Abstract

We present a narrow-bandwidth interference filter in an optical monomode LiNbO3:Ti:Fe channel waveguide operating in the infrared wavelength region around λ=1.55 µm. The filter consists of a thermally fixed refractive-index Bragg grating recorded with visible green light by use of a holographic technique. In a first approach we measure a reflectivity for the infrared light of 60% and a linewidth (FWHM) of 0.11  nm.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Universität-GH Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany (personal communication, March, 1998).
  2. V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Connor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Müller, J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 1628 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. B. Hocker and W. K. Burns, Appl. Opt. 16, 113 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, and R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1796 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Hukriede, D. Kip, and E. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 66, 333 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Kapphan and A. Breitkopf, Phys. Status Solidi A 133, 159 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. F. Nelson and R. M. Mikulyak, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3688 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Kip, B. Gather, H. Bendig, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Status Solidi A 139, 241 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. S. Kim and R. T. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637 (1969).
    [CrossRef]

1998

J. Hukriede, D. Kip, and E. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 66, 333 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Connor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Müller, J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 1628 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. Kip, B. Gather, H. Bendig, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Status Solidi A 139, 241 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. Kapphan and A. Breitkopf, Phys. Status Solidi A 133, 159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1982

S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, and R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1796 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1977

1974

D. F. Nelson and R. M. Mikulyak, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3688 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1969

Y. S. Kim and R. T. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R. C.

S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, and R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1796 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Bravo, J. V.

R. Müller, J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 1628 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arizmendi, L.

R. Müller, J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 1628 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Becker, C.

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Universität-GH Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany (personal communication, March, 1998).

Bendig, H.

D. Kip, B. Gather, H. Bendig, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Status Solidi A 139, 241 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Breer, S.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Breitkopf, A.

S. Kapphan and A. Breitkopf, Phys. Status Solidi A 133, 159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, and R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1796 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

Buse, K.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cabrera, J. M.

R. Müller, J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 1628 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Divino, M. D.

S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, and R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1796 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gao, M.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gather, B.

D. Kip, B. Gather, H. Bendig, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Status Solidi A 139, 241 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Greiner, A.

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Universität-GH Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany (personal communication, March, 1998).

Hocker, G. B.

Hukriede, J.

J. Hukriede, D. Kip, and E. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 66, 333 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kapphan, S.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Kapphan and A. Breitkopf, Phys. Status Solidi A 133, 159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. S.

Y. S. Kim and R. T. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

J. Hukriede, D. Kip, and E. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 66, 333 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Kip, B. Gather, H. Bendig, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Status Solidi A 139, 241 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Korotky, S. K.

S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, and R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1796 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Krätzig, E.

J. Hukriede, D. Kip, and E. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 66, 333 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kip, B. Gather, H. Bendig, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Status Solidi A 139, 241 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leyva, V.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Connor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mikulyak, R. M.

D. F. Nelson and R. M. Mikulyak, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3688 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Minford, W. J.

S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, and R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1796 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Müller, R.

R. Müller, J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 1628 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, D. F.

D. F. Nelson and R. M. Mikulyak, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3688 (1974).
[CrossRef]

O’Connor, B.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Connor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Oesselke, T.

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Universität-GH Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany (personal communication, March, 1998).

Pape, A.

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Universität-GH Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany (personal communication, March, 1998).

Peithmann, K.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rakuljic, G. A.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Connor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. T.

Y. S. Kim and R. T. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Universität-GH Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany (personal communication, March, 1998).

Suche, H.

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Universität-GH Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany (personal communication, March, 1998).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

J. Hukriede, D. Kip, and E. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 66, 333 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Connor, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, and R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1796 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

D. F. Nelson and R. M. Mikulyak, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3688 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Kim and R. T. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D

R. Müller, J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 1628 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A

S. Kapphan and A. Breitkopf, Phys. Status Solidi A 133, 159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Kip, B. Gather, H. Bendig, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Status Solidi A 139, 241 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Universität-GH Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany (personal communication, March, 1998).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup for readout of fixed gratings: OF, optical fiber; P, polarizer; BS, beam splitter; MO1 (MO2), 25× 10× microscope lens; WG, waveguide; ID, iris diaphragm; PD1, PD2, photodetectors; DFB, distributed feedback.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power P of the transmitted and the reflected TE-polarized beams versus readout wavelength λ for a fixed grating in the waveguide.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmitted power Ptrans versus readout wavelength λ for TE-polarized light propagating through the different channels of the waveguide.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmitted power Ptrans versus readout wavelength λ for unpolarized light as well as for polarization states TE and TM.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated and measured effective refractive indices neff versus channel width W.

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