Abstract

We demonstrate a novel apodization technique for holographic data storage using two-photon recording in stoichiometric lithium niobate. The gating light-intensity profile is used to achieve grating apodization inside the bulk of the crystal during recording in the transmission geometry. Experimental Bragg-selectivity curves and theoretical fits indicate a >20-dB drop in multiplexing cross talk.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, and K. F. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 155 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. S. Orlov, A. Akella, L. Hesselink, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1977 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), postdeadline paper CPD29-2.
  4. H. Guenther, G. Wittmann, R. M. Macfarlane, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 22, 1305 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wohlecke, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 185 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996), Chap. 9, pp. 333–336.
  7. H. W. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. A. Neifeld and M. McDonald, Opt. Lett. 21, 1298 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. C. Alferness and P. S. Cross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 843 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. A. Rakuljic and V. Leyva, Opt. Lett. 18, 459 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. A. Rakuljic (personal communication).
  14. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985), Chap. 5, pp. 164–167.

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

G. A. Rakuljic and V. Leyva, Opt. Lett. 18, 459 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wohlecke, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 185 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. C. Alferness and P. S. Cross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 843 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, and K. F. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 155 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. W. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Akella, A.

S. S. Orlov, A. Akella, L. Hesselink, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1977 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), postdeadline paper CPD29-2.

Alferness, R. C.

R. C. Alferness and P. S. Cross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 843 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bashaw, M. C.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cross, P. S.

R. C. Alferness and P. S. Cross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 843 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, and K. F. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 155 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J.

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996), Chap. 9, pp. 333–336.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985), Chap. 5, pp. 164–167.

Guenther, H.

Heanue, J. F.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hesselink, L.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. S. Orlov, A. Akella, L. Hesselink, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1977 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), postdeadline paper CPD29-2.

Kogelnik, H. W.

H. W. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Leyva, V.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Rakuljic and V. Leyva, Opt. Lett. 18, 459 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macfarlane, R. M.

McDonald, M.

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Neifeld, M. A.

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

H. Guenther, G. Wittmann, R. M. Macfarlane, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 22, 1305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Orlov, A. Akella, L. Hesselink, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1977 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), postdeadline paper CPD29-2.

O’Conner, B.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Orlov, S. S.

S. S. Orlov, A. Akella, L. Hesselink, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1977 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), postdeadline paper CPD29-2.

Rakuljic, G. A.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Rakuljic and V. Leyva, Opt. Lett. 18, 459 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Rakuljic (personal communication).

Rogers, K. F.

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, and K. F. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 155 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Schirmer, O. F.

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wohlecke, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 185 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Thiemann, O.

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wohlecke, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 185 (1991).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, and K. F. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 155 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, G.

Wohlecke, M.

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wohlecke, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 185 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, and K. F. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 155 (1974).
[CrossRef]

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. W. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. C. Alferness and P. S. Cross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 843 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wohlecke, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 185 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996), Chap. 9, pp. 333–336.

S. S. Orlov, A. Akella, L. Hesselink, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1977 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), postdeadline paper CPD29-2.

G. A. Rakuljic (personal communication).

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985), Chap. 5, pp. 164–167.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Apodization experiment: (a) Gating light is uniformly incident on top of stoichiometric LiNbO3 during plane-wave recording in the infrared. (b) Gaussian intensity profile of gating light out of an optical fiber apodizes the grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized diffraction efficiency versus angle detuning for a uniform gating intensity profile and two Gaussian gating intensity profiles. The main lobe is truncated so that the plot is magnified. The dashed curve is a theoretical fit to the experimental unapodized sinc2 curve. The separation between nulls is 1 mrad.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Log plot of the 2-mm-wide Gaussian gating intensity profile. The dashed curve is a simulation of the corresponding grating profile.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Log plot for the 2.5-mm-wide Gaussian gating intensity profile. Simulations with and without a fitted constant term added to the grating profile are shown by the dotted–dashed and the dashed curves, respectively.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

FT1+m cosKg·r+ϕ0rectxXrectyYrectzZ=δK+12δK-Kg+12δK+KgXYZ sin cXkX2π sin cYkY2π sin cZkZ2π.
Sz=ηt1IIRLSmaxIgatezIgatez+I1/2,S,
IθFTrectzZexp-z2σ22|sin caZθexp-bσ2θ2|2,

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