price, D. F.

Raksi, F.

Renard, P. A.

Rose-Petruck, C.

Salin, F.

Saroyan, R. A.

G. J. Linford, R. A. Saroyan, J. B. Trenholme, and M. J. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 510 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Shiraga, H.

Shore, B. W.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Simmons, W. W.

Squier, J.

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, J. Miller, G. Tietbohl, S. Herman, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, D. Pennington, V. Yanovsky, and K. Wharton, Opt. Lett. 22, 242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Sullivan, A.

Takuma, H.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, C. P. J. Barty, and D. Fittinghoff, Opt. Lett. 23, 525 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. Ultrafast Opt. 4, 385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tien, A.-C.

Tietbohl, G.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, J. Miller, G. Tietbohl, S. Herman, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, D. Pennington, V. Yanovsky, and K. Wharton, Opt. Lett. 22, 242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

Trenholme, J. B.

G. J. Linford, R. A. Saroyan, J. B. Trenholme, and M. J. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 510 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. M. McMahon, J. L. Emmett, J. F. Holzrichter, and J. B. Trenholme, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 992 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

G. J. Linford, R. A. Saroyan, J. B. Trenholme, and M. J. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 510 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wharton, K.

White, W. E.

Wilson, K. R.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Yanovsky, V.

Young, J. F.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. M. McMahon, J. L. Emmett, J. F. Holzrichter, and J. B. Trenholme, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 992 (1973).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Linford, R. A. Saroyan, J. B. Trenholme, and M. J. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 510 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. Ultrafast Opt. (1)

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, and C. P. J. Barty, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. Ultrafast Opt. 4, 385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. Aoyama and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Commun. 140, 255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (9)

Other (1)

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. Miller, J. A. Britten, R. Boyd, M. Everett, S. Herman, H. Nguyen, H. T. Powell, and B. W. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 307–308.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Saturation characteristics of the four-pass Ti:sapphire power amplifier. The three curves are the calculated efficiencies of the power amplifier as a function of pump-pulse fluence for different input pulses. The squares (input fluence, 96 mJ/cm2), circles (input fluence, 115 mJ/cm2), and triangle (input fluence, 168 mJ/cm2) represent the measured efficiencies in the amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured amplified spectrum after the regenerative amplifier (solid curve), the four-pass preamplifier (dashed curve), and the four-pass power amplifier (dotted curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured and calculated autocorrelation. Solid curve, calculated transform-limited autocorrelation based on the measured amplified spectrum after the pulse compressor; circles, measured autocorrelation of the 18.7-fs pulse. Inset: measured amplified spectrum after compression.

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