Abstract

The operation of a diode-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser that uses the cladding-pumping arrangement to produce high-power cw output at wavelengths near 2 µm is reported. We obtained a maximum output power of 5.4 W at a slope efficiency of 31% with respect to the launched pump power at a total optical-to-optical efficiency of 22%. The fiber-laser output wavelength was tuned between 1.880 and 2.033 µm by adjustment of the fiber length, with >4W of power obtainable from 1.94 to 2.01 µm. Self-pulsations detected in the output from the double-clad fiber laser may indicate the presence of ion-clustering effects.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.
  2. H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).
  3. J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
  4. H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
  5. M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.
  6. D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
  7. D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, J. R. Lincoln, and J. E. Townsend, Opt. Commun. 80, 52 (1990).
  8. P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. Francois, F. Sanchez, and G. Stephan, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 359 (1993).
  9. F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, and G. Stephan, Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220 (1993).

1994

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

1993

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. Francois, F. Sanchez, and G. Stephan, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 359 (1993).

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, and G. Stephan, Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220 (1993).

1990

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, J. R. Lincoln, and J. E. Townsend, Opt. Commun. 80, 52 (1990).

1988

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Archambault, J. L.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

Barnes, W. L.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

Cao, J. D.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

Collins, R.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Engstrom, B.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Francois, P. L.

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. Francois, F. Sanchez, and G. Stephan, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 359 (1993).

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, and G. Stephan, Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220 (1993).

Gavrilovic, P.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Grubb, S. G.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Hanna, D. C.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, J. R. Lincoln, and J. E. Townsend, Opt. Commun. 80, 52 (1990).

Hockney, B. H.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

Kea, D.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Laliberte, B.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Laliberte, B. M.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

Laming, R. I.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

Le Boudec, P.

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. Francois, F. Sanchez, and G. Stephan, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 359 (1993).

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, and G. Stephan, Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220 (1993).

Le Flohic, M.

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. Francois, F. Sanchez, and G. Stephan, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 359 (1993).

Lincoln, J. R.

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, J. R. Lincoln, and J. E. Townsend, Opt. Commun. 80, 52 (1990).

McCollum, B. C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Minelly, J. D.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

Minns, R.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Minns, R. A.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

Morkel, P. R.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

Muendel, M.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

Payne, D. N.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

Percival, R. M.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).

Perry, I. R.

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, J. R. Lincoln, and J. E. Townsend, Opt. Commun. 80, 52 (1990).

Po, H.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Reekie, L.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

Robinson, R.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Robinson, R. F.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

Rockney, B.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Rowley, A.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Russell, P. St. J.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

Sanchez, F.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, and G. Stephan, Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220 (1993).

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. Francois, F. Sanchez, and G. Stephan, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 359 (1993).

Smart, R. G.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Stephan, G.

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. Francois, F. Sanchez, and G. Stephan, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 359 (1993).

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, and G. Stephan, Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220 (1993).

Townsend, J. E.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, J. R. Lincoln, and J. E. Townsend, Opt. Commun. 80, 52 (1990).

Tricca, R. R.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

Tropper, A. C.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).

Tumminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Zhang, Y.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

Zhang, Y. H.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

1997 OSA Technical Digest Series

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, and A. Rowley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD30.

1998 OSA Technical Digest Series

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Electron. Lett.

H. Po, J. D. Cao, B. M. Laliberte, R. A. Minns, R. F. Robinson, B. H. Hockney, R. R. Tricca, and Y. H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1500 (1993).

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).

IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).

Opt. Commun.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, J. R. Lincoln, and J. E. Townsend, Opt. Commun. 80, 52 (1990).

Opt. Quantum Electron.

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. Francois, F. Sanchez, and G. Stephan, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 359 (1993).

Phys. Rev. A

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, and G. Stephan, Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220 (1993).

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