Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a new scheme for generating amplitude-squeezed solitons in an asymmetric fiber Sagnac loop. We measure by direct detection what is to our knowledge a record reduction of 5.7±0.1 dB (73%) and, with corrections for linear losses, 6.2±0.1 dB (76%) in the photon-number fluctuations below the shot-noise level. The same scheme is also shown to generate significant classical noise reduction and is limited by Raman effects in fiber.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Express 2, 77 (1998); www.osa.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. J. Werner, Phys. Rev. A 54, R2567 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Werner, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Long Beach, Calif., October 12–17, 1997.
  6. H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 386 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. J. Carter and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3757 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Lai and S.-S. Yu, Phys. Rev. A 51, 817 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Schmitt, F. Koenig, B. Mikulla, S. Spaelter, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 195.
  10. M. Margalit, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 170.
  11. S. J. Carter, P. D. Drummond, M. D. Reid, and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1841 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. J. Werner and S. R. Friberg, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 130.

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Werner, Phys. Rev. A 54, R2567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Lai and S.-S. Yu, Phys. Rev. A 51, 817 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

S. J. Carter and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3757 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

S. J. Carter, P. D. Drummond, M. D. Reid, and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1841 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boehm, M.

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burk, M.

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Express 2, 77 (1998); www.osa.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carter, S. J.

S. J. Carter and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3757 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Carter, P. D. Drummond, M. D. Reid, and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1841 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drummond, P. D.

S. J. Carter and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3757 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Carter, P. D. Drummond, M. D. Reid, and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1841 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friberg, S. R.

S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Werner and S. R. Friberg, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 130.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Margalit, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 170.

Ippen, E. P.

M. Margalit, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 170.

Koenig, F.

S. Schmitt, F. Koenig, B. Mikulla, S. Spaelter, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 195.

Lai, Y.

Y. Lai and S.-S. Yu, Phys. Rev. A 51, 817 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Leuchs, G.

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Express 2, 77 (1998); www.osa.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt, F. Koenig, B. Mikulla, S. Spaelter, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 195.

Levanon, A.

S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Machida, S.

S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margalit, M.

M. Margalit, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 170.

Mikulla, B.

S. Schmitt, F. Koenig, B. Mikulla, S. Spaelter, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 195.

Mukai, T.

S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, M. D.

S. J. Carter, P. D. Drummond, M. D. Reid, and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1841 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt, S.

S. Schmitt, F. Koenig, B. Mikulla, S. Spaelter, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 195.

Shelby, R. M.

S. J. Carter, P. D. Drummond, M. D. Reid, and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1841 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sizmann, A.

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt, F. Koenig, B. Mikulla, S. Spaelter, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 195.

Spaelter, S.

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Express 2, 77 (1998); www.osa.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt, F. Koenig, B. Mikulla, S. Spaelter, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 195.

Stroessner, U.

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Express 2, 77 (1998); www.osa.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Werner, M. J.

S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Werner, Phys. Rev. A 54, R2567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Werner, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Long Beach, Calif., October 12–17, 1997.

M. J. Werner and S. R. Friberg, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 130.

Yu, S.-S.

Y. Lai and S.-S. Yu, Phys. Rev. A 51, 817 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 38, 335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. J. Werner, Phys. Rev. A 54, R2567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai and S.-S. Yu, Phys. Rev. A 51, 817 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. J. Carter and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3757 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Carter, P. D. Drummond, M. D. Reid, and R. M. Shelby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1841 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

M. J. Werner and S. R. Friberg, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 130.

S. Schmitt, F. Koenig, B. Mikulla, S. Spaelter, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 195.

M. Margalit, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 170.

M. J. Werner, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Long Beach, Calif., October 12–17, 1997.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: OPO, optical parametric oscillator; λ/2, half-wave plates.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absolute (a) and relative (b) noise power fluctuations versus optical power incident into the 88%-reflec-tion port.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Input (a) and output pulse spectra of a 182-fs N=1.8 soliton after propagating through 3.5  m (b) and 9  m (c) of standard PM fiber.

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