Abstract

We show that soliton regeneration through synchronous modulation reduces both amplitude and optical phase noise in a squeezinglike fashion. However, control of optical phase noise is found not to be sufficient to permit error-free phase-shift-keyed soliton transmission, as confirmed by numerical simulations.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2189 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and W. J. Firth, Electron. Lett. 30, 987 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Hasegawa, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IREC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), paper Mo.A.4.1.
  4. J. D. Moores, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 88.
  5. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994), p. 508.
  6. K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and S. J. D. Phoenix, Opt. Commun. 88, 137 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and W. J. Firth, Electron. Lett. 30, 987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2189 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and S. J. D. Phoenix, Opt. Commun. 88, 137 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and W. J. Firth, Electron. Lett. 30, 987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and S. J. D. Phoenix, Opt. Commun. 88, 137 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994), p. 508.

Doran, N. J.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and W. J. Firth, Electron. Lett. 30, 987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and S. J. D. Phoenix, Opt. Commun. 88, 137 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Firth, W. J.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and W. J. Firth, Electron. Lett. 30, 987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

A. Hasegawa, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IREC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), paper Mo.A.4.1.

Kubota, H.

H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2189 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moores, J. D.

J. D. Moores, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 88.

Nakazawa, M.

H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2189 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phoenix, S. J. D.

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and S. J. D. Phoenix, Opt. Commun. 88, 137 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smith, N. J.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and W. J. Firth, Electron. Lett. 30, 987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and W. J. Firth, Electron. Lett. 30, 987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2189 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and S. J. D. Phoenix, Opt. Commun. 88, 137 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. Hasegawa, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IREC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), paper Mo.A.4.1.

J. D. Moores, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 88.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994), p. 508.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Evolution of σAmp as a function of distance in the R systems (IM and PM) and in their NR counterparts.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of Φ and σPhase as functions of distance in two R systems (IM and PM) and in their NR counterparts.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Distribution of soliton amplitude and phase characteristics δA, δΦ in the complex plane in systems without and with PM and IM. Filled and open symbols stand for the R and the NR cases, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Q-factor evolution versus propagation distance.

Equations (1)

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Φ=arctanu2Imudtu2Reudt.

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